The Samsung Gear 2 is a smart watch developed by Samsung Electronics .
It was presented at the Mobile World Congress 2014 in Barcelona.
Its operating system is no longer Android as on its predecessor the Galaxy Gear , but under Tizen 1 . It has an Exynos processor and was launched in April 2014.
The Samsung Gear 2 comes in two versions, one called Gear 2, which includes a 2-megapixel camera with auto-focus that can make videos in 720p, and the other called Neo or Lite (see Light for The French market) that does not have a camera.
watchos is the operating system of Apple Watch , developed by Apple Inc . It is based on the iOS operating system and shares many of its features. The operating system was launched on, The same day as the Apple Watch. The Apple Watch is currently the only device to operate under watchOS . Its API is called WatchKit .
At the WWDC 2015 , watchOS 2 was briefly presented for the first time. This new version of the operating system includes many new features, mainly the possibility of launching native applications. Its release was scheduled for September 16, 2015, (more…)
The Pebble Watch is a connected watch distributed by Pebble Technology, on the non-touch screen. Its design and implementation were made possible by a major campaign participatory finance ( “crowd funding”) through Kickstarter 2 .
In , Pebble reaches 85,000 orders by 66,434 people on Kickstarter, for a record $ 10 million fundraising 3 .
In , Pebble launches a metal model, the Peeble Steel, and a new version of its Android and iOS 4 applications .
In , Pebble has sold more than 400,000 copies of his watch 5 .
In , The company has sold 1 million connected watches (more…)
A physical activity monitor (also referred to as activity monitor or sports monitor ; in English, activity tracker 1 ) is an electronic device or implementation to measure the intensity and amount of physical activity performed by a person such Distance or run distance, consumption and calorie expenditure , and in some cases, heart rate and quality of sleep . The goal of the monitor is to increase the motivation of its user and allow him to improve his performance.
The term is now used primarily to refer to dedicated electronic monitoring devices that are synchronized , in many cases wireless, to (more…)
Microsoft band is a wristband connected to touchscreen rectangular announced on 29 October 2014.
This is the first device powered by Microsoft Health , the new health service Microsoft . It is marketed in the United States since October 30, 2014 for $ 199 1 .
The bracelet incorporates ten sensors to give continuous heart rate, number of steps, number of calories burned, information on sleep, stress level, skin temperature, ambient brightness, Intensity of ultraviolet rays 1 .
Many applications are pre-installed to answer SMS , make calls, view appointments, weather, stock quotes, time a performance, start a countdown, receive e-mails, Facebook and Twitter (more…)
A smartwatch , literally “smart watch” is a show computerized wristband with features beyond simple display of time and timing, with comparable characteristics to those of a PDA . They should be considered as wrist computers. The term ” connected watch” is also used for watches with wireless connectivity with technologies such as Bluetooth and Wi-Fi 1 .
While the early models, which appeared in the 1980s , were able to perform basic tasks such as calculations, calendar-planning and then translations or games, modern smartwatches have become computers in their own right. Some smartwatches can run mobile applications , run on a (more…)
Top Marques Monaco is one of the largest fairs annual of luxury in the world, with mainly supercars but also yachts , helicopters , motorcycles , fashion (apparel) , watches , jewelry , art , real estate 2 … It takes place every year The end of April since 2003 in Monaco , and visited more than 36,000 visitors in 2014 1 .
In 2003, Lawrie Lewis founded and presided over this exceptional international luxury show, under the patronage of Prince Albert II of Monaco , with a four-day duration at the Grimaldi Forum Monaco , the port of Monaco and (more…)
The International Fine Watch Exhibition (SIHH) is a worldwide private fair for watchmaking and jewelery held in Palexpo , Geneva , Switzerland .
Its first edition dates back to 1991 with five brands installed on 1 000 m 2 at the initiative of Alain-Dominique Perrin 1 . It usually takes place in January. The exhibition is open to professionals and the press on an area of 40 000 m 2 with sixteen watch houses presenting their novelties.
In 2015 held the 25 th edition 2 , which welcomed 14,500 trade visitors and journalists 3 .
With Baselworld , the SIHH is considered as a (more…)
Baselworld is a worldwide watch and jewelery trade fair held in Basel , Switzerland .
Its first edition dates back to 1917. The fair is generally held during the last weeks of March on an area of 141,000 m 2 . It brings together about 1,500 exhibitors 2 from 40 different countries 3 for about 150,000 visitors 4 .
The exhibition is the main event of the watch and jewelery industry 3 .
Baselworld 2015 corridor.
On April 15, 1917, the first “Swiss Basel Sample Fair” (muba) 5 , 6 , 1 was held . A total of 831 companies from various branches of the (more…)
The watch glass also known as ice shows , is the transparent part which allows both to read the signs and protects its constituent parts. Not to be confused with watch glass : laboratory equipment .
Initially, made of glass and then of composite materials , either plastic , for example Plexiglass , or glass-based, developments in the techniques of processing synthetic sapphire ( monocrystalline corundum ) allowed its use for the majority of Quality watches, combining impact resistance with scratch resistance, as well as a quasi non-existent coefficient of expansion , ensuring high stability and durability.
