The navaja is a traditional Spanish folding-blade fighting and utility knife. One of the oldest folding knife patterns still in production, the first true navajas originated in the Andalusian region of southern Spain. In Spain, the term navaja is often used to generally describe all folding-blade knives.

The etymology of the word navaja is derived from the Latin novacula, meaning razor, and the Andalusian knife known as the navaja is thought to have derived from the navaja de afeitar, or straight razor used for shaving. Like the straight razor, the ”navaja’s” blade folds into the handle when not in use. A popular (more…)

Zebra (pen manufacturer)

Zebra Co., Ltd. is a Japanese manufacturer of writing instruments. Zebra Pen Corporation (the US subsidiary) was founded in New York in 1982 as an independent wholly-owned company by Zebra Co. Ltd. The company sells a wide range of pens, pencils and highlighters in retail stores, wholesalers and mail order. The Zebra Pen Corporation offers a range of writing instruments including ballpoint pens, gel pens, rollerball pens, ink pens, mechanical pencils and highlighters.

The Zebra brand was adopted in 1914. Legend has it that Mr. Ishikawa, founder of Zebra Co. Ltd., wanted a company name that would be memorable and appropriate for (more…)


The Yard-O-Led Pencil Company was founded in London, England in 1934 by a Mr Brenner to produce his patent propelling pencils which contained twelve three inch leads (that is to say, 36 inches or a yard of lead). After the Second World War the company merged with Sampson Mordan Ltd whose founder had patented the first mechanical pencil in 1822.

They built a new factory in Birmingham and took over Edward Baker Ltd, another pencil maker. Until 2015, the company was part of the Letts Filofax Group, and has now re-established itself as Imperial Yard Ltd. Yard-O-Led continues to produce expensive fountain (more…)

Samuel D. Wonders

Samuel D. Wonders (1890-1980), a consulting engineer and ink manufacturer, was president of the Carter’s Ink Company in Cambridge, Mass., From 1949 to 1955.

Samuel Driscoll Wonders was born on July 30, 1890 in Bellefontaine, Ohio, son of James Crewe Wonders and Nancybelle (Spellman) Wonders. He attended the University of Wisconsin-Madison, and received a B.S. in 1913.

From 1913 to 1929, Samuel D. Wonders worked as an industrial engineer for various companies in Ohio and Massachusetts, the best known being Firestone Tire and Rubber Company.

Samuel D. Wonders went to work for Carter’s Ink in 1929 as an industrial engineer and was elected to (more…)

Waterman pens

The Waterman pen company is a major manufacturer of luxury fountain pens. Established in 1884 in New York City by Lewis Edson Waterman, it is one of the few remaining first-generation fountain pen companies, as Waterman S.A.. Since 2000 it has been owned by the American group Newell Brands subsidiary Sanford L.P.

Lewis Edson Waterman’s entry into fountain pen manufacturing has only recently been properly researched. Waterman was working as a pen salesman in New York for a new company founded in the spring of 1883 by a volatile inventor named Frank Holland. Holland abandoned his company after only six weeks; Waterman (more…)

Visconti (company)

Visconti is an Italian manufacturing company of fine fountain pens, ballpoint pens, and rollerball pens. Other products are jewels, watches, and accessories. The company was founded in 1988 in Florence by Dante Del Vecchio and Luigi Poli, collectors of fountain pens for many years. Their products represented the rediscovery and relaunch of celluloid as the material for fountain pens. In 2009, Visconti reached a deal with Coles of London (actually based in North Carolina), whereby Coles became the official distributor of Visconti products in the United States. Together, they have recently launched a range of new products, including the Rembrandt Collection, (more…)


Tombow is a Japanese manufacturer of office supplies. The company was founded in 1913 as Messrs Tombow and has since grown into an international business. Based in Tokyo with 397 employees, Tombow also has two overseas production facilities in Thailand and Vietnam. Tombow Thailand is the first overseas factory of Tombow with 425 employees (December 2007) and 6,480 square meters building area.

Tombow’s range of products include:

Mono is one of Tombow’s most popular product lines. It comprises different types of pencils, erasers, and correction tapes. Some product examples include the Mono plastic eraser (see image), the Mono Graph pencil, and the Mono (more…)

Société Bic

Société BIC S.A., commonly referred to simply as BIC and stylized as BiC, is a corporation based in Clichy, France best known for making ballpoint pens. It was founded in 1945 by Baron Marcel Bich and has become known for making disposable consumer products such as lighters, razors, mechanical pencils, and printed paper products.

