Speaker pillow

A speaker pillow is a pillow that incorporates loudspeakers. It is generally designed to be an alternative to headphones connected to portable media players. Research has shown that a speaker pillow may also help with the symptoms of tinnitus by masking the internal sound with an external one. See also Tinnitus masker. Studies have shown that speaker pillows will certainly help some individuals with sleeping problems. The speaker pillow is generally used to play relaxing music for the individual while they fall asleep. People have also used the pillow to listen to their favorite music, radio show and audio books.

They come (more…)

Sony MDR-V6

Sony MDR-V6 is a large diaphragm folding pair of headphones, the initial entry in Sony’s Studio Monitor headphones, one of the most popular model lines among professional audio engineers. The product line was augmented by the MDR-V600, the MDR-7506 and then the MDR-7509 and MDR-7509HD models, which continue to be popular for audio editing, live sound and broadcast applications. The four models use a closed, circumaural sealed-ear design with a coiled oxygen-free copper cord, tipped with a combination ¼″ (6.35 mm) and ⅛″ mini (3.5 mm) TRS phone connector. As a product line, the MDR-series Studio Monitor folding headphones have been (more…)

Silent disco

A silent disco or silent rave is an event where people dance to music listened to on wireless headphones. Rather than using a speaker system, music is broadcast via a radio transmitter with the signal being picked up by wireless headphone receivers worn by the participants. Those without the headphones hear no music, giving the effect of a room full of people dancing to nothing. In the earliest days of silent discos, before 2005, there would be only one channel available to listen to music through. Over time, the technology moved along to where there were two, and later technology allowed (more…)

Noise-cancelling headphones

Noise-canceling headphones are helmets that reduce unwanted ambient noise through active noise control. This is different from passive headphones which, if they reduce ambient sounds, use techniques such as soundproofing. Noise canceling allows you to listen to audio without increasing the volume. It can also help a passenger to sleep in a noisy vehicle such as an airliner. In the aviation environment, noise-canceling headphones significantly increase the signal-to-noise ratio more than passive noise-canceling headsets or no headphones, making it easier to listen to important information such as safety announcements. Noise-canceling helmets can improve listening enough to completely compensate for the effect (more…)

In-ear monitor

In-ear monitors (IEMs) are devices used by musicians, audio engineers and audiophiles to listen to music or to hear a personal mix of vocals and stage instrumentation for live performance or recording studio mixing. They are often custom fitted for an individual’s ears to provide comfort and a high level of noise reduction from ambient surroundings.

A monitoring system is any system that provides a mix of audio sources to a performer on stage. Traditionally, monitors were loudspeakers placed on stage directed toward the performer (often called floor monitor speakers or wedges). Depending on the sophistication of the audio system, floor wedge (more…)


HearFones is an acoustic and non-electronic instrument that allows a person who speaks or sings to hear the sound they produce. The device is used by professional singers and has also been used in therapy for people with hearing problems.

HearFones is a patented instrument that allows a person who speaks or sings to hear the sound of the voice they produce. HearFones adapts to the head and binaurally redirects the sound from the mouth to the ears using ellipsoidal reflectors, one of which focuses on the user’s mouth and the other on the ear canals. Although similar to the traditional concept (more…)

Headphone amplifier

A headphone amplifier is a low-powered audio amplifier designed particularly to drive headphones worn on or in the ears, instead of loudspeakers in speaker enclosures. Most commonly, headphone amplifiers are found embedded in electronic devices that have a headphone jack, such as integrated amplifiers, portable music players (e.g., iPods), and televisions. However, standalone units are used, especially in audiophile markets and in professional audio applications, such as music studios. Headphone amplifiers are available in consumer-grade models used by hi-fi enthusiasts and audiophiles and professional audio models, which are used in recording studios.

Consumer headphone amplifiers are commercially available separate devices, sold to (more…)


The HDJ-1000 are professional DJ headphones from Pioneer’s Pro DJ line.

They are tightly closed dynamic headphones. Their impedance is 40 Ohms, with a maximum input of 3,500 mW and an output sound level of 107 dB/mW. The speaker unit type is a 50 mm dome. Connection is via a gold-plated 3.5 mm 3P mini plug and a 3.94 ft long single-coiled cable (approx. 9.84 ft when straight). The HDJ-1000 headphones weigh 9.5 oz (excluding cord) and come with a 06.3 mm 3P plug adapter with screw and carrying bag. These headphones have grown to be a DJ standard around the world.

Their (more…)

Google Pixel Buds

Pixel Buds are wireless earbuds developed and marketed by Google. They were launched on October 4, 2017 at Google’s Made By Google launch event and were immediately available for preorder for $159 on the Google Store. They have the Google Assistant built-in and support Google Translate. The distinguishing feature of Pixel Buds is their inclusion of the Google Assistant, a smart voice assistant.

This allows the earbuds to translate conversations in real-time, among other standard features such as web search and media connectivity. It supports translation of 40 different languages. Reception of the Pixel Buds was mostly negative, with much of the (more…)

Goji Electronics

Goji Electronics, Inc. is a producer of computers, smart phones, audio products and equipment headquartered in Hemel Hempstead, UK. The audio division of the company was founded by artist and entrepreneur Tinchy Stryder and DSG International plc president, Lord Kalms, and mainly produces products under the Goji Tinchy Stryder brand. Since the creation of Goji, its products have been distributed by Dixons Carphone plc and its predecessor DSG International plc. The collaboration between Dixons and Kwasi Danquah III led to an expansion of Goji Electronics in the headphone and audio equipment market. Stryder, Lord Kalms and Dixons Carphone plc all have (more…)

Freepulse wireless headphones

The Logitech FreePulse Wireless Headphones are headphones that use bluetooth to transmit audio from the receiver to the headphones. The receiver can uses a 3.5 mm headphone jack to plug into most audio outputs. The headphones emit sound from up to 10 metres (33 ft) away from the receiver using Bluetooth 2.0 with Enhanced Data Rate (EDR) wireless technology. It is also compatible with most music players but can also be connected via an external bluetooth source.

Dual headphone adapter

A dual headphone adapter, also known as a “headphone splitter” or “audio jack splitter”, is a device that allows two headphones to be connected through to one audio jack. They can be used to listen to audio through multiple audio input devices, such as headphones on devices such as an MP3 player, CD player, modern Computer with audio-out compatibility (such as a headphone socket) or boombox. Although earbuds, a type of headphone design, can be shared with a friend (with one “bud” in another’s ear), a dual headphone adapter can be more practical. Dual headphone adapters can be purchased at various (more…)

Discontinued Bose headphones

Here is a list of helmet products sold by Bose Corporation that have been discontinued.