The winding stem is a rod that connects the crown of a mechanical watch to the mechanism, called “movement”, in order to act on the latter.
Its primary function is to allow the winding of the watch. Without it, the reassembly and the setting on time were done by key. Often threaded in modern watches, it was frequently section driven into the crown for older watches. It is part of the draft . It is also used for certain models to set the time or date. On old watches, the rod only allowed a rotary movement, the time was set by simultaneously (more…)
The shock absorbing systems are used in the mechanical movements to protect the critical alignment of the axes of the rocker in the event of a shock.
The anti-shock system protects the balance pins by means of very thin steel springs (mounted at the end of axes). Normally a timepiece (also called ” ruby “) is inserted to hold each end of axis. The pivots and rubies of the pendulum are very fragile in comparison with the mass they have to bear. Without shock protection, the smooth running of the movement would be quickly disrupted.
The spiral spring , with non-contiguous and therefore frictionless spirals, is composed of a ribbon of rectangular section embedded at one end B and secured at the other end O to an axis perpendicular to the winding plane.
In this watch bracelet, the spiral has blue reflections.
In watchmaking , the spiral spring is a small spring coiled in a spiral and constituting with the balance the regulating member of the mechanical watch . It returns the pendulum to its starting position at the end of each alternation.
We will assume that the axis is movable without friction and, less obviously, that it does (more…)
The motor spring or (in clockwork) spring barrel is a spring enabling to store energy when it is tensioned, and to restore it during the trigger. Most of the time it is a metal strip of hardened steel wound on a wheel. The energy returned is transmitted by a set of gears . In some applications, the system is regulated by a rotating vane (air friction attenuates variations in speed) or by an exhaust system .
In general, the spring is reloaded by a knob (the crown of a watch, called crown ) or by a removable key (clocks, toys).
A regulator is a skilled worker 1 or technician whose role is to regulate the machines of production. The settings of the machines include the parameters, the tools, the cadences, the laying of the molds 2 , etc. The controller is responsible for level 1 maintenance and preventive maintenance .
A regulator, or a regulator, is a specialized worker, often a female worker 3 , who performs the adjustment operation . The latter is to position exactly and riveting thoroughly the spiral spring to the pendulum , to form the regulating device or regulating organ a movement 4 . Today this (more…)
The plate is the base plate supporting all the components of the mechanical movement of a watch . It is part of the draft . Normally made of brass , it can also be manufactured from precious metal , or synthetic sapphire .
The plate is provided
Of the incrustations necessary for housing the other elements of the movement;
Of screw threads necessary for fastening bridges ;
A center hole allowing the passage of the pinions fixing the needles ;
Two holes for fixing the dial on its upper part;
Of a lateral thread on its upper periphery for fitting inside the (more…)
The perpetual calendar is a watch complication consisting of displaying on a mechanical watch the day of the month (the date ), the month and the position of the year in the cycle of the leap years automatically: the change from the last day of the month to 1 st of the following month does not require any date correction by the user, including February 29 of a leap year .
Perpetual calendar watches were long regarded as masterpieces of watchmaking , so rare. There are now perpetual calendar watches of a more current production and at an affordable price.
The bridge is in timepiece a part forming part of the blank , counteracting one or more axes of the mechanism of movement to the plate .
A mechanical watch generally comprises a barrel bridge which holds the driving member, a gear train bridge and a bridge holding the exhaust wheel . They are sometimes assembled in one piece. The bridge that holds the pendulum is called the cock.
The bridges are likely to be decorated by anglage, engravings or coasts of Geneva. In the case of a skeleton watch , they are hollowed out in order to give more transparency to the (more…)
The watch stones are used in particular for the manufacture of bearings which support the pivots of axes of the wheel in steel . They are then presented (see drawings opposite) in the form of a drilled disc (to hold the pivot in its horizontal axis) or a flat disk applied against a drilled disc (counter-pivot, limiting the ebat in the axis vertical). They also serve as pallets at the anchor (parallelepiped shape), an ellipse fixed on the pendulum which receives the pulse (ellipse, triangle or half cylinder), or much more rarely a friction cylinder in certain cylinder watches (Tube segment).
A regulating or regulating or oscillating member , in timepieces , dispenses the period of time required for its subdivision in seconds , minutes and hours for the indication of the time and the date and any other indication of a desired horological complication . Its headings are:
For clocks and clocks: the foliot, the pendulum;
For mechanical watches: the assembly formed by the balance and the hairspring after the delicate operation of their assembly, called adjustment ;
For electronic watches: it can be a rocker-motor, a sound resonator or a crystal of quartz.
The oscillating weight (also known as the rotor ) of an automatic watch is a component that rotates freely and arms the motor spring . This device allows an automatic wristwatch to continue functioning as long as its owner wears it at the wrist .
In clock making , exhaust is a mechanism generally placed between the energy source ( spring , weight, etc.) and the regulating member. The escapement is to maintain and count the oscillations of the pendulum of a clock or the balance of a watch 1 .
