A smartwatch , literally “smart watch” is a show computerized wristband with features beyond simple display of time and timing, with comparable characteristics to those of a PDA . They should be considered as wrist computers. The term ” connected watch” is also used for watches with wireless connectivity with technologies such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi 1 .
While the early models, which appeared in the 1980s , were able to perform basic tasks such as calculations, calendar-planning and then translations or games, modern smartwatches have become computers in their own right. Some smartwatches can run mobile applications , run on a mobile operating system , or offer mobile phone functions . Other common applications include audio or video playback, FM radio reception , Bluetooth connectivity , or the measurement of the wearer’s physical activity.
In 2014, while the variety of these products on the market has never been so great, according to a study by the analyst office Jackdaw: “the public is not interested in connected watches. Two reasons: the proposed features are not enough and useful devices are not all the technological challenges they raise 2 . ”
Swiss watchmaking also launches its smartwatches 3 .
The first smartwatches appear since 1982. One can distinguish the first unconnected smartwatches (at least with connection can be done by wired cable), then watches connected with the arrival of Bluetooth and Wi-Fi technologies . Sports watches equipped with GPS can be classified as smartwatches .
- 1982, Pulsar (en) NL C01 of Seiko 4
- 1983, Casio Databank (en)
- 1983, Seiko Data-2000
- 1984, Seiko UC-2000 4
- 1984, Seiko RC-1000 4
- 1985, Seiko UC-3000 4
- 1985, Seiko RC-4000; 2 KB of RAM 4
- 1994 Timex Datalink (en)
- 1998 Seiko Ruputer (in) , programmable with C language 4
- 1998, WatchPad by IBM and Citizen, under Linux 4
- 2003-2005, Fossil Wrist PDA (en) , Palm OS
- 2011 iPod nano 6 th generation iOS 5
- 2011 Motorola MotoACTV (in) , Android; Fitness data 5
The smartwatches GPS or sportwatches :
- Suunto watches
- 2003, Garmin Forerunner (en)
- 2012, Nike + FuelBand (en) and Nike + SportWatch GPS 5
- Geonaute watches
- The TomTom watch
The connected smartwatches, or watchphones :
- 1990, Seiko Receptor, first watch to receive text messages like a pager 4
- 1998, Samsung SPH-WP10 4
- 2004-2008, Microsoft SPOT (en) : Microsoft technology allowing watches to receive data by frequency modulation with an annual subscription of 59 dollars 5
- 2009, Hyundai MB 910 (en)
- 2009, Samsung S9110 5
- 2009, LG GD910 (en)
- 2010, sWaP Classic (en)
- 2010 Fashion S9110 (en)
- 2010 Sony Ericsson LiveView (in) 5
- 2010, Allerta InPulse 5
- 2011 WIMM Labs WIMM One (in) : Bluetooth can connect with Android phone, BlackberryOS and iOS 5
- 2012, I’m Watch (es) , Android, can connect in Bluetooth with a phone
- 2012, Z1 Android Watch-Phone (en)
- 2012 MetaWatch (in) , can connect via Bluetooth with a phone running Android and iOS
- 2012, Pebble E-Paper Watch, Peeble OS 5 . A week of autonomy, against a day for competition 6 . Can connect in Bluetooth with a phone on Android and iOS. The Pebble Kickstarter 7 project has raised more than $ 10 million in funding, making it the most funded Kickstarter campaign since 2009, when this crowdfunding 8 platform was created
- 2012, Sony SmartWatch (en) , Android, can connect in Bluetooth with a phone Android 5
- 2012, Cuckoo from ConnecteDevice, can connect in Bluetooth with a phone 5
- 2013, SimValley PW-315.Touch, operating system manufacturer, allows to insert a Sim card and call independently a bluetooth phone
- 2013, Samsung Galaxy Gear , Android 5
- 2013, SimValley AW-414.Go, Android 4.2 system, runs independently from a smartphone with a SIM card
- 2013, Qualcomm Toq (en) , the watch with a Mirasol screen , under QCOM OS
- 2013, Sony SmartWatch 2 under MicroC / OS-II
- 2014 Samsung Gear 2 (in Tizen – does not exist in France), Samsung Gear 2 Lite, or Neo Light (under Tizen ) and Samsung Gear Fit (builder operating system), new releases and versions of the Samsung Galaxy Gear Release in 2013
- 2014 Omate TrueSmart (in) , Android (after a project Kickstarter 9 )
- 2014 LG G Watch (in) under Android Wear
- 2014, Motorola 360 (en) of Motorola, Android Wear 5
- 2014, LG G Watch R (in) under Android Wear 5
- 2014 Samsung Gear S (in) under Tizen
- 2014 Asus ZenWatch (in) under Android Wear 5
- 2014, Neptune Pine (en) , Android (from a project Kickstarter 10 )
- 2014, Pebble Steel
- 2014, Exetch XS3
- 2014, Acer Liquid Leap
- 2014, Samsung Gear Live (in) under Android Wear 2015, April 24, Apple Watch 5 under Watch OS
- 2015, Apple Watch under Watch OS
- 2015, Samsung Gear S2 , under Tizen
- 2015, Huawei Watch
- 2015, Nevo de NevoWatch 11
- 2015, Intel Smartwatch, following the takeover of Basis, a company specializing in 2014 12 withdrawn from the market in 2016, because it caused skin burns by overheating. It is based on an ARM architecture processor , like other smartwatches; The general design of the watch is thus put forward for this overheating 13 , 14 .