The Bose QuietComfort headphones (also known as QC1) were the first consumer headphones launched by the company in 2000. The Bose QuietComfort headset came with

To address some of the concerns with the QuietComfort headphones, in 2003, Bose released its successor, the Bose QuietComfort 2 Headphones (also known as QC2). Like their predecessor, the QuietComfort 2 headphones were sold at a suggested retail price of $ 299 in the United States and around $ 480 in Europe (£ 275). The changes compared to the original QuietComfort headphones include:

The (more…)

Crystal earpiece

A crystal earpiece is a type of piezoelectric earphone, producing sound using a piezoelectric crystal, a material that changes shape when electricity is applied to it. It is usually designed to plug into the user’s ear canal.

A crystal earpiece typically consists of a piezoelectric crystal with metal electrodes attached to each side, glued to a conical plastic diaphragm or sheet of metal, enclosed in a plastic housing. The piezoelectric material used in the earliest crystal earphones was Rochelle salt, but modern headphones use barium titanate, or less often quartz. When the audio signal is applied to the electrodes, the crystal leans (more…)

Bose headphones

Bose Corporation produces headphones for the general public, aviation and the military. The model range includes in-ear headphones, mobile headphones, over-the-ear headphones, circumaural headphones and military / aviation headsets. The company was the first to release active noise canceling headphones as a consumer product.

Bose’s range of noise-canceling headphones is called “QuietComfort”. For industrial noise suppression applications, Bose produces the A20 aviation helmet, space shuttle helmet and combat vehicle crew helmet.

According to Bose, the company began making noise cancellation after Dr. Amar Bose flew to Europe in 1978 and “tried new headphones provided by the airlines and discovered that he could not (more…)


Boomphones is a producer of audio products based in Los Angeles, California. The company was founded in 2005 by Ira Strasberg and Ohad Einbinder, and primarily produces a product under the brand Boomphones.

The company was founded in 2005 in Toronto, Canada. Their first product, Phantom headphones, debuted on August 28, 2012. “Boomphones” is responsible for the production and distribution of its own products.

Boomphones’ Phantom Headphones are headphones that can transform into a boombox.

Beats Electronics

Beats Electronics LLC (also known as Beats by Dr. Dre, or simply Beats by Dre) is a division of Apple Inc. that produces audio products. Headquartered in Culver City, California, U.S., the company was founded by music producer and rapper Dr. Dre and Interscope Records co-founder Jimmy Iovine. The subsidiary’s product line is primarily focused on headphones and speakers. The company’s original product line was manufactured in partnership with the AV equipment company Monster Cable Products. Following the end of its contract with the company, Beats took further development of its products in-house. In 2014, the company expanded into the online (more…)


Headphones (or head-phones in the early days of telephony and radio) are a pair of small loudspeaker drivers worn on or around the head over a user’s ears. They are electroacoustic transducers, which convert an electrical signal to a corresponding sound. Headphones let a single user listen to an audio source privately, in contrast to a loudspeaker, which emits sound into the open air for anyone nearby to hear. Headphones are also known as earspeakers, earphones or, colloquially, cans. Circumaural and supra-aural headphones use a band over the top of the head to hold the speakers in place. The other type, (more…)


The Umnumzaan is a folding pocket knife manufactured by Chris Reeve Knives of Boise, Idaho, and designed by Chris Reeve. The name “Umnumzaan” is derived from the Zulu language, meaning “Head of the family,” or “Boss” (colloq.), a tribute to Mr. Reeve’s South Africa origins. The Umnumzaan was designed to meet the needs of operators seeking a heavy-duty folder capable of handling heavy use and even abuse. Building upon the Sebenza’s success, the Umnumzaan features: a stronger pivot joint, a thicker blade, a different blade grind with a reinforced tip, improved ergonomics, thicker titanium handles, a thicker titanium lock bar, a (more…)


A switchblade (also known as an automatic knife, pushbutton knife, ejector knife, switch, Sprenger, Springer, flick knife, or flick blade) is a type of knife with a folding or sliding blade contained in the handle which is opened automatically by a spring when a button, lever, or switch on the handle or bolster is activated. Most switchblade designs incorporate a locking blade, in which the blade is locked against closure when the spring extends the blade to the fully opened position. The blade is unlocked by manually operating a mechanism that unlocks the blade and allows it to be folded and (more…)

Swiss Army knife

The Swiss Army knife is a pocketknife or multi-tool manufactured by Victorinox AG (and up to 2005 also by Wenger SA). The term “Swiss Army knife” was coined by American soldiers after World War II due to the difficulty they had in pronouncing “Offiziersmesser”, the German name. The Swiss Army knife generally has a main spearpoint blade, as well as various tools, such as screwdrivers, a can opener, and many others. These attachments are stowed inside the handle of the knife through a pivot point mechanism. The handle is usually in its stereotypical red color, and features a Victorinox or Wenger (more…)

Strider SMF

The Strider MARSOC SMF is a framelock folding knife that was specifically developed for Detachment 1, the first SOCOM unit of the United States Marine Corps. The Strider SMF was the first knife issued to an individual Marine Corps unit in over 60 years and the first tactical folder issued within the USMC.

The SMF knife is manufactured by Strider Knives of Escondido, California. The knife features a drop point flat ground tiger striped blade of CPM S30V steel. The handle is composed of a fire anodized titanium frame, oil impregnated bronze bushings, an oversized pivot screw in diameter, and a textured (more…)


A slipknife knife is one of the most ubiquitous types of pocket knives. A slider knife consists of a handle with one or more folding blades. These blades are held in position by a strong “backspring” which solicits them to the open or closed position. Compare it with the Penny knife, which has no locking mechanism other than friction, or locking knives that mechanically lock the blade in position.

The United States has produced a massive range of slide knife designs from the mid-19th century to the present day. Here is a list of representative models and their characteristics:

In a number of (more…)

Sliding knife

An OTF Knife, also known as an out-the-front knife, sliding knife, or telescoping knife, is a pocketknife with a blade that opens and closes through a hole in one end of the handle. Contrast this with the majority of knives, which are either standard folding knives or are “fixed blade” sheath knives (having no mechanical operation). “OTF” only refers to the basic portion of the knife’s mechanical operation where the blade slides parallel with the handle to deploy. OTF knives may be further subdivided into manual sliding knives, which are not restricted as inertia knives, and automatic OTF switchblade knives and (more…)


The Sebenza is a folding pocket knife made by Chris Reeve Knives of Boise, Idaho. It is built with a stainless steel blade and a titanium handle. Its handle functions as a lock mechanism similar to the Walker linerlock concept, in that the handle itself forms the locking bar that keeps the blade open. This mechanism was invented by Chris Reeve and is called Reeve Integral Lock (R.I.L). It is also known as Framelock, and is one of the most widely used locking systems in the folding knife industry, where the strength and reliability of locks are a product requirement. The (more…)


The SARK (Search and Rescue Knife) or NSAR (Navy Search and Rescue) is a folding knife designed by knifemaker Ernest Emerson for use as a search and rescue knife by the US military. It has a hawkbill with a blunt tip in order to cut free trapped victims without cutting them in the process. There is a variant with a pointed-tip designed for police, known as the P-SARK (Police Search and Rescue Knife).