In a gravity clock, it is also intended to contain the acceleration effects due to the gravitas exerted by the weights. When one has the idea of giving the clocks a new engine by using the gravity of solid bodies, one can easily see that these bodies have the same disadvantage as water, that of accelerating (more…)
The purpose of lubricants is to limit the friction between the parts of a watch movement , they are essential to ensure the smooth operation and reliability of the watches .
The development of fats and oils used in watchmaking and their techniques of application are a field in full evolution. Like John Harrison who built his 4 marine chronometers tropical wood, self lubricating, the trend is looking for materials with the same property.
Protecting the movement against moisture and impurities by a perfectly sealed housing is necessary to keep oils and greases fluid .
The draft in horological is the set of unassembled pieces of motion (platinum, bridges, train, winding mechanism and setting the time, setting racket) and marketed in this form.
However, they are not part of the preform, the regulating elements ( exhaust , balance – spring spiral ) and the motor spring .
” 150 th anniversary of the factory Fontainemelon (1793-1943) ,” Rero , The Watch Federation Switzerland, n o 43,, Pp. 1-23 ( read online [ archive ] [ PDF ]) Retraces the technical evolution of the draft.
The date disc is a disc, normally brass , a circular area , part of the draft of a caliber of shows . Once decorated with a background, usually white, and date indications printed, it is housed in an ad-hoc milling of the plate , connected to the movement by its gear .
Date Disc Types
The most common type is not stating that the day of the month, followed by the combination of time and an indication of the month abbreviated to three letters. Other variants offer the indication of the names of days and months in full.
In watchmaking , the crown is a round piece that is turned to raise the watch or put it on time. It is part of the clothing of the watch and as such its design is sometimes very neat. The slice is generally fluted , to facilitate grip, and the back can be engraved with the brand logo.
It is screwed or pushed and adjusts by its barrel in the opposite direction on the winding stem which ensures its sealing.
A crown may be impermeable if its fastening is adjusted by its barrel in the middle part of the box.
In watchmaking , a complication is a function other than the display of time, minutes and seconds. They are particularly sought after by amateurs in mechanical watches .
These functions can be astronomical (phase of the moon , equation of time, perpetual calendar, sunrise and sunset Sun ), practical (chronograph, large bell, minute repeater), technical (Quick Date, second stop) or Improve walking precision (originally the whirlpool ).
Complications are modules added to the movement of the watch. A so-called complicated piece also induces a notion of high watchmaking know-how which is expressed both in the manufacture of the caliber and in the degree (more…)
A dial is generally a flat, circular or rectangular surface with evenly spaced identical numbers or indicia regularly used to display values on measuring instruments , apparatus setting devices, radios , and analog clocks . A specific case is the sundial .
Dial gauge graduated from 0 to 600 bars .
Clock with a watchmaker four (IIII instead of an IV).
The barrel is a thin cylindrical box with a toothed edge that drives the watch’s gear , activated by the unwinding of the motor spring – the barrel spring – that it contains, fixed inside by a central axis .
The energy accumulated by the winding stem or the oscillating weight is thus transmitted to the rest of the movement of the watch.
The balance is a moving part used to regulate the movement of a clockwork mechanism .
Rocker of a clock
Balance with anchor exhaust
Clock mechanism with rocker, Lichtenwalde Castle Clock Museum
The pendulum of a clock is a moving element that is reciprocated in a reciprocating motion. It is horizontal or circular at the beginning and is called foliot or pendulum in current watches. It may also take the form of a pendulum , consisting of a vertical rod, capable of oscillating about a horizontal axis, and having a weight at its low end. This weight is generally in the form of a domed (more…)
Timepiece assortment is the set of parts forming the escapement of any mechanical watch movement transmitting the pulses of the watch regulating member formed by the balance / balance spring assembly . During the development of the watchmaking art, several systems were developed and used. Faced with the development and the competition of movements with organ regulating Quartz , a single mechanical system could survive by its performances.
The anchor assortment
The anchor assortment (of its shape, reminiscent of that of a marine anchor), NIHS 02-04, Chapter 6, section 6.4, is composed of the following three parts:
In horology , a tourbillon , also called “rotating cage,” is a complication watch, added to the mechanism of exhaust , designed to improve the accuracy of mechanical watches by offsetting the disruption of the isochronism of the balance due to gravity earth. This mechanism was invented by the French watchmaker Abraham-Louis Breguet in 1801.
This device is very complex to realize, which is why it equips very few mechanical watches.
Animation of a carousel, variant of the tourbillon
Animation showing the different positions of the vortex and the delaying or accelerating effect of gravity
Abraham-Louis Breguet (1747-1823), a watchmaker for French royalty, worked alongside (more…)
The TAG Heuer Monaco (originally Heuer Monaco ) is a model of automatic mechanical wrist chronograph produced by the Swiss watch brand Heuer in 1969 in reference to the Grand Prix automobile of Monaco .