In 1970, Gillette purchased S. T. Dupont Paris whose principal product was luxury cigarette lighters. During this time Dupont explored the possibilities of marketing a disposable lighter, developing an inexpensive disposable lighter called Cricket, which it introduced in the United States in 1972. Later that year Bic was (more…)


Sheaffer Pen Corporation (ʃeɪfɜː) is a manufacturer of writing instruments, particularly luxury fountain pens. The company was founded by Walter A. Sheaffer in Fort Madison, Iowa, and incorporated in 1913 to exploit his invention of a lever-filling fountain pen. The brand was sold by French parent company Bic to A. T. Cross Company in August, 2014.

In 1912, Walter A. Sheaffer took his idea of a pen-filling apparatus that utilized a lever system and, with his life savings, founded the W.A. Sheaffer Pen Company in Fort Madison, Iowa. The company was established in the backroom of Mr. Sheaffer’s jewelry store with seven (more…)


Rotring (stylized rOtring) is a German company of writing and drafting instruments based in Hamburg.

The company was founded in 1928 as Tintenkuli Handels GmbH. The first product of the company was the Tintenkuli, a pen-pen with a narrow steel tube instead of a conventional pen. While stylistic pens were already prevalent in America and were in fact conventional fountain pens prior to these, they were not marketed in Europe and Rotring would become the name associated with these pens worldwide. “Rot Ring” translates directly to the red ring – which is still placed around the barrel of their pens today.

The name (more…)


Quink (a portmanteau word from ‘quick’ and ‘ink’) is a fountain pen ink developed by the Parker Pen Company. It was introduced in 1931 and has remained in production ever since.

In 1928, under the direction of Kenneth Parker, the Parker Pen Company set out to develop a new and improved fountain pen ink. Inferior inks had long been the main cause of clogged fountain pens, yet popular ink formulations had remained unchanged in decades. Research for the project was initially outsourced to Miner Laboratories of Chicago. In August 1930 one of the lead chemists, Galen Sayler, was hired directly and put (more…)


Pelikan is a German manufacturer of fountain pens and other writing, office and art equipment. Credited with the invention of the differential-piston filling method, the original company was founded in Hanover in 1832 before it went bankrupt and restarted. Pelikan A.G. is now a Swiss incorporated subsidiary of Pelikan International. The notable history of Pelikan began with the model “100” and the modified 100N (both fountain pens), which sparked the genesis of the company’s distinctive styling. Pelikan is notable for its lack of innovation in pen manufacturing, preserving the then innovative methods and styles of its founding company. Pelikan’s newer lines (more…)

Onoto pens

Onoto was a brand of fountain pen manufactured by De La Rue from 1905 until 1958. The brand was relaunched in 2005 by The Onoto Pen Company Limited.

In the autumn of 1905, Thomas De La Rue and Company Limited, printers of bank notes and stamps to the commonwealth, launched a self-filling fountain pen guaranteed not to leak – the Onoto Patent Self-filling Pen. It had a patented new “plunger filler” system that filled the pen using a vacuum on the down-stroke of a piston, and included a cut-off valve to prevent leakage. This design was to feature prominently in the many (more…)


OMAS was an Italian manufacturer of writing instruments, fountain pens, ink and related luxury goods, founded in 1925 and put in liquidation in January 2016. Their products were in the upper price range of writing instruments and had always been manufactured in their factory located in Bologna, Italy. OMAS stands for Officina Meccanica Armando Simoni. The company was founded by Armando Simoni, who also designed the tools and equipment needed to manufacturer the OMAS line of pens. OMAS manufactured a variety of pens, the top line being the faceted Arte Italiana range, as well as a variety of limited edition pens. (more…)


OHTO CO., LTD.(オート株式会社)is a Japanese pen manufacturing company selling the “OHTO” brand. The company was established in 1929 as a manufacturer of dyes and ink. In 1949, the company became famous as a pen manufacturer after they manufactured the world’s first ball point pen with chrome ball. This was also Japan’s first ballpoint pen.

Since then, the company have introduced writing instruments such as the Roller Pen, Ceramic Roller Pen, Single blocked strong needle tip, and Needle tipped soft ink roller pen, Ceramic Roller Pen, Ceramic refill (C-300 series), Soft Ink Roller Pen, Free Ink Roller Pen, and Promecha drafting pencil


Namiki is a Japanese brand of fountain pens and other writing equipment. Namiki is most famous for their maki-e (lacquer work) designs on urushi.

Namiki is the surname of Ryosuke Namiki, the founder of the Pilot, named Namiki Manufacturing Company until 1938 when it became Pilot Pen Co., Ltd.. The brand name Namiki came to fame in the early 20th Century when Dunhill retailed in the west the Maki-e pens produced by Pilot under the brand Dunhill-Namiki. This partnership has continued to the present day (occasionally Namiki makes a Limited Edition for Dunhill) although Namiki has always been owned by Pilot. Namiki’s (more…)


Montegrappa is an Italian company of luxury products. Its full name is Elmo & Montegrappa S.p.A.. It is the owner of the Tibaldi brand.