After a helicopter crash in 1999, which resulted in the deaths of six marines and one sailor, the United States Navy performed an assessment of its equipment and decided, (more…)

Rybička (knife)

Rybička (English: Little Fish) is a small Czech pocketknife with a fish-shaped neck. It has been produced since the first decades of the 20th century. The knife was particularly popular during the socialist period in Czechoslovakia. It was appreciated as a simple and small tool used for mushroom picking, a traditional Czech hobby. It was very popular and sold in large numbers on the Czechoslovak market. Since 2014, it has been produced by Mikov in Mikulášovice, Czech Republic.

The design of the Rybička knife apparently comes from the production of Jan Maixner’s cutlery workshop, but it only gained popularity after Ignaz Rösler (more…)


The resòlza, also known as resòrza, resòrja or arresòja, is a traditional Sardinian folding-blade fighting and utility knife. In Sardinia, this term is widely used to describe all foldable knives. Like the straight razor, the resolza’s blade folds into the handle when not in use. Although the blade traces its origins to the Nuragic civilization, since it has always served as a nearly indispensable tool for agro-pastoral work, the word’s origin dates from around the 17th century: the term in Sardinian is derived from the Latin rasoria, which translates to for “razor used for shaving”. Back in those times, the resolza (more…)

Penny knife

The penny knife dates from the 18th century and was a very basic utility knife, originally with a fixed blade. It received the name penny knife for what it reportedly cost in England and America during the late 18th century: one penny. The famous ”Fuller’s Penny Knife” helped build the reputation of Sheffield, England cutlers in the pre-industrial era of the early 18th century.

The penny knife would later evolve into a very simple, mass-produced pocketknife with a folding blade, which pivoted freely in and out of the handle without a backspring or other device to hold it in position (other than (more…)


A penknife, or pen knife, is a British English term for a pen that looks like a knife. One popular folk etymology makes an association between the size of a penknife and a small ballpoint pen, however the phrase “penknife” is much older. Originally, penknives were used for thinning and pointing quills to prepare them for use as dip pens and, later, for repairing or re-pointing the nib. They did not necessarily have folding blades, but resembled a scalpel or wood knife by having a short, fixed blade at the end of a long handle. Today the word penknife is the (more…)

Pantographic knife

A pantographic knife or (incorrectly) paratrooper knife is a folding knife whose blade is opened by a unique scissors method. The blade has a slightly longer tang than a folding knife heel. The handle is symmetrically segmented and articulated to fold away on both sides to grip the longer tang. The manner is similar to a balisong knife (also called a butterfly knife in western countries)—with which it is often confused. Unlike the balisong knife handles that swing freely and independently, the pantographic knife uses a pantograph linkage to keep the handles aligned during opening and closing. The pantographic knife is (more…)

Opinel knife

The Opinel company has manufactured and marketed a line of eponymous wooden-handled knives since 1890 from its headquarters in Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, Savoie, France—where the family-run company also operates a museum dedicated to its knives. The company sells approximately 15 million knives annually. Opinel knives are made of both high carbon and stainless steel, the latter being the highest quality Sandvik steel from Sweden. Originally sold as a working man’s knife, an Opinel knife has become emblematic of French culture, with Pablo Picasso reportedly using one of the company’s knives as a sculpting tool. In 1989, the Larousse dictionary cited “Opinel” as a (more…)

Okapi (knife)

The Okapi is a ratchet-lock clasp or slipjoint knife originally produced in 1902 for export to Germany’s colonies in Africa. The knife takes its name from the giraffe-like central African okapi. Okapi knives are no longer produced in Germany; in 1988, Okapi South Africa (then trading as All Round Tooling) bought the trademark and tooling and began producing the Okapi line of knives in South Africa. The South African Okapi lockback knives are produced with carbon or stainless steel blades, with or without serrations. The most commonly found Okapi knives in Africa are made of resin impregnated wood (usually cherry) and (more…)

Nontron knife

The Nontron knife is a traditional wooden-handled knife manufactured in the village of Nontron in the Dordogne area of southern France, in a tradition said to date back to the 15th century. The handle is usually of boxwood. Nontron knives are decorated with pokerwork designs based on a distinctive logo, and are now highly prized as a style item.

The Nontron penknife is similar in appearance to the cheaper and much more widespread Opinel knife, though the blades and handles are more various in shape. Nontron also manufacture a variety of table cutlery, chefs knives, and carving knives. Many of these use (more…)


The navaja is a traditional Spanish folding-blade fighting and utility knife. One of the oldest folding knife patterns still in production, the first true navajas originated in the Andalusian region of southern Spain. In Spain, the term navaja is often used to generally describe all folding-blade knives.

The etymology of the word navaja is derived from the Latin novacula, meaning razor, and the Andalusian knife known as the navaja is thought to have derived from the navaja de afeitar, or straight razor used for shaving. Like the straight razor, the ”navaja’s” blade folds into the handle when not in use. A popular (more…)

Mercator K55K

The Mercator K55K is a type of pocketknife produced in Germany since around 1867. Mercator knives were primarily produced by Hy. Kauffmann, which was operational from 1856 to 1995. The Mercator K55K knife is still produced in Germany by Mercator, now a division of Otter-Messer.

The Mercator K55K is of very simple construction: The handle consists of a folded piece of sheet metal, usually painted black, engraved with the outline of a leaping cat and the legend “K55K”, with the second “K” being backwards. The blade has a nail-nick by which it may be grasped to pull it open, and it locks (more…)


The Marjacq knife is a folding knife made at Thiers in France. The blade is of stainless steel and the handle is of boxwood, olive-wood or ebony, and there is a locking-ring to hold the blade in position, similar to that found on Opinel knives.

Liner lock

The Linerlock is a locking mechanism for folding pocket knives. A Linerlock is a folding knife with a side-spring lock that can be opened and closed with one hand without repositioning the knife in the hand. The lock is self-adjusting for wear. The modern Linerlock traces its lineage to the late 19th century, but in the 1980s the design was improved by American custom knifemaker Michael Walker.

Linerlock knives have been around since the late 19th century. The Cattaraugus liner locking patent, 825,093 was issued on July 3, 1906. After 1923 when the patent expired, it was used by other manufacturers such (more…)


Lake and Walker Knife Safety (LAWKS) is a patented folding knife attachment using the Walker Linerlock, designed by Knifemakers renowned members Ron Lake and Michael Walker. Safety is available in two versions: the original LAWKS and Columbia River Knife & Tool’s patented AutoLAWKS system. These additions increase manufacturing and engineering costs, but increase safety and security.