When it was launched in 1969, the Monaco is a watch that combines blue, white, red, particularly innovative with its square design and angles, while the fashion is with round, flat, gold-plated watches with a white dial. Monaco is the first waterproof square case and the world’s first self-winding mechanical chronograph with the 11-gauge Chronomatic micromotor caliber (12 gauge ) developed with Dubois-Depraz and Hamilton-Buren 1(more…)
The Seiko Quartz Astron-35SQ watch is the first quartz watch in the world, using a quartz oscillator.
It is on the list of the IEEE Milestones grouping together the major advances in electronic engineering.
The Astron was unveiled on In Tokyo after ten years of research and development in Suwa Seikosha (currently Seiko Epson), a Seiko group company . In less than a week 100 gold watches were sold at a retail price of 450,000 yen ( 1,250 US $ ) which at the time represented the equivalent of the price of an average car 1 .
Seiko 5 or Seiko Five is a series of low-cost watches manufactured by the Japanese watch company Seiko . Although they are official Seiko watches, the manufacturer does not present them on its website. The identification of these watches is easy: they have on their dial a badge “5” just below the inscription Seiko.
This range of watches was born in the 1970s from a simple idea that gave it its name: to provide the five essential functions expected of a timepiece. Thus, the Seiko 5:
The Samsung Galaxy Gear is a smartwatch developed by Samsung Electronics and unveiled at the Unpacked 2013 event at the Tempodrom in Berlin . It is intended to be used with a compatible device, essentially the devices of the range Samsung Galaxy turning at least under Android 4.3 .
This one-centimeter and 73.8-gram watch , equipped with a single-core processor running at 800 MHz (the autonomy is 25 hours) is made of solid stainless steel and has a Super AMOLED screen of 320 X 320 pixels (ie 278 dpi) and 1.63 inch (ie 4.14 cm ). Its telephony equipment, is composed of (more…)
The Rolex Oyster Perpetual Submariner is an automatic movement watch manufactured by Rolex . It is designed for diving and is known for its resistance to water. The first Submariner was presented to the public in 1953 1 at the Swiss Watch Fair. It is the first waterproof watch at 100 meters . Today, it is designed to withstand the pressure exerted at 300 meters depth 1 . The Rolex Submariner is part of the Oyster professional collection within the Rolex range.
The Rolex Oyster is a mythical model of automatic movement watch manufactured by Rolex . It is one of the earliest water resistant wrist watches, manufactured in 1927 1 .
After solving the problem of reliability, Hans Wilsdorf began to work on the second major defect of the watches of the time: dust and moisture infiltrated under the dial and the crown, damaging the movement. To remedy this situation, the brand develops and, The Rolex Oyster , the first waterproof watch with a revolutionary crown.
The consumers of the time remain however skeptical as to the faculty of a watch to (more…)
The Rolex Oyster Perpetual GMT-Master is an automatic movement watch manufactured by Rolex . The first GMT-Master was presented to the public in 1954 . Originally developed as a result of a request from the Pan Am 1 who wanted a watch for its pilots on transcontinental flights. The special feature of the GMT is to indicate an additional time zone by means of a 24- hour hand (in green on the image). The Rolex GMT-Master is part of the Oyster Perpetual collection within the Rolex range.
This watch was worn by Chuck Yeager onWhen he established the first passage (more…)
The Rolex Oyster Perpetual Datejust , more simply known as the Datejust is a watch model mechanical with automatic winding manufactured by the watch brand Rolex . When it was launched in 1945, this model was the first wrist watch to offer the date as function 1 , 2 .
The prices of the used Datejust shows an upward trend: the average price increased by 182% in ten years for a yellow gold model 3 .
↑ ( in ) Frank Edwards , Wristwatches: A Connoisseur’s Guide , New York, Firefly, ( ISBN (more…)
The Speedmaster is a chronograph model of the Swiss watch brand Omega . She is known to have been the only watch officially worn on the moon . It is also the only watch to be approved for all NASA 1 manned flights . The Speedmaster is still part of all the missions planned by NASA.
The name Speedmaster comes from the tachymeter bezel of the chronograph. The brand hesitated between Chronomaster , Flightmaster , Speedmaster . The first version of the Speedmaster appeared in 1957 , it was part of a trio of innovations sharing a little the same aesthetics and (more…)
The Omega Seamaster is a range of mechanical or quartz wristwatches produced by the Swiss watchmaker Omega and having as a common point a good waterproofness. The Seamaster introduced in 1948 is based on an evolution of waterproof watches that Omega supplied to English soldiers during the Second World War. It quickly conquers a public attracted by the sporty and elegant aspect of the range. In 1957, the “professional” version with a stainless steel case and bracelet, a 3-hour crown, a rotating bezel and a screwed and engraved bottom of the hippocampus, symbolized by Omega , An immersion resistance ranging from (more…)
The Reverso is an emblematic watch of the Swiss watchmaking brand Jaeger-LeCoultre created in 1931.