Montegrappa was founded under the slogan “Manifattura pennini d’oro e penne stilografiche” (“Maker of gold nibs and fountain pens”) in 1912. Its products are still manufactured in the original factory on the river Brenta, in Bassano del Grappa—near Vicenza, in the North-East of Italy. During the First World War Bassano was a centre of military operations. Among the many soldiers who used the company’s pens (Elmo at that time) for their correspondence were two celebrated 20th-century writers, Ernest (more…)


Meisterstück (German for masterpiece) is the flagship line of pens from luxury brand Montblanc. Although principally concerned with writing instruments, the brand has of late used the Meisterstück name in association with members of its diversified product range including watches, jewelry and leather goods.

The first Montblanc to be branded a Meisterstück was produced in 1924 to denote the then Simplo company’s top-line range of writing instruments. Beginning initially with Safety Filling pens, the Meisterstück name continued to denote the company’s top line of writing instruments bearing warranted nibs and offering higher grade features than other models, such as the incorporation of (more…)

Macniven and Cameron

Macniven and Cameron Ltd., later known as Waverley Cameron Ltd., was a printing and stationery company based in Edinburgh, Scotland. The company was best known for its feathers, the “Pickwick”, the “Owl” and the “Waverley”, which were sold under doggerel advertising:

In 1770, Nisbet MacNiven established a paper manufacturing business in Balerno, outside of Edinburgh. The company quickly diversified into stationery and moved to the premises of Blair Street in Edinburgh’s Old Town. In the 1840s, brothers John and Donald Cameron became involved and the company became Macniven and Cameron. The feather “Waverley” was invented by Duncan Cameron, another brother, and was (more…)


Lamy is a producer of writing instruments in Europe. The company is German-owned. Josef Lamy, who was a sales representative for The Parker Pen Company in Germany, founded the business in 1930 by purchasing the Orthos pen manufacturer. Lamy was a pioneer in the use of moulded synthetic plastics to make their product. Lamy was run by Josef Lamy’s son, Manfred Lamy, until his retirement in 2006. He was succeeded by Bernhard M. Rösner.

In 1984, newspapers reported that Lamy’s export share increased to 33 percent of turnover. In 1986, Lamy, Montblanc, and Parker held among them 70–80 percent of the West (more…)

Kores (company)

Kores is a leading international brand of school and office products best known for solid glue sticks, dry correction tapes and Kolores coloured pencils. Kores was founded in 1887 by Wilhelm Koreska, the great-grandfather of Clemens Koreska, the current president of Kores Group. The worldwide HQ of Kores is based in Vienna, Austria and its main offices are in Czech Republic (Prague), Germany (Rommerskirchen), Mexico (Mexico City), Colombia (Bogotá) and Venezuela (Caracas). Kores has 2 key production facilities in Mexico City and Strmilov (Czech Republic). The iconic Kores dactylo was also portrayed on the cover poster of the Pedro Almodóvar’s movie (more…)

Koh-i-Noor Hardtmuth

Koh-i-Noor Hardtmuth a.s. is a Czech manufacturer and one of the world’s largest producers and distributors of art supplies, writing equipment and stationery. It was founded in 1790 by Joseph Hardtmuth of Austria. In 1802, the company patented the first pencil lead made from a combination of kaolin and graphite. In 1848, Joseph’s sons, Karl and Ludwig, took over the family business, and the production was relocated to the Bohemian town of Budweis, within the current Czech Republic. The products were given awards in many world exhibitions, including in 1855 in New York City, 1856, 1900 and 1925 in Paris, 1862 (more…)

S. T. Dupont

S.T. Dupont is a Paris-based brand name and manufacturer of lighters, collectible pens, handbags, perfumes (produced under license by Interparfums), cigarettes (made by Philip Morris International), and recently other gadgets using the trademark diamond-head pattern. The company has been producing luxury items since its founding in 1872. The founder of the brand, Simon Tissot-Dupont, was born in Savoy in 1847, and the company owes its initials to him.

Simon Tissot-Dupont founded a carriage company which was destroyed in a fire in 1872. The same year, he bought a workshop which made leather briefcases for diplomats and businessmen. In 1884, Dupont became the (more…)


KaWeCo (Federhalter-Fabrik Koch, Weber & Co) is a manufacturer of writing instruments based in Heidelberg, Germany. The company was founded in 1883 as Heidelberger Federhalterfabrik. After the First World War, the company began producing its own gold spikes to reduce their reliance on imported American components. The economic crisis of 1928 put the company in danger and it declared bankruptcy in 1929. In 1929, the company was bought by Badischen Füllfederfabrik Worringen und Grube.