The original LAWKS mechanism consists of a switch on the knife handle, connected to the liner lock. When you retreat, the lock of the sheath can easily be pushed back to close the knife. But when the safety switch is pushed forward, it acts as an (more…)

Laguiole knife

The Laguiole knife (, locally ) is originally a high-quality traditional Occitan pocket-knife, originally produced in the “knife-city” of Thiers where 70% of the French cutting tool production comes from, and in the small village of Laguiole, both located in the Massif central region of France. “Laguiole” is neither a trademark nor a company name. Rather, the name “laguiole” became associated with a specific shape of a traditional knife common to this area.

The major influence on the form of the classic laguiole is most likely the Arabo-Hispanic clasp knife of Andalusian Spain, the navaja. The laguiole was first designed in 1829 (more…)

Jacob’s ladder (knife)

The “”’Jacob’s ladder”'” is a type of pocketknife consisting of two handle segments joined by a pivot, with a blade connected by a second pivot to the end of one handle segment. The design presumably takes its name from the multi-jointed wooden toy also known as a Jacob’s ladder, which is itself named after the ladder to heaven witnessed by the biblical patriarch Jacob (Genesis 28:12).

It is conceptually similar to the balisong (“butterfly knife”) in that it has no mechanical lock or spring pressure, but is kept in the open position during use by the leverage imparted by the user’s hand.

This (more…)


A is a type of folding pocket knife originating in Miki, Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan in 1896. The knife has no locking system, but is a friction folder or “penny knife”, using the friction of the swivel or the pressure of the user’s thumb on its iconic lever or chikiri, to prevent the knife from folding during use. The handle of the Higonokami is made of a folded over sheet of metal. The handle is stamped with the name of the maker of the knife and the steel used in the blade. Higonokami refers to “Lord-of-Higo”. Higo was an old province in (more…)

Gravity knife

A gravity knife is a knife with a blade contained in its handle, and which opens its blade by the force of inertia or gravity. As the gravity knife requires gravity or spinning motion to propel the blade out of the handle, it differs fundamentally from the switchblade, which opens its spring-propelled blade automatically upon the push of a button, switch, or fulcrum lever. The main purpose of this opening method is that it allows opening and closing to be done one handed, in situations where the other hand is occupied. A major historical use has been in issue to parachutists (more…)


The douk-douk is a French-made pocket knife of simple sheet-metal construction. It has been manufactured by the M. C. Cognet cutlery firm in Thiers, France, since 1929.

The external engraving of the douk-douk was created in 1929 by Gaspard Cognet of Cognet, Antoine & Gaspard for sales to France’s colonies in Oceania. The handle depicts a “douk-douk”, or Melanesian spirit incarnation. Cognet based the design on an engraving in an illustrated dictionary. Later other designs such as the “El Baraka” and “Tiki” were developed for other regional markets, particularly in French Algeria, and even south into Sub-Saharan Africa. Originally intended as an (more…)


The CQC-6 (Close Quarters Combat — Six) or Viper Six is a handmade tactical folding knife with a tantō blade manufactured by knifemaker Ernest Emerson. Although initially reported as the sixth design in an evolution of fighting knives and the first model in the lineup of Emerson’s Specwar Custom Knives, Emerson later revealed that the knife was named for SEAL Team Six. It has a chisel-ground blade of ATS-34 or 154CM stainless steel and a handle made of titanium and linen micarta. The CQC-6 is credited as the knife that popularized the concept of the tactical folding knife.

The CQC-6 has a (more…)

Commander (knife)

The Commander (knife) is a large recurve folding knife made by Emerson Knives, Inc. that was based on a custom design, the ES1-M, by Ernest Emerson that he originally built for a West Coast Navy SEAL Team. It was winner of the Blade Magazine Overall Knife of the Year Award for 1999.

The Commander has its origins with Emerson’s CQC-8 or “Banana” folding fighting knife based on the Bob Taylor Warrior Knife and the Bill Moran ST-23: a knife designed with the blade in line for reverse grip or sabre grip fighting. This knife became popular among the British SAS and the (more…)

Butterfly knife

A balisong, also known as a fan knife, a butterfly knife or a Batangas knife, is a folding pocket knife. Its distinct features are two handles rotating in the opposite direction around the silk, so that when closed, the blade is concealed in the grooves of the handles. A balisong with the lock on the “safe” handle, opposite the cutting edge, is called a Manila file. Balisong was commonly used by Filipinos, especially those in the Tagalog area, as a self-defense and pocket knife. A common stereotype is that a Batangueño wears one wherever he goes. Hollow ground balisongs were also (more…)

Assisted-opening knife

An assisted-opening knife is a type of folding knife which uses an internal mechanism to finish the opening of the blade once the user has partially opened it using a flipper or thumbstud attached to the blade. The first assisted opening knife was designed by Blackie Collins in 1995 and was named the “Strut-and-Cut”; it was based on the strut of his Ducati motorcycle. A similar concept was developed three years later by knifemaker Ken Onion with Onion’s idea based on a similar mechanism in his Harley Davidson motorcycle. Onion applied for a patent on his design in 1998. When the (more…)


A pocketknife is a foldable knife with one or more blades that fit inside the handle that can still fit in a pocket. It is also known as a jackknife or jack-knife. A typical blade length is . Pocket knives are versatile tools, and may be used for anything from opening an envelope, to cutting twine, slicing a piece of fruit or even as a means of self-defense.

The earliest known pocketknives date to at least the early of Iron Age. A pocketknife with a bone handle was found at the Hallstatt Culture type site in Austria, dating to around 600-500 BCE. (more…)

Zebra (pen manufacturer)

Zebra Co., Ltd. is a Japanese manufacturer of writing instruments. Zebra Pen Corporation (the US subsidiary) was founded in New York in 1982 as an independent wholly-owned company by Zebra Co. Ltd. The company sells a wide range of pens, pencils and highlighters in retail stores, wholesalers and mail order. The Zebra Pen Corporation offers a range of writing instruments including ballpoint pens, gel pens, rollerball pens, ink pens, mechanical pencils and highlighters.

The Zebra brand was adopted in 1914. Legend has it that Mr. Ishikawa, founder of Zebra Co. Ltd., wanted a company name that would be memorable and appropriate for (more…)


The Yard-O-Led Pencil Company was founded in London, England in 1934 by a Mr Brenner to produce his patent propelling pencils which contained twelve three inch leads (that is to say, 36 inches or a yard of lead). After the Second World War the company merged with Sampson Mordan Ltd whose founder had patented the first mechanical pencil in 1822.