The concept that gave birth to the Reverso was born in 1931 in a British polo club in colonial India. César de Trey, a Swiss citizen, luxury watch distributor and close friend of Jacques-David LeCoultre, then crossing the country for business 1 . At the end of a polo match, one of the players – a British army officer – shows Trey his timepiece with broken ice and challenges him to develop a model that is robust enough to withstand the shocks caused by the practice of (more…)
The HP-01 , code-named “Cricket” 1 , was the first watch / calculator from HP and the first small calculator algebraic. This watch, priced at $ 750 for the gold-plated version and $ 650 for the stainless steel version, was produced from 1977 to 1980 2 .
It is a digital electronic wristwatch , a personal calculator, an alarm clock, a stopwatch, a timer, a calendar of two hundred years, and so on. The HP-01 offers the possibility of combining time and calculation functions 3 .
The watch dial has 28 lowercase keys 2 , four of which are raised for faster access: (more…)
Gyromatic ( Greek word γύρος gyros , rotation ‘and automatic’ ) refers to a series of Girard-Perregaux watches produced between 1957 and 1979.
The Gyromatic are self- winding watches . The first models contained 21 or 22 series calibres , with a defined pendulum frequency of 18,000 vibrations per hour. From 1962 onwards, the Gyromatic were fitted with 32 series gauges and their frequency was increased to 21 600 rpm (with the exception of the 32.7 and 32A gauges). The calibers of the 32 and 42 series are based on Anton Schild ‘s AS 1687/1688 calibres . The automatic winding was developed (more…)
G-Shock ( Japaneseジ ー ョ ッ ク ク) is a Japanese watch brand founded in 1983 and belongs to the group Casio . The name G-Shock is the diminutive of Gravitational Shock . These watches are mainly designed for military use 1 , 2 , professional or extreme sports 3 . They are exclusively quartz watches with digital , analog or mixed display , the quartz movement being more precise than mechanical movement .
The first G-Shock was designed by Kikuo Ibe Yuichi Masuda and to equip the workers of the building at a time when the resistance of the watch was (more…)
Cartier Tank is a series of watches of the brand Cartier .
A Renault FT tank.
The first model was designed by Louis Cartier in 1916 1 or 1917 2 . In 1918 , after the First World War , Cartier offered the first copy to General Pershing 3 , then the watch was marketed from 1919 .
This is a square wrist watch , like the Cartier Santos created in 1904 . Its shape, along with the “stretchers” (the horns) in the prolongation of the casing, bring it closer to the appearance of a tank of assault of the time, and in particular (more…)
The Apple Watch is a connected watch unveiled onBy Apple .
It is unveiled at the press conference corresponding traditionally to the launch of new range of iPhone . It has been available for pre-order since April 10, 2015 3 and is marketed since April 24, 2015 4 , 5 . It can be paired with an iPhone . It can be recharged with a new induction connector or a base (not supplied).
In September 2016, Apple launched the release of a new generation of Apple Watch (Series 2).
Genesis and Presentation
The Apple Watch project would have started in 2008 in the (more…)
Futurematic is the name of a series of watches with automatic winding of Jaeger-LeCoultre , produced between 1951 and 1958.
The Futurematic was the first automatic watch without a winding crown . There was only a flat crown at the bottom of the case to adjust the time. The Futurematic was presented in two iterations of the dial and movement , the E501 and E502 . The first model E501 had two small indications with needles to display the power reserve and seconds. The model E501 keeps the calibres K497 , K497 / 1 or KP827 . The E502 version had two (more…)
The “Delirium” is the Swiss watch still holding today the world record of thinness [ref. Necessary] with less than 2 mm total thickness. Designed in 1978, it was marketed from 1979 by only 4 duly selected watch brands.
In 1978, at the height of the Japanese offensive in quartz watches, the Swiss watch industry was still far behind (ref. Required] . It was therefore necessary to react quickly, especially in the competition of then towards thinness, a certain advantage of quartz on mechanical movements. ETA Manufacture Horlogère launched a search for a solution to beat the Japanese on their own ground: to (more…)
The Breitling Navitimer is an automatic movement watch manufactured by Breitling , originally designed for pilots and aviation professionals.
It has a telescope slide rule circular to solve current transactions relating to air navigation : average speed, distance traveled, fuel consumption, rate of climb or descent, converting miles to kilometers or miles nautical for example.
The first Navitimer was presented to the public in 1952 1 .
2 ( en ) http://www.breitling.com/en/models/navitimer/navitimer-01/presentation/index.php# [ archive ]
The Blancpain Fifty Fathoms is one of the most famous models of the Swiss watchmaking company Blancpain .
It is considered the first military diving watch 1 . It was founded in 1953 at the request of Captain Robert Maloubier and Vessel Marshal Claude Riffaud who, a year earlier, created the Combat Swimmers’ Corps, the first French unit of combat swimmers, Then in search of a robust and reliable dive watch, adapted to military requirements 2 . This is how the Fifty Fathoms was born , waterproof to a depth of 50 fathoms, as the name suggests.