He became one of the first German manufacturers to use injection molding. In the early 1930s, the company began producing piston-filled fountain pens, and continued production on a (more…)

Charles Henry Ingersoll

Charles Henry Ingersoll (October 29, 1865 – September 21, 1948), co-founded the Ingersoll Watch Company in 1892.

He was born on October 29, 1865 in Delta, Michigan to Orville Boudinot Ingersoll and Mary Elizabeth Beers. His brother was Robert Hawley Ingersoll (1859-1928). He married Eleanor Ramsey Bond (1869-1928). He co-founded the Ingersoll Watch Company in 1892. The company went bankrupt in 1921. He switched to manufacturing fountain pens. In 1926 he converted his home in Montclair, New Jersey into a hotel. He died on September 21, 1948 in West Orange, New Jersey. He was buried in Mount Hebron Cemetery in Upper Montclair, (more…)


Faber-Castell is one of the world’s largest and oldest manufacturers of pens, pencils, other office supplies (e.g., staplers, slide rules, erasers, rulers) and art supplies, as well as high-end writing instruments and luxury leather goods. Headquartered in Stein, Germany, it operates 14 factories and 20 sales units throughout the globe. The Faber-Castell Group employs a staff of approximately 7,000 and does business in more than 100 countries. The House of Faber-Castell is the family which founded and continues to exercise leadership within the corporation.

There are about 14 manufacturing plants (in 10 countries) which mainly manufacture writing instruments.

Founded in 1761 at Stein (more…)

Deli (company)

Deli Company (Chinese:得力; pinyin: dé lì, anglicized /dәˈliː/) is an office supplies and stationery manufacturer based in Ningbo, Zhejiang, China. Deli is a well-known brand in China, thanks to its national advertisement campaign that is broadcast on CCTV, inviting Yang Lan to participate as the brand ambassador. The company claims to be the leader in China’s stationery market, selling its products to more than 45,000 stores nationwide. Deli also leads the industry’s e-commerce business through a strong presence on Tmall and

The company was established as a private enterprise in 1988 in Ninghai, China. In 1988, Deli began manufacturing pen stands, (more…)

A. T. Cross Company

AT. Cross Company is an American company that manufactures and distributes writing instruments, magazines and accessories.

The company was founded in 1846 in Providence, Rhode Island. Initially, she made gold and silver sheaths for pencils, reflecting the Cross family’s history as jewelers. The company was founded by Richard Cross, who passed it on to his son, Alonzo T. Cross. The company has developed many new innovative writing instruments, including the precursors of modern mechanical pencils and the first stylistic pens. In the 1960s, the company moved its headquarters to a large facility (approximately 155,000 square feet) in Lincoln, Rhode Island. After being (more…)

Conway Stewart

Conway Stewart & Company Ltd was a British manufacturer of writing instruments, founded in 1905 by Frank Jarvis and Thomas Garner in London.

Jarvis and Garner had previously worked for the De La Rue Company, the leading British fountain pen manufacturer of the time. Drawing on the experience they had gained at De La Rue, the two started their own business, initially reselling fountain pens manufactured by other companies. The name “Conway Stewart” was apparently derived from a popular music hall act of the time. The fountain pen market in Britain at that time was dominated by De La Rue and it (more…)

Cartier (jeweler)

Société Cartier (; ) is a French luxury goods conglomerate company which designs, manufactures, distributes, and sells jewellery and watches. Founded in Paris, France, in 1847 by Louis-François Cartier, the company remained under family control until 1964. The company maintains its headquarters in Paris, although it is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Compagnie Financière Richemont SA in Switzerland. Cartier is known for its jewelry and wristwatches. Cartier has a long history of sales to royalty. For example, Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge, has been seen wearing the Cartier Ballon Bleu watch. King Edward VII of England referred to Cartier (more…)

Carter’s Ink Company

” Carter’s Ink Company ” ‘was a manufacturer of ink and related products, in Boston and later in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States. It used to be the largest ink manufacturer in the world.

The William Carter Company, a forerunner of Carter’s Ink, was founded in 1858 by the bookseller William Carter of Boston who, to complete his paper sales, began repackaging the inks of other companies and selling them under his own name. In 1860, William Carter’s brother, Edward Carter, joined the company and the company became known as “William Carter and Bro”. The civil war has turned Carter’s main ink supplier (more…)

Richard B. Carter

Ink manufacturer Richard B. Carter (1877-1949) was president of the Carter’s Ink Company in Boston and Cambridge, Massachusetts, from 1903 to 1949.