They built a new factory in Birmingham and took over Edward Baker Ltd, another pencil maker. Until 2015, the company was part of the Letts Filofax Group, and has now re-established itself as Imperial Yard Ltd. Yard-O-Led continues to produce expensive fountain (more…)

Samuel D. Wonders

Samuel D. Wonders (1890-1980), a consulting engineer and ink manufacturer, was president of the Carter’s Ink Company in Cambridge, Mass., From 1949 to 1955.

Samuel Driscoll Wonders was born on July 30, 1890 in Bellefontaine, Ohio, son of James Crewe Wonders and Nancybelle (Spellman) Wonders. He attended the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and received a B.S. in 1913.

From 1913 to 1929, Samuel D. Wonders worked as an industrial engineer for various companies in Ohio and Massachusetts, the best known being Firestone Tire and Rubber Company.

Samuel D. Wonders went to work for Carter’s Ink in 1929 as an industrial engineer and was elected to (more…)

Waterman pens

The Waterman pen company is a major manufacturer of luxury fountain pens. Established in 1884 in New York City by Lewis Edson Waterman, it is one of the few remaining first-generation fountain pen companies, as Waterman S.A.. Since 2000 it has been owned by the American group Newell Brands subsidiary Sanford L.P.

Lewis Edson Waterman’s entry into fountain pen manufacturing has only recently been properly researched. Waterman was working as a pen salesman in New York for a new company founded in the spring of 1883 by a volatile inventor named Frank Holland. Holland abandoned his company after only six weeks; Waterman (more…)

Visconti (company)

Visconti is an Italian manufacturing company of fine fountain pens, ballpoint pens, and rollerball pens. Other products are jewels, watches, and accessories. The company was founded in 1988 in Florence by Dante Del Vecchio and Luigi Poli, collectors of fountain pens for many years. Their products represented the rediscovery and relaunch of celluloid as the material for fountain pens. In 2009, Visconti reached a deal with Coles of London (actually based in North Carolina), whereby Coles became the official distributor of Visconti products in the United States. Together, they have recently launched a range of new products, including the Rembrandt Collection, (more…)


Tombow is a Japanese manufacturer of office supplies. The company was founded in 1913 as Messrs Tombow and has since grown into an international business. Based in Tokyo with 397 employees, Tombow also has two overseas production facilities in Thailand and Vietnam. Tombow Thailand is the first overseas factory of Tombow with 425 employees (December 2007) and 6,480 square meters building area.

Tombow’s range of products include:

Mono is one of Tombow’s most popular product lines. It comprises different types of pencils, erasers, and correction tapes. Some product examples include the Mono plastic eraser (see image), the Mono Graph pencil, and the Mono (more…)

Société Bic

Société BIC S.A., commonly referred to simply as BIC and stylized as BiC, is a corporation based in Clichy, France best known for making ballpoint pens. It was founded in 1945 by Baron Marcel Bich and has become known for making disposable consumer products such as lighters, razors, mechanical pencils, and printed paper products.

In 1970, Gillette purchased S. T. Dupont Paris whose principal product was luxury cigarette lighters. During this time Dupont explored the possibilities of marketing a disposable lighter, developing an inexpensive disposable lighter called Cricket, which it introduced in the United States in 1972. Later that year Bic was (more…)


Sheaffer Pen Corporation (ʃeɪfɜː) is a manufacturer of writing instruments, particularly luxury fountain pens. The company was founded by Walter A. Sheaffer in Fort Madison, Iowa, and incorporated in 1913 to exploit his invention of a lever-filling fountain pen. The brand was sold by French parent company Bic to A. T. Cross Company in August, 2014.

In 1912, Walter A. Sheaffer took his idea of a pen-filling apparatus that utilized a lever system and, with his life savings, founded the W.A. Sheaffer Pen Company in Fort Madison, Iowa. The company was established in the backroom of Mr. Sheaffer’s jewelry store with seven (more…)


Rotring (stylized rOtring) is a German company of writing and drafting instruments based in Hamburg.

The company was founded in 1928 as Tintenkuli Handels GmbH. The first product of the company was the Tintenkuli, a pen-pen with a narrow steel tube instead of a conventional pen. While stylistic pens were already prevalent in America and were in fact conventional fountain pens prior to these, they were not marketed in Europe and Rotring would become the name associated with these pens worldwide. “Rot Ring” translates directly to the red ring – which is still placed around the barrel of their pens today.

The name (more…)


Quink (a portmanteau word from ‘quick’ and ‘ink’) is a fountain pen ink developed by the Parker Pen Company. It was introduced in 1931 and has remained in production ever since.

In 1928, under the direction of Kenneth Parker, the Parker Pen Company set out to develop a new and improved fountain pen ink. Inferior inks had long been the main cause of clogged fountain pens, yet popular ink formulations had remained unchanged in decades. Research for the project was initially outsourced to Miner Laboratories of Chicago. In August 1930 one of the lead chemists, Galen Sayler, was hired directly and put (more…)


Pelikan is a German manufacturer of fountain pens and other writing, office and art equipment. Credited with the invention of the differential-piston filling method, the original company was founded in Hanover in 1832 before it went bankrupt and restarted. Pelikan A.G. is now a Swiss incorporated subsidiary of Pelikan International. The notable history of Pelikan began with the model “100” and the modified 100N (both fountain pens), which sparked the genesis of the company’s distinctive styling. Pelikan is notable for its lack of innovation in pen manufacturing, preserving the then innovative methods and styles of its founding company. Pelikan’s newer lines (more…)

Onoto pens

Onoto was a brand of fountain pen manufactured by De La Rue from 1905 until 1958. The brand was relaunched in 2005 by The Onoto Pen Company Limited.

In the autumn of 1905, Thomas De La Rue and Company Limited, printers of bank notes and stamps to the commonwealth, launched a self-filling fountain pen guaranteed not to leak – the Onoto Patent Self-filling Pen. It had a patented new “plunger filler” system that filled the pen using a vacuum on the down-stroke of a piston, and included a cut-off valve to prevent leakage. This design was to feature prominently in the many (more…)


OMAS was an Italian manufacturer of writing instruments, fountain pens, ink and related luxury goods, founded in 1925 and put in liquidation in January 2016. Their products were in the upper price range of writing instruments and had always been manufactured in their factory located in Bologna, Italy. OMAS stands for Officina Meccanica Armando Simoni. The company was founded by Armando Simoni, who also designed the tools and equipment needed to manufacturer the OMAS line of pens. OMAS manufactured a variety of pens, the top line being the faceted Arte Italiana range, as well as a variety of limited edition pens. (more…)


OHTO CO., LTD.(オート株式会社)is a Japanese pen manufacturing company selling the “OHTO” brand. The company was established in 1929 as a manufacturer of dyes and ink. In 1949, the company became famous as a pen manufacturer after they manufactured the world’s first ball point pen with chrome ball. This was also Japan’s first ballpoint pen.