The A. Lange & Söhne 1815 or more simply, the 1815 , is a watch of the prestigious German watch manufacturer A. Lange & Söhne . Its name pays tribute to the birth year of the founder of the factory, Ferdinand Adolph Lange, born on In Dresden.
When this model was released in 1995, it was the fifth model of the new era of the company Lange 1 .
↑ ” A. Lange and Söhne 1815: a classic watch and class … simply ” [ archive ] , montres-de-luxe.com, (Accessed in April 2013 )
Zenith is a Swiss watch manufacturer founded in 1865 by Georges Favre-Jacot.
The brand has been part of the luxury group LVMH since 1999 and sells high-quality watches .
History of the manufacture
It was in 1865 , at the age of 22, that Georges Favre-Jacot 1 chose the town of Le Locle to create a watchmaking factory called “Fabrique des Billodes”, named after the district where it is located. Only later did she take the name “Georges Favre-Jacot and C ie“ . Quickly, the company broke with the traditional system of establishment 2 , 3 , Georges Favre-Jacot will be the first (more…)
This article contains a list of watch companies , ie companies that manufacture time measuring instruments , called “timekeeping” and in the current “watch” language (sometimes “wristwatch”, “watch” Or “gusset watch”).
Year of foundation
Place of creation
Montilier Watch Co
1852 / 1931
Aktiengesellschaft für Uhrenfabrikation Lenzkirch (AGUL)
Ignaz Schöpperle and Eduard Hauser
A. Lange & Söhne
Ferdinand Adolph Lange
American Waltham Watch Company
David Davis, Edward Howard and Aaron Lufkin Dennison
Ice-Watch is a watch brand created in 2006 by the Belgian Jean-Pierre Lutgen. The brand wants to enter the market of entry-level watches, offering them with several colors from the pallet of the polymer industry. Ice-Watch offers a range of more than 500 references that are all equipped with the Miyota precision movement or a Seiko movement for the Ice ranges and its variations as well as a seal of 10 ATM.
The brand Ice-Watch was born in Belgium in December 2006 under the impetus of a Belgian entrepreneur, Jean-Pierre Lutgen. At the time, he runs a company active in promotional items (more…)
Carl F. Bucherer is a company Swiss of watches based in Lucerne .
Since its creation in 1888, the company is the exclusive property of the Bucherer family In 2015, the company is led by a member of the 3 th generation of the family, Jörg G. Bucherer, as chairman of the board of Administration 1 .
Carl F. Bucherer watches are distinguished by their additional functions, such as chronograph , flyback function, tachometer or tourbillon , as well as displays and indicators, such as large date and day, reserve walking, viewing 24 hours of the moon phases, three time zones, calendar and (more…)
Zeno-Watch Basel is a Swiss watch manufacturer created in 1868 by Jules Godat, a native of La Chaux-de-Fonds ( canton of Neuchâtel ).
In 1917 , André-Charles Eigeldinger resumed watchmaking Godat 2 . He specialized in the production of military watches, computational watches and pocket watches in silver, gold and platinum. Eigeldinger & Fils (EBOSA SA) registered the trademark in 1922 under the name of ZENO.
In 1966 , the factory was bought by Félix W. Huber and moved to Basel .
The company ZENO-WATCH BASEL is now specializing in the manufacture of watches Pilot ( aviation ) mechanical caliber (up to 55 mm (more…)
ZEADES Monte Carlo SARL is a Monaco watch and jewelery company founded in 2004 by Danielle Devreese and Frederic Brega. The jewelry is mainly made of leather hand- worked in the Principality of Monaco, while the pieces are assembled in Hong Kong .
The company is experiencing its beginnings in exports, particularly duty-free , mainly thanks to a sales strategy mainly targeting Europe and the Middle East ( Qatar , Kuwait , Saudi Arabia ). Distributed in over 65 countries, she opened her first store in spring 2017 at the drugstore of the Casino de Paris in Monaco.
Yonger & Bresson is a French watch brand created in 1975 1 , based in Morteau in the Doubs .
Established in 1975, the Yonger & Bresson brand offers automatic watches 2 .
The Ambre group, owner of the brand, decided to give it a new boost with the creation of this movement House. Yonger & Bresson unveils for the occasion of Baselworld 2011 a first movement Home entirely conceived, elaborated and assembled in Morteau , in Doubs 3 . Available in three versions in the year of its launch, it equips a new collection of six lines, each of which bears (more…)
Vostok Europe is a brand of watches that debuted in 2004. These watches are assembled by the Lithuanian company KoLiz-Vostok Vilnius , and are intended for the market of Western Europe and North America .
The first Vostok Europe watches received a Russian Vostok movement . Later, the company began to use Japanese manufacturing movements. Then the Lunokhod-2 model is launched at Baselworld 2012 with a movement manufactured by Switzerland’s Soprod, a subsidiary of the Festina Group 1 . This model, a limited edition of 3000 copies, uses tritium tubes mounted vertically to indicate hours, and an automatic pressure balancing valve for (more…)
Slava ( Russian : Слава , signifying glory ) is a Soviet brand then Russian brand produced by the Second Muscovite Watch Factory 1 .