Richard Burrage Carter was born on April 8, 1877 in West Newton, Massachusetts, son of John W. Carter, the head of Careter’s Ink, and Helen (Burrage) Carter, his wife. He attended Harvard, where he became a member of Phi Beta Kappa and received an A.B. in 1898 and a master’s degree in 1899.

Richard B. Carter was still in college when his father died and was not ready to take over Carter’s Ink. He completed his studies at Harvard and went (more…)

John W. Carter

John W. Carter was a partner in Carter’s Ink Company in Boston and later Cambridge, Massachusetts, from 1865 until his death by drowning in 1895. The firm was founded by his cousin, William Carter. His son, Richard B. Carter ran the company from 1905 until his death in 1949. The company was sold in 1975 to Dennison Manufacturing Company, now Avery Dennison Corporation. The Carter’s brand name survives on some of its products.

Caran d’Ache (company)

” ‘Caran d’Ache’ ” is a Swiss manufacturer of school, office, art and luxury writing instruments.

The Geneva Fabrique  crayons was founded in Geneva in 1915 when Arnold Schweitzer bought the Ecridor pencil factory. In 1924, Arnold Schweitzer named his new company after Caran d’Ache, nickname of the French satirical political cartoonist Emmanuel Poiré (which in turn takes its name from karandash (karandash), the Russian word for pencil).

In 1929, Carl Schmid invented the Fixpencil, one of the first Caran d’Ache mechanical pencils. Caran d’Ache launches his watercolor pen Prismalo in 1931 and his wax pastel Neocolor in 1952. In 1969, he creates (more…)


Ballograf AB is a Swedish manufacturer of ballpoint pens and mechanical pencils. Ballograf manufactures its products from raw materials to the finished product at its Gothenburg factory.

Ballograf produces more than 4 million writing instruments a year, with only 30 employees. Fifty percent of its production is consumed in the Scandinavian countries, while the other half is exported worldwide, mainly to Western Europe.

In 1945, two Austrians, Eugen Spitzer and Victor Reich, founded a company in Göteborg to sell office supplies with the help of Friedrich Schaechter, a young Austrian inventor. The manufacture of ballpoint pens began with Schaechter’s small-scale experiments in a (more…)

Aurora (pen manufacturer)

Aurora is an Italian manufacturer of fine writing instruments, fountain pens, paper and leather goods, founded in 1919 by a rich textile merchant. Their products represent the first true Italian fountain pens and are still manufactured in their original factory in Turin, northern Italy. It has made the Aurora diamanté limited edition diamond embedded pen priced at around 1.46 million US Dollars. It is embedded with 2000 diamonds.

Alfred Dunhill Ltd.

Alfred Dunhill Limited (known and stylised as dunhill) is a British luxury goods brand, specialising in ready-to-wear, custom and bespoke menswear, leather goods, and accessories. The company is based in London, where it also owns and operates a leather workshop. The company is currently owned by Richemont and managed by CEO Andrew Maag.

The business was developed by Alfred Dunhill after he inherited his father’s saddlery business on London’s Euston Road at the age of 21 in 1893. Alfred Dunhill, responding to the growing demand for automobiles at this time, developed a line of accessories called “Dunhill’s Motorities”. This first collection included (more…)

Linc Pen & Plastics Limited

Linc Pen & Plastics Limited is an Indian stationery manufacturing company based in Kolkata, India. Linc Pen manufactures and markets various writing products. Linc Pen & Plastics Limited is listed on NSE, BSE and CSE. Linc Pen was established in 1976 by Mr. Soorajmal Jalan and is currently headed by Mr. Deepak Jalan. Linc Pen & Plastics Limited has an exclusive license to distribute and market uni-ball products in India. It also sold Lamy & Cruiser pens in India. Linc Pen Manufactures & markets Gel Pen, Ball Pen, Fountain pen, Stationery, Notebook & Files, Folders. Office Linc & Just Linc are (more…)

Heintze & Blanckertz

Heintze & Blanckertz was the first German manufacturer of immersion pens. It was founded in 1842 in Oranienburg near Berlin. Today the company is located in Wehrheim near Frankfurt.