Since then, the company have introduced writing instruments such as the Roller Pen, Ceramic Roller Pen, Single blocked strong needle tip, and Needle tipped soft ink roller pen, Ceramic Roller Pen, Ceramic refill (C-300 series), Soft Ink Roller Pen, Free Ink Roller Pen, and Promecha drafting pencil


Namiki is a Japanese brand of fountain pens and other writing equipment. Namiki is most famous for their maki-e (lacquer work) designs on urushi.

Namiki is the surname of Ryosuke Namiki, the founder of the Pilot, named Namiki Manufacturing Company until 1938 when it became Pilot Pen Co., Ltd.. The brand name Namiki came to fame in the early 20th Century when Dunhill retailed in the west the Maki-e pens produced by Pilot under the brand Dunhill-Namiki. This partnership has continued to the present day (occasionally Namiki makes a Limited Edition for Dunhill) although Namiki has always been owned by Pilot. Namiki’s (more…)


Montegrappa is an Italian company of luxury products. Its full name is Elmo & Montegrappa S.p.A.. It is the owner of the Tibaldi brand.

Montegrappa was founded under the slogan “Manifattura pennini d’oro e penne stilografiche” (“Maker of gold nibs and fountain pens”) in 1912. Its products are still manufactured in the original factory on the river Brenta, in Bassano del Grappa—near Vicenza, in the North-East of Italy. During the First World War Bassano was a centre of military operations. Among the many soldiers who used the company’s pens (Elmo at that time) for their correspondence were two celebrated 20th-century writers, Ernest (more…)


Meisterstück (German for masterpiece) is the flagship line of pens from luxury brand Montblanc. Although principally concerned with writing instruments, the brand has of late used the Meisterstück name in association with members of its diversified product range including watches, jewelry and leather goods.

The first Montblanc to be branded a Meisterstück was produced in 1924 to denote the then Simplo company’s top-line range of writing instruments. Beginning initially with Safety Filling pens, the Meisterstück name continued to denote the company’s top line of writing instruments bearing warranted nibs and offering higher grade features than other models, such as the incorporation of (more…)

Macniven and Cameron

Macniven and Cameron Ltd., later known as Waverley Cameron Ltd., was a printing and stationery company based in Edinburgh, Scotland. The company was best known for its feathers, the “Pickwick”, the “Owl” and the “Waverley”, which were sold under doggerel advertising:

In 1770, Nisbet MacNiven established a paper manufacturing business in Balerno, outside of Edinburgh. The company quickly diversified into stationery and moved to the premises of Blair Street in Edinburgh’s Old Town. In the 1840s, brothers John and Donald Cameron became involved and the company became Macniven and Cameron. The feather “Waverley” was invented by Duncan Cameron, another brother, and was (more…)


Lamy is a producer of writing instruments in Europe. The company is German-owned. Josef Lamy, who was a sales representative for The Parker Pen Company in Germany, founded the business in 1930 by purchasing the Orthos pen manufacturer. Lamy was a pioneer in the use of moulded synthetic plastics to make their product. Lamy was run by Josef Lamy’s son, Manfred Lamy, until his retirement in 2006. He was succeeded by Bernhard M. Rösner.

In 1984, newspapers reported that Lamy’s export share increased to 33 percent of turnover. In 1986, Lamy, Montblanc, and Parker held among them 70–80 percent of the West (more…)

Kores (company)

Kores is a leading international brand of school and office products best known for solid glue sticks, dry correction tapes and Kolores coloured pencils. Kores was founded in 1887 by Wilhelm Koreska, the great-grandfather of Clemens Koreska, the current president of Kores Group. The worldwide HQ of Kores is based in Vienna, Austria and its main offices are in Czech Republic (Prague), Germany (Rommerskirchen), Mexico (Mexico City), Colombia (Bogotá) and Venezuela (Caracas). Kores has 2 key production facilities in Mexico City and Strmilov (Czech Republic). The iconic Kores dactylo was also portrayed on the cover poster of the Pedro Almodóvar’s movie (more…)

Koh-i-Noor Hardtmuth

Koh-i-Noor Hardtmuth a.s. is a Czech manufacturer and one of the world’s largest producers and distributors of art supplies, writing equipment and stationery. It was founded in 1790 by Joseph Hardtmuth of Austria. In 1802, the company patented the first pencil lead made from a combination of kaolin and graphite. In 1848, Joseph’s sons, Karl and Ludwig, took over the family business, and the production was relocated to the Bohemian town of Budweis, within the current Czech Republic. The products were given awards in many world exhibitions, including in 1855 in New York City, 1856, 1900 and 1925 in Paris, 1862 (more…)

S. T. Dupont

S.T. Dupont is a Paris-based brand name and manufacturer of lighters, collectible pens, handbags, perfumes (produced under license by Interparfums), cigarettes (made by Philip Morris International), and recently other gadgets using the trademark diamond-head pattern. The company has been producing luxury items since its founding in 1872. The founder of the brand, Simon Tissot-Dupont, was born in Savoy in 1847, and the company owes its initials to him.

Simon Tissot-Dupont founded a carriage company which was destroyed in a fire in 1872. The same year, he bought a workshop which made leather briefcases for diplomats and businessmen. In 1884, Dupont became the (more…)


KaWeCo (Federhalter-Fabrik Koch, Weber & Co) is a manufacturer of writing instruments based in Heidelberg, Germany. The company was founded in 1883 as Heidelberger Federhalterfabrik. After the First World War, the company began producing its own gold spikes to reduce their reliance on imported American components. The economic crisis of 1928 put the company in danger and it declared bankruptcy in 1929. In 1929, the company was bought by Badischen Füllfederfabrik Worringen und Grube.

He became one of the first German manufacturers to use injection molding. In the early 1930s, the company began producing piston-filled fountain pens, and continued production on a (more…)

Charles Henry Ingersoll

Charles Henry Ingersoll (October 29, 1865 – September 21, 1948), co-founded the Ingersoll Watch Company in 1892.

He was born on October 29, 1865 in Delta, Michigan to Orville Boudinot Ingersoll and Mary Elizabeth Beers. His brother was Robert Hawley Ingersoll (1859-1928). He married Eleanor Ramsey Bond (1869-1928). He co-founded the Ingersoll Watch Company in 1892. The company went bankrupt in 1921. He switched to manufacturing fountain pens. In 1926 he converted his home in Montclair, New Jersey into a hotel. He died on September 21, 1948 in West Orange, New Jersey. He was buried in Mount Hebron Cemetery in Upper Montclair, (more…)


Faber-Castell is one of the world’s largest and oldest manufacturers of pens, pencils, other office supplies (e.g., staplers, slide rules, erasers, rulers) and art supplies, as well as high-end writing instruments and luxury leather goods. Headquartered in Stein, Germany, it operates 14 factories and 20 sales units throughout the globe. The Faber-Castell Group employs a staff of approximately 7,000 and does business in more than 100 countries. The House of Faber-Castell is the family which founded and continues to exercise leadership within the corporation.