Slava watch designed for doctors
In the Soviet era the Slava watches were very much appreciated by the Soviet people for their sturdiness. This reliability will bring the brand to be exported to other countries of the Eastern Bloc 2 .
The history of the brand begins in 1924 with the creation of the Second Muscovite Watch Factory. Beginning in the 1950s, the factory began to diversify its production by launching the design of mechanical watches, alarm clocks, and (more…)
Rip Curl is a company Australian of clothing , accessories and equipment surfing , founded by two surfers Torquay (Australia) (near Geelong ) that began modestly by making their own wetsuits in their garden. The company is still based in Torquay and its European subsidiary is located in Soorts-Hossegor, France .
Rip Curl is now one of the leading brands in the world of surfing and sponsors a large number of professional surfers and competitions like the Rip Curl Pro.
Rip Curl Europe is the European subsidiary, created in 1983, by Fred Basse and François Payot.
Mondaine Watch Ltd. Is an independent manufacturer of Swiss watches created in 1951. The company is based in Zurich with its watchmaking workshops located in Biberist .
Since 1986, Mondaine has been manufacturing and distributing the official watches of Swiss Federal Railways or SBB throughout the world. Indeed, CFF SBB and FFS are indicated under the Mondaine logo on the dial (SBB being the translation in German and FFS, the Italian translation of CFF). The Mondaine watches take the design dial created in 1944 by Hans Hilficker to equip the 3,000 Clocks of the Swiss Railway Stations. With the famous red second (more…)
JeanRichard is a Swiss watch manufacturer claiming the legacy of Daniel Jeanrichard .
As early as 1679, aged fourteen, Daniel Jeanrichard took an interest in watchmaking and studied the mechanism of a broken-down English watch. Two years later, this self-taught artist founds his own workshop in the Neuchâtel region of Switzerland. Considered a pioneer of watchmaking in the region, he designed the tools and machinery necessary to manufacture watches and passes on his knowledge to his offspring 1 .
In 1988, the studio was bought by the group Sowind allowing the brand to expand internationally 1 .
Partner of the Arsenal football club since (more…)
HYT is a watch manufacturer founded by Lucien Vouillamoz.
The idea of Lucien Vouillamoz behind HYT is to create mechanical watches precision with the peculiarity of having the time with fluids instead of needles 1 .
Several models are available. The H1 is the first model produced in 2012, it is the first hybrid mechanical-fluidic wristwatch 1 .
Then comes the H2 and the Skull. H3 is shown for the living room Baselworld in March 2015, is a rectangular pattern of 62 by 41 mm , titanium, displaying the time with a transverse rotating segment with four faces indicating ranges of six consecutive hours (more…)
Frédérique Constant is a factory luxury Swiss watchmaker based in Plan-les-Ouates, Geneva . The company was founded in 1988 by two enthusiasts, Aletta Bax and Peter Stas.
Aletta Bax and Peter Stas launched their first collection in 1992, consisting of six models equipped with Swiss movements and assembled by a Geneva watchmaker .
In 1994, the Maison designed its first ” Heart Beat ” watch , the aim of which was to highlight the mechanical nature of these watches thanks to a window made at the level of the balance wheel. Focused on its development, the company does not think to protect the (more…)
Daniel Wellington AB is a Swedish watch company founded in 2011 by Filip Tysander. Daniel Wellington watches are known for their elegance and minimalist style [réf. Necessary] as well as their nylon NATO bracelets , although these may also be associated with leather bracelets .
The company quickly achieved remarkable success [ref. required] , thanks to strong digital strategy and a strong presence on social networks 1 such that Instagram where the brand has over 2.9 million subscribers 2 .
The watches are manufactured in China and are equipped with Japanese quartz movement brand Miyota 3 , 4 . They are located (more…)
Baume & Mercier , is a company Swiss of watches of luxury founded in 1830, part of the luxury conglomerate Richemont .
Baume & Mercier was founded in 1830 by the brothers Louis-Victor and Célestin Baume, who opened their watch trade in ” Les Bois “, a village in the canton of Jura . The Swiss watch manufacturer took off at the international level by establishing a branch of the name “Baume Brothers” in London in 1851, which led to its expansion through the British Empire . At the end of the xix th century , the company had built a solid (more…)
121TIME was created in 2001 by Daniel Morf, Frédéric Polli and Jean-Loup Ribordy. Since its foundation, the company, whose watch company based in Martigny is called Factory121, becomes a member of the Federation of the Swiss watch industry . In 2004, the company won the Master of Swiss Web 1 award .
121TIME has applied the principle of mass customization for the production of Swiss made watches . In the first four years after its creation in 2001, the company sold 4,300 watches 2 .
In the image Nike with its footwear division NikeID (in) , 121TIME (more…)
88 rue du Rhône , stylized 88 RUE DU RHONE , is an independent Swiss company producing and distributing luxury watches, founded in 2012 by Elie Bernheim and Pierre Bernheim. The son of the Swiss watchmaker Raymond Weil , they installed the brand at La Chaux-de-Fonds where their collections are manufactured 1 , 2 .