- 2016, LG G Watch Urbane 4G, Android Wear 11
- 2016, Pebble Time , (from a Kickstarter project ) 15
- 2015, April 24, Apple Watch 5 under Watch OS
- 2015, Huawei Watch
- 2015, Acer Liquid Leap +
- 2015, AI Technologies AI Watch, (from an Indiegogo project )
- 2015, Arrow
- 2015, Intel Basis Peak
- 2015, Momentum Labs Moment, (from a Kickstarter project )
- 2015, PHTL Hot SmartWatch, (from a Kickstarter project )
- 2015, Razer Nabu
- 2015, Ritot, (resulting from an Indiegogo project )
- 2015, Sony SmartWatch 3 Android Wear
- 2015, Veldt Serendipity
- 2015, WiME NanoSmart
- 2015, Exetch XS4
- 2015, LG G Watch R2 under WebOs
- 2015, SHAMMANE (from a Kickstarter project )
Concepts or rumors:
- Creoir Ibis
- Dell Smartwatch
- Google Smartwatch Android Wear
- HP Michael Bastian
- Nokia Facet
Specific software smartwatches
Android Wear from Google is the “ready-to-wear” version of Android . It incorporates the Google Now personal assistant , which is particularly well-suited to smartwatches’ tiny screens, based on speech recognition. Most smartwatches allow their users to dictate SMS, e-mail, and other supported functions with the built-in microphone of the connected watch. Android Wear 5.0, launched at the end of December 2014, also offers users more applications dedicated to wallpapers and dials to customize these connected objects, as well as some tools that are supposed to make it easier to use.
Major historical companies like TAG Heurer, Michel Herbelin and Swatch 16 are already on the Android Wear, and few social networks would do without being there. For developers of applications dedicated to connected watches, get the approval of Google for the Android Wear, is a condition of existence. Few other brands can afford to create a fully autonomous operating system that is not compatible with Android Wear, just like Android smartphones. Users want to be able to benefit from the most applications available on the market.
Manufacturers of smartwatches are interested in health with models for monitoring stress levels or preventing epilepsy, with physical signs indicating a seizure 17 .
Applications specific to smartwatches
Few applications currently exploit and develop the specificity of smartwatches. Starting with Android Wear 5.0 it seems that the ingenuity of the developers finally woke up. But many still await the release of the Apple Watch to actually invest in a project. In France, the market is still in its infancy.
Press Non-Stop judges that these watches suffer from specific applications not yet developed enough, derisory electric autonomy (a few hours, instead of a few years for classic watches), and the need to use them with a smartphone, They are in fact only a remote display, even for high-end models 18 .
Notes and references
- ↑ Guillaume Huault-Dupuy, ” Should Switzerland be afraid of watches connected? ” [ Archive ] , (Accessed 8 October 2014 ) .
- ↑ The market of watches connected: “At best, a niche opportunity” [ archive ] . Clubic 14 August 2014
- ↑ Dominique Chapuis, ” Swiss watchmaking ready to meet the challenge of Apple Watch ” [ archive ] , on lesechos.fr ,
- ↑ a , b , c , d , e , f , g , h and i ( in ) Gary Marshall, ” Before Apple Watch: Timely the history of the smartwatch ” [ archive ] , (Accessed8 October 2014 ) .
- ↑ a , b , c , d , e , f , g , h , i , j , k , l , m , n , o , p and q ( in ) Gary Marshall, ” Before Apple Watch: the Timely history of the Smartwatch (2) » [ archive ] , (Accessed 8 October 2014 ) .
- ↑ http://www.01net.com/fiche-produit/fiche-technique-16028/montres-connectees-pebble-pebble/ [ archive ]
- ↑ https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/597507018/pebble-e-paper-watch-for-iphone-and-android [ archive ]
- ↑ https://www.kickstarter.com/discover/most-funded?ref=most_funded [ archive ]
- ↑ https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/omate/omate-truesmart-water-resistant-standalone-smartwa/ [ archive ]
- ↑ https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/neptune/neptune-pine-smartwatch-reinvented/ [ archive ]
- ↑ a and b Mourad Radi , ” Connected Watch: The 2016 Guide ” [ Archive ] , on Connected House , (Accessed 27 May 2016 )
- ↑ ( in ) Alexia Tsotsis, ” Basis Goes To Intel For Around $ 100M ” [ archive ] on TechCrunch ,
- ↑ ( en ) « Intel Smartwatches are Hot! So Hot, They May Burn Your Skin “ [ archive ] , on cnx-software.com ,
- ↑ ( in ) David Manners, ” Intel Recalls over-heating smartwatch ” [ archive ] on Electronics Weekly (in) ,
- ↑ ” Pebble unveils two new watches connected and a key holder – objeko.com ” [ archive ] , on Objeko.com , (Accessed 30 May 2016 )
- ↑ ” Why will the connected watch become the standard in 2017? ” [ Archive ] , (Accessed 4 May 2017 ) .
- ↑ ” The medical-grade smartwatch Medical Embace predicts epileptic seizures ” [ archive ] , (Accessed 12 January 2015 ) .
- ↑ Duck PC hardware 22, October-November 2014, p. 80.