There are about 14 manufacturing plants (in 10 countries) which mainly manufacture writing instruments.

Founded in 1761 at Stein (more…)

Deli (company)

Deli Company (Chinese:得力; pinyin: dé lì, anglicized /dәˈliː/) is an office supplies and stationery manufacturer based in Ningbo, Zhejiang, China. Deli is a well-known brand in China, thanks to its national advertisement campaign that is broadcast on CCTV, inviting Yang Lan to participate as the brand ambassador. The company claims to be the leader in China’s stationery market, selling its products to more than 45,000 stores nationwide. Deli also leads the industry’s e-commerce business through a strong presence on Tmall and JD.com.

The company was established as a private enterprise in 1988 in Ninghai, China. In 1988, Deli began manufacturing pen stands, (more…)

A. T. Cross Company

AT. Cross Company is an American company that manufactures and distributes writing instruments, magazines and accessories.

The company was founded in 1846 in Providence, Rhode Island. Initially, she made gold and silver sheaths for pencils, reflecting the Cross family’s history as jewelers. The company was founded by Richard Cross, who passed it on to his son, Alonzo T. Cross. The company has developed many new innovative writing instruments, including the precursors of modern mechanical pencils and the first stylistic pens. In the 1960s, the company moved its headquarters to a large facility (approximately 155,000 square feet) in Lincoln, Rhode Island. After being (more…)

Conway Stewart

Conway Stewart & Company Ltd was a British manufacturer of writing instruments, founded in 1905 by Frank Jarvis and Thomas Garner in London.

Jarvis and Garner had previously worked for the De La Rue Company, the leading British fountain pen manufacturer of the time. Drawing on the experience they had gained at De La Rue, the two started their own business, initially reselling fountain pens manufactured by other companies. The name “Conway Stewart” was apparently derived from a popular music hall act of the time. The fountain pen market in Britain at that time was dominated by De La Rue and it (more…)

Cartier (jeweler)

Société Cartier (; ) is a French luxury goods conglomerate company which designs, manufactures, distributes, and sells jewellery and watches. Founded in Paris, France, in 1847 by Louis-François Cartier, the company remained under family control until 1964. The company maintains its headquarters in Paris, although it is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Compagnie Financière Richemont SA in Switzerland. Cartier is known for its jewelry and wristwatches. Cartier has a long history of sales to royalty. For example, Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge, has been seen wearing the Cartier Ballon Bleu watch. King Edward VII of England referred to Cartier (more…)

Carter’s Ink Company

” Carter’s Ink Company ” ‘was a manufacturer of ink and related products, in Boston and later in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. It used to be the largest ink manufacturer in the world.

The William Carter Company, a forerunner of Carter’s Ink, was founded in 1858 by the bookseller William Carter of Boston who, to complete his paper sales, began repackaging the inks of other companies and selling them under his own name. In 1860, William Carter’s brother, Edward Carter, joined the company and the company became known as “William Carter and Bro”. The civil war has turned Carter’s main ink supplier (more…)

Richard B. Carter

Ink manufacturer Richard B. Carter (1877-1949) was president of the Carter’s Ink Company in Boston and Cambridge, Massachusetts, from 1903 to 1949.

Richard Burrage Carter was born on April 8, 1877 in West Newton, Massachusetts, son of John W. Carter, the head of Careter’s Ink, and Helen (Burrage) Carter, his wife. He attended Harvard, where he became a member of Phi Beta Kappa and received an A.B. in 1898 and a master’s degree in 1899.

Richard B. Carter was still in college when his father died and was not ready to take over Carter’s Ink. He completed his studies at Harvard and went (more…)

John W. Carter

John W. Carter was a partner in Carter’s Ink Company in Boston and later Cambridge, Massachusetts, from 1865 until his death by drowning in 1895. The firm was founded by his cousin, William Carter. His son, Richard B. Carter ran the company from 1905 until his death in 1949. The company was sold in 1975 to Dennison Manufacturing Company, now Avery Dennison Corporation. The Carter’s brand name survives on some of its products.

Caran d’Ache (company)

” ‘Caran d’Ache’ ” is a Swiss manufacturer of school, office, art and luxury writing instruments.

The Geneva Fabrique  crayons was founded in Geneva in 1915 when Arnold Schweitzer bought the Ecridor pencil factory. In 1924, Arnold Schweitzer named his new company after Caran d’Ache, nickname of the French satirical political cartoonist Emmanuel Poiré (which in turn takes its name from karandash (karandash), the Russian word for pencil).

In 1929, Carl Schmid invented the Fixpencil, one of the first Caran d’Ache mechanical pencils. Caran d’Ache launches his watercolor pen Prismalo in 1931 and his wax pastel Neocolor in 1952. In 1969, he creates (more…)


Ballograf AB is a Swedish manufacturer of ballpoint pens and mechanical pencils. Ballograf manufactures its products from raw materials to the finished product at its Gothenburg factory.

Ballograf produces more than 4 million writing instruments a year, with only 30 employees. Fifty percent of its production is consumed in the Scandinavian countries, while the other half is exported worldwide, mainly to Western Europe.

In 1945, two Austrians, Eugen Spitzer and Victor Reich, founded a company in Göteborg to sell office supplies with the help of Friedrich Schaechter, a young Austrian inventor. The manufacture of ballpoint pens began with Schaechter’s small-scale experiments in a (more…)

Aurora (pen manufacturer)

Aurora is an Italian manufacturer of fine writing instruments, fountain pens, paper and leather goods, founded in 1919 by a rich textile merchant. Their products represent the first true Italian fountain pens and are still manufactured in their original factory in Turin, northern Italy. It has made the Aurora diamanté limited edition diamond embedded pen priced at around 1.46 million US Dollars. It is embedded with 2000 diamonds.

Alfred Dunhill Ltd.

Alfred Dunhill Limited (known and stylised as dunhill) is a British luxury goods brand, specialising in ready-to-wear, custom and bespoke menswear, leather goods, and accessories. The company is based in London, where it also owns and operates a leather workshop. The company is currently owned by Richemont and managed by CEO Andrew Maag.