“Heintze & Blanckertz – erste deutsche Schreibfederfabrik” was founded in 1842. The dip pens were important because the only other writing tool was the pen. The company sold its products in its own offices in Berlin, Leipzig and Frankfurt. Since the 1920s, the company has collaborated with famous designers such as Rudolf Koch, Paul Renner and Edward Johnston and has developed into the arts and crafts sector. In 1926, Heintze & Blanckertz started (more…)

Parker Vacumatic

The Parker Vacumatic fountain pen was launched in 1932, and would come to sell the Parker Duofold, the bestseller of the time. The pen was originally marketed as the Golden Arrow, a reference to the new arrow clip, but has again been replaced by Vacuum Filler in reference to its action of filling the ink tank. The Vacumatic presented a brand new filling mechanism that took 5 years to develop at a cost of $ 125,000. Parker boasted of the model to be the first self-filling bag without which, although not quite true, the filling mechanism was still a great innovation. (more…)

Parker Jointless

The Parker Jointless “Lucky Curve” is a range of fountain pens released by the Parker Pen Company in 1898. The pen used the Lucky Curve ink supply system, designed to draw ink even when the pen was not in use, which was invented and patented by George Safford Parker in 1894. The pen was named “Jointless” because of its one-piece ink barrel, designed to prevent leakage, an innovation at the time – though the design made the refilling process messy. The pen was Parker’s first to be advertised outside the United States. The American government purchased the pens in large quantities (more…)


The Parker Jotter is the Parker Pen Company’s second and best-selling retracting refillable ballpoint pen. The first was the Hopalong Cassidy ballpoint. (Later a fountain pen, mechanical pencil and rollerball pen were introduced to the line. However, this entry primarily covers the ballpoint pens identified as the “Jotter”). As with many other ballpoint pens, it can also be converted into a gel pen by simply changing the refill. Since 1954, over 750 million have been sold worldwide. It is priced between $6 USD for lower end models, and $20 USD for higher end models, such as special editions. Because of its (more…)

Parker Duofold

Parker Duofold is a range of fountain pens produced by Parker Pen Company. The first model was produced in 1921 and was a large pen – 5.5 inches long once capped. It was made of a glowing red hard rubber and expensive at $ 7.00. The original full-size Duofold was soon joined by the smaller Duofold Junior, Duofold Special, and Lady Duofold. While the Junior and Special could also be equipped with Parker’s puck, the Lady Duofold was available with a Chatelaine, or ring for the neck. The Ring Top would also appear on Parker’s Vest Pocket models, to be attached (more…)

Parker 180

The Parker 180 is a fountain pen developed in the 1970s by Parker Pen Company. Introduced to the market in 1977 as an attempt to modernize the then-wading feather pen industry, the 180 was a slim pen with a very unusual flat feather design. The “180” is a 180 ° game, because the pen was intended to be used either in an upward or upward orientation to change the width of the line drawn by the pen. It was offered in “X / M” (“Extra-Fine / Medium”) or “F / B” (“Fine / Broad”) configuration.

Towards the end of its production, the (more…)

Parker 51

The Parker 51 is a fountain pen introduced in 1941. Parker’s vintage advertisement called it “The Most Wanted Pen in the World”, a slogan referring to the restrictions on the production of pens for the civilian market in the United States. during WWII. Parker’s continued advertising during the war created a demand that took several years to complete after the end of the conflict. A common misconception about Quink is that it was primarily intended for the Parker “51”, which has generated more than $ 400 million in sales over its thirty years of existence. While Quink was ideal for use (more…)

Parker Pen Company

The Parker Pen Company is a manufacturer of luxury pens, founded in 1888 by George Safford Parker in Janesville, Wisconsin, United States. In 2011 the Parker factory at Newhaven, East Sussex, England, was closed, and its production transferred to Nantes, France.

George Safford Parker, the founder, had previously been a sales agent for the John Holland Gold Pen Company. He received his first fountain pen related patent in 1889. In 1894 Parker received a patent on his “Lucky Curve” fountain pen feed, which was claimed to draw excess ink back into the pen barrel when the pen was not in use. The (more…)

Marker pen

A marker, a fineliner, a marker, a marker, a felt marker, a flow marker, texta (in Australia), a sketch (in India) or a koki (in South Africa), is a pen that has its own ink-source and a tip made of porous pressed fibers such as felt. A permanent marker consists of a container (glass, aluminum or plastic) and a core of absorbent material. This filling serves as a support for the ink. The top of the marker contains the tip that was made earlier of a hard felt material, and a cap to prevent the marker from drying out. Until the (more…)

Montblanc (company)

Montblanc International GmbH (pronounced: [mo(n) blaw(n)] or [mon blaan(k)]) is a German manufacturer of luxury writing instruments, watches, jewellery and leather goods, often identified by their “Snow peak” logo.