The name 88 rue du Rhône is inspired by the street of the same name located in Geneva , as well as the river (the Rhone ) which flows through the city 3 , 4 , 5 , 6 .
The running clock , also called watchwinder in English, is a system to artificially recharge a mechanical watch with automatic winding .
These watch movements are equipped with a mass that rotates about an axis, generally located on the bottom of the case. With each movement of the mass, a system of ratchets stores the energy produced in a spring which feeds the movement of the balance, rotating the pinions of the watch. This type of device is useful for watch collectors who want to change every day of the stopwatch without having to restart them every morning, which may seem simple (more…)
A helium valve or helium valve is a feature found on some dive watches .
It makes it possible to evacuate the helium atoms which could have infiltrated the inside of the case of the watch during certain very prolonged dives, the dives called “saturation” where the divers breathe a gas mixture of Helium and Oxygen, Thus avoiding some of the detrimental effects of nitrogen at high pressure and allowing them to remain for several days inside a bell or submarine station.
However, during the ascent, the decompression of the divers can take place faster than the degassing of the helium contained in (more…)
Rolex founded in 1905 by Hans Wilsdorf , is a company Swiss manufacturing, distributing and selling watches of luxury . Its flagship Oyster ( “oyster” in English ) has existed since 1945. With a turnover of 4.5 billion CHF in 2012, it is the first global brand of luxury watches at Omega and Breitling 2 .
The history of Rolex is closely linked to that of the Wilsdorf family 3 , 4 . It begins with the alliance of the British commercial know-how with the Swiss industrial quality areas that make the reputation of both countries at the beginning of xx th(more…)
In watches , the power reserve designates the time that the mechanism of a mechanical watch can continue to operate without it being raised or carried, for automatic watches . The term applies only to watches drawing their energy from the tension of a spring as opposed to those operating with a battery.
Most of the mechanisms have a power reserve of about 40 hours. Others, more complex, display several days of autonomy. Finally, some watches have a complication , ie a small dial that indicates the power reserve in the manner of a fuel gauge or power.
A ” repetition ” is a mechanism in a watch that sounds the time on demand when activating a pusher or lock. This is a type of horological complication .
There are several types of repetitions that allow you to listen to the time with varying degrees of precision – from simple “repeating to shifts” (sounding only hours and shifts) to ” minute repeat “, which indicates the time to the minute , Using distinct tones for hours, shifts and minutes.
By metonymy, a minute repeat may designate a watch itself equipped with this mechanism.
Born before the widespread use of electricity, these watches (more…)
A self-winding watch is a mechanical watch whose reassembly is carried out by a mechanism that allows to reset the spring of the barrel during the wearing of the watch. Thus the movements carried out by the wearer store energy which activates the movement of the watch. An automatic watch has a power reserve , which varies according to the model, before stopping. People who wish to keep several watches in operation without having to wear them can make use of a clock .
A fully automatic watch is always less precise than a quartz watch but often loves more lovers of (more…)
A skeleton watch is a mechanical or quartz watch , where the inside of the case and its moving parts are visible on the front or back of the watch.
The term skeleton comes from the fact that one sees the interior, the equivalent of the skeleton if one makes a comparison with man. This presents a minimalist aspect of the movement allowing the watch to operate.
Some manufacturers and models of skeleton watches:
The mechanical movement watch , or mechanical watch , is a type of watch commonly composed of movement and clothing within a case . The reassembly making it possible to give the operating energy to the watch can be carried out manually or automatically by the movements of the wearer of the watch. Before the appearance of watches with solar energy, it was distinguished from the watch with electronic movement or quartz by its absence of battery. It is distinguished from quartz solar watches by its absence of battery.
A pocket watch is a type of pocket watch , the gusset being the name of the small pocket of the vest for this purpose. Watches are usually attached to the vest by a chain or ribbon and are often provided with a lid. The crown and the time adjustment wheel are located at twelve hours in the ring.
This is the most widespread model watch until the beginning of xx th century, wristwatches then being essentially aimed at female customers.
A diving watch is a watch designed for scuba diving which has as characteristic a waterproofing greater than ten atm , the equivalent of 100 meters . The typical diving watch has a waterproofing of about 200 or 300 meters , although modern technology allows the construction of diving watches that can go to a much greater depth 1 with a record at 12’000 meters theoretical for the Rolex Deepsea Challenge (it is actually down to 10’908 in the Mariana trench) 2 .
Modern dive watches conform to ISO 6425, which defines the standards and characteristics of watches suitable for diving with (more…)
A clock or watch with a tide-gauge has an instrument to indicate the time and condition of the tide at a given place on the coast.
This function is useful to a fairly limited public: fishermen, boaters , walkers and bathers from the seashores, so that the diffusion of watches tideographers remained limited to a few brands addressing a confidential public.
With the development of surfing , the demand for watches with tide gauges began to become important, new models were created from the mid-1980s by manufacturers of accessories and surf equipment.
With the development of the Internet and mobile phones, instant access to (more…)