The business was developed by Alfred Dunhill after he inherited his father’s saddlery business on London’s Euston Road at the age of 21 in 1893. Alfred Dunhill, responding to the growing demand for automobiles at this time, developed a line of accessories called “Dunhill’s Motorities”. This first collection included (more…)

Linc Pen & Plastics Limited

Linc Pen & Plastics Limited is an Indian stationery manufacturing company based in Kolkata, India. Linc Pen manufactures and markets various writing products. Linc Pen & Plastics Limited is listed on NSE, BSE and CSE. Linc Pen was established in 1976 by Mr. Soorajmal Jalan and is currently headed by Mr. Deepak Jalan. Linc Pen & Plastics Limited has an exclusive license to distribute and market uni-ball products in India. It also sold Lamy & Cruiser pens in India. Linc Pen Manufactures & markets Gel Pen, Ball Pen, Fountain pen, Stationery, Notebook & Files, Folders. Office Linc & Just Linc are (more…)

Heintze & Blanckertz

Heintze & Blanckertz was the first German manufacturer of immersion pens. It was founded in 1842 in Oranienburg near Berlin. Today the company is located in Wehrheim near Frankfurt.

“Heintze & Blanckertz – erste deutsche Schreibfederfabrik” was founded in 1842. The dip pens were important because the only other writing tool was the pen. The company sold its products in its own offices in Berlin, Leipzig and Frankfurt. Since the 1920s, the company has collaborated with famous designers such as Rudolf Koch, Paul Renner and Edward Johnston and has developed into the arts and crafts sector. In 1926, Heintze & Blanckertz started (more…)

Parker Vacumatic

The Parker Vacumatic fountain pen was launched in 1932, and would come to sell the Parker Duofold, the bestseller of the time. The pen was originally marketed as the Golden Arrow, a reference to the new arrow clip, but has again been replaced by Vacuum Filler in reference to its action of filling the ink tank. The Vacumatic presented a brand new filling mechanism that took 5 years to develop at a cost of $ 125,000. Parker boasted of the model to be the first self-filling bag without which, although not quite true, the filling mechanism was still a great innovation. (more…)

Parker Jointless

The Parker Jointless “Lucky Curve” is a range of fountain pens released by the Parker Pen Company in 1898. The pen used the Lucky Curve ink supply system, designed to draw ink even when the pen was not in use, which was invented and patented by George Safford Parker in 1894. The pen was named “Jointless” because of its one-piece ink barrel, designed to prevent leakage, an innovation at the time – though the design made the refilling process messy. The pen was Parker’s first to be advertised outside the United States. The American government purchased the pens in large quantities (more…)


The Parker Jotter is the Parker Pen Company’s second and best-selling retracting refillable ballpoint pen. The first was the Hopalong Cassidy ballpoint. (Later a fountain pen, mechanical pencil and rollerball pen were introduced to the line. However, this entry primarily covers the ballpoint pens identified as the “Jotter”). As with many other ballpoint pens, it can also be converted into a gel pen by simply changing the refill. Since 1954, over 750 million have been sold worldwide. It is priced between $6 USD for lower end models, and $20 USD for higher end models, such as special editions. Because of its (more…)

Parker Duofold

Parker Duofold is a range of fountain pens produced by Parker Pen Company. The first model was produced in 1921 and was a large pen – 5.5 inches long once capped. It was made of a glowing red hard rubber and expensive at $ 7.00. The original full-size Duofold was soon joined by the smaller Duofold Junior, Duofold Special, and Lady Duofold. While the Junior and Special could also be equipped with Parker’s puck, the Lady Duofold was available with a Chatelaine, or ring for the neck. The Ring Top would also appear on Parker’s Vest Pocket models, to be attached (more…)

Parker 180

The Parker 180 is a fountain pen developed in the 1970s by Parker Pen Company. Introduced to the market in 1977 as an attempt to modernize the then-wading feather pen industry, the 180 was a slim pen with a very unusual flat feather design. The “180” is a 180 ° game, because the pen was intended to be used either in an upward or upward orientation to change the width of the line drawn by the pen. It was offered in “X / M” (“Extra-Fine / Medium”) or “F / B” (“Fine / Broad”) configuration.

Towards the end of its production, the (more…)

Parker 51

The Parker 51 is a fountain pen introduced in 1941. Parker’s vintage advertisement called it “The Most Wanted Pen in the World”, a slogan referring to the restrictions on the production of pens for the civilian market in the United States. during WWII. Parker’s continued advertising during the war created a demand that took several years to complete after the end of the conflict. A common misconception about Quink is that it was primarily intended for the Parker “51”, which has generated more than $ 400 million in sales over its thirty years of existence. While Quink was ideal for use (more…)

Parker Pen Company

The Parker Pen Company is a manufacturer of luxury pens, founded in 1888 by George Safford Parker in Janesville, Wisconsin, United States. In 2011 the Parker factory at Newhaven, East Sussex, England, was closed, and its production transferred to Nantes, France.

George Safford Parker, the founder, had previously been a sales agent for the John Holland Gold Pen Company. He received his first fountain pen related patent in 1889. In 1894 Parker received a patent on his “Lucky Curve” fountain pen feed, which was claimed to draw excess ink back into the pen barrel when the pen was not in use. The (more…)

Marker pen

A marker, a fineliner, a marker, a marker, a felt marker, a flow marker, texta (in Australia), a sketch (in India) or a koki (in South Africa), is a pen that has its own ink-source and a tip made of porous pressed fibers such as felt. A permanent marker consists of a container (glass, aluminum or plastic) and a core of absorbent material. This filling serves as a support for the ink. The top of the marker contains the tip that was made earlier of a hard felt material, and a cap to prevent the marker from drying out. Until the (more…)

Montblanc (company)

Montblanc International GmbH (pronounced: [mo(n) blaw(n)] or [mon blaan(k)]) is a German manufacturer of luxury writing instruments, watches, jewellery and leather goods, often identified by their “Snow peak” logo.

A Hamburg banker, Alfred Nehemias, and a Berlin engineer, August Eberstein, produced simple pens in 1906. After a short period of time Wilhelm Dziambor, Christian Lausen and later Claus Johannes Voss took over the business. Their first model was the Rouge et Noir in 1909 followed in 1910 by the pen that was later to give the company its new name, Montblanc. The Meisterstück name (English: “Masterpiece”, the name used for export) was (more…)

Waterman Philéas

Waterman Phileas is a series of writing instruments, including fountain pens, rollerballs, ballpoint pens and pencils produced by the waterman pen company. It is well known for its good value for money and is therefore often recommended for novice pen users and collectors. This series is now discontinued, but is currently still available from many vendors. The company Waterman has named this line of writing instruments after the character of Phileas Fogg in The Eighty Days Around the World by the French novelist Jules Verne. The design reflects an Art Deco look from the 1930s. However, neither the Art Deco movement (more…)

Waterman Hémisphère

The Waterman Hémisphère is a pen produced by the French pen company Waterman. The Hémisphère is a light pen that has a cigar shaped barrel with a beveled top and usual Waterman clip. It comes in many colours (metallic, blue, green, red, cognac), a lacquer finish, or a brushed chrome or gold finish. The clip comes in chrome or 24-karat gold finish.