A Hamburg banker, Alfred Nehemias, and a Berlin engineer, August Eberstein, produced simple pens in 1906. After a short period of time Wilhelm Dziambor, Christian Lausen and later Claus Johannes Voss took over the business. Their first model was the Rouge et Noir in 1909 followed in 1910 by the pen that was later to give the company its new name, Montblanc. The Meisterstück name (English: “Masterpiece”, the name used for export) was (more…)

Waterman Philéas

Waterman Phileas is a series of writing instruments, including fountain pens, rollerballs, ballpoint pens and pencils produced by the waterman pen company. It is well known for its good value for money and is therefore often recommended for novice pen users and collectors. This series is now discontinued, but is currently still available from many vendors. The company Waterman has named this line of writing instruments after the character of Phileas Fogg in The Eighty Days Around the World by the French novelist Jules Verne. The design reflects an Art Deco look from the 1930s. However, neither the Art Deco movement (more…)

Waterman Hémisphère

The Waterman Hémisphère is a pen produced by the French pen company Waterman. The Hémisphère is a light pen that has a cigar shaped barrel with a beveled top and usual Waterman clip. It comes in many colours (metallic, blue, green, red, cognac), a lacquer finish, or a brushed chrome or gold finish. The clip comes in chrome or 24-karat gold finish.

Von World Pens Hall

Von World Pens Hall is a museum in Nicosia, Cyprus, dedicated to the history of pens and other writing instruments. Major companies are represented in the collection, which includes items dating as far back as the 15th and 16th centuries, as well as many Victorian artifacts. The collection includes many different kinds of pen and pencil as well as typewriters, stamps, seals and inkpots.

UV marker

An Ultraviolet (UV) marker is a pen whose marks are fluorescent but transparent: the marks can be seen only under an ultraviolet light. They are commonly used in security situations to identify belongings or to protect from the copying of banknotes. UV pens can now be bought at some stationery shops to securely mark items of high value in case of theft.

The body of a UV marker is made by plastic similar to a normal marker. The ink used in UV markers has been made from various things in the past such as lemon juice, vinegar, diluted blood or even urine. (more…)


Uni-ball and Uni are brands of pens and pencils, made by the of Japan. Mitsubishi Pencil Company distributes products in over 100 countries through subsidiaries, such as Mitsubishi Pencil Company UK. Sanford (a division of Newell Brands) distributes uni-ball in the United States and Canada, Faber-Castell does so for Germany, and Linc Pen and Plastics Limited (LPPL) in India. Despite its naming and the near identical logomarks, Mitsubishi Pencil Company is unrelated to the Mitsubishi Group, and has never been a part of their zaibatsu.

Founded in 1887 by Niroku Masaki, the company then known as Masaki Pencil Manufacturing Company began creating (more…)

Technical pen

A technical pen is a specialized instrument used by an engineer, architect, or drafter to make lines of constant width for architectural, engineering, or technical drawings. “Rapidograph” is a trademarked name for one type of technical pen. Technical pens use either a refillable ink reservoir (Isograph version) or a replaceable ink cartridge.

Early technical pens (ruling pens) consisted of a small pair of calipers, having one flat and one bowed leg holding ink between them. By adjusting the gap between the legs the width of the line drawn by the pen could be adjusted. Such pens, kept at a constant angle to (more…)


Staedtler Mars GmbH & Co. KG is a German fine-writing instrument company and a manufacturer and supplier of writing, artist and engineering instruments. The company was founded by J.S. Staedtler in 1835 and produces a wide variety of writing instruments, including drawing pencils, pencils, professional pens and standard wooden pencils. It also produces erasers, rulers, compasses and other drawing / writing accessories. Staedtler claims to be the largest manufacturer in Europe of wood-case pencils, overhead projector pens, mechanical lead mines, erasers and modeling clays. Staedtler has more than 20 global subsidiaries and seven manufacturing plants. More than 85% of the production (more…)

Speedball (art products)

Speedball is an American company that manufactures art materials and other stationery items. The company, first successful with its dip pens, expanded its product line to other art areas such as painting, sculpture and printing press.

In 1899, C. Howard Hunt formed his own company and established it in Camden, New Jersey. The “Speedball” pen was developed and patented by sign letterer Ross F. George of Seattle. This pen had a square-tipped pen could make broad and thin lines. The original pen’s “A-style nib” developed by Ross had a square-tipped head that made broad lines, which worked well for some of Ross’ (more…)

Skin pens

Skin pens are a specific type of pen applied to the skin to create a permanent image. These kinds of pens are normally used by either surgeons before proceeding with surgery for either medical purposes or cosmetic surgery. Also, they are often used in tattoo parlours before applying the actual permanent ink. While long-lasting, this ink is temporary, as it has a specific substance that removes it within 3-4 days.

Sheaffer Prelude

Sheaffer Prelude’s fountain pens, rollerball pens and ballpoint pens are a range of writing instruments manufactured by Sheaffer Pen Company.

The pen is made of brass rods in stock, and the section is made of molded acrylic and has ridges for easy grip. The jewel on the clip is mother-of-pearl, and the sheet-shaped band and clip are made of stainless steel. The pen is also made of stainless steel. The clip and cap strip are gold or chrome plated depending on the finish of the pen, while the pen is semi-plated in gold or unplated steel depending on the finish, but Sheaffer (more…)

Sharpie (marker)

Sharpie is a brand of writing instruments (mainly permanent marker pens) manufactured by Newell Brands, a public company, headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia. Originally designating a single permanent marker, the Sharpie brand has been widely expanded and can now be found on a variety of previously unrelated permanent and non-permanent pens and markers formerly marketed under other brands. Sharpie markers are made with a number of tips. The most common and popular is the Fine tip. Other tips include Ultra Fine Point, Extra Fine Point, Brush tip, Chisel tip, and Retractable tip.

“Sharpie” was originally a name designating a permanent marker launched in (more…)

Shanghai Hero Pen Company

The Shanghai Hero Pen Company (上海英雄(集团)有限公司; Shànghǎi yīngxióng (jítuán) yǒuxiàn gōngsī), popular for its Hero (Chinese: 英雄; yīngxióng) fountain pens, is a Chinese company founded in 1931 as the Wolff Pen Manufacturing Company (Chinese: 上海华孚金笔厂; Shànghǎi huáfú jīnbǐ chǎng). It was renamed in 1966 to the current name. It is commonly referred to as “Huáfú” which is the Hanyu Pinyin transliteration of the firm’s abbreviated original Chinese name.

Some of its brands of fountain pens include Hero, Wing Sung, Lucky, Huafu, Xinming, Guanleming, Xinhua, and Gentleman. The design of some of its Hero pens, such as Hero 616, resembles that of the (more…)

Sanford L.P.

Sanford L.P. is a Newell Brands company based in Oak Brook, Illinois, United States. It is the largest writing products manufacturer in the world. It is primarily known for manufacturing Sharpie, Paper Mate, and Prismacolor products.

It was founded in 1857 by Frederick W. Redington and William H. Sanford, Jr. in Massachusetts as the Sanford Manufacturing Company. The company moved to Chicago in 1866, five years before the Great Chicago Fire destroyed Sanford’s Chicago location. New facilities were soon built after the devastation of the fire, and operations resumed. In 1947, following World War II, the Sanford Ink Company was forced to (more…)

Ruling pen

A decision pen is a drawing instrument for drawing with ink or other drawing fluids. A decision pen contains ink in a slot between two flexible metal jaws, which are tapered at one point. It allows precise rendering of very fine lines. The width of the line can be adjusted by a set screw connecting the jaws. The adjustment screw may possibly have a digital dial.

Originally used for technical drawings in engineering and mapping with straight rules and French curves, it is now used for specific uses, such as framing or calligraphy. In the Soviet Union, dominant pens were widely used (more…)

Rollerball pen

Roller ball pens or rollerball pens are pens which use ball point writing mechanisms with water-based liquid or gelled ink, as opposed to the oil-based viscous inks found in ballpoint pens. These less viscous inks, which tend to saturate more deeply and more widely into paper than other types of ink, give roller ball pens their distinctive writing qualities. The writing point is a tiny ball, usually 0.5 or 0.7 mm in diameter, that transfers the ink from the reservoir onto the paper as the pen moves.

Rollerball pens were introduced in 1963 by the Japanese company Ohto. There are two main (more…)

Retractable pen

Retractable pens are a type of ink pen which have a spring-loaded ink cartridge which retracts and extends outside a protective housing. By clicking downward on the top of the pen, the tip is extended and locks in place at the bottom of the housing for use.

The Frawley Pen Company, founded in 1949 by Patrick J. Frawley, claims to have made the “first pen with a retractable ballpoint tip” in 1950.

A click pen has several parts to it: the frame, a thruster, two cams, a guide pin, a spring, an ink cartridge with ink, a ballpoint at the end of the (more…)


Retipping refers to the repair and application of iridium tipping material to fountain pen nibs. Iridium is one of the five platinum group metals. When platinum is mined, it is usually found with one or more of its five sister metals, called the platinum group metals: palladium, osmium, rhodium, ruthenium, and iridium. John Holland tipped fountain pens with iridium in 1880.

Reed pen

A Reed pen ( ‘; singular ‘) is a writing implement made by cutting and shaping a single reed straw or length of bamboo. Reed pens with regular features such as a split nib have been found in Ancient Egyptian sites dating from the 4th century BC. Reed pens were used for writing on papyrus, and were the most common writing implement in antiquity.

Reed pens are stiffer than quill pens cut from feathers and do not retain a sharp point for as long. This led to their being replaced by quills. Nevertheless a reed pen can make bold strokes, and it (more…)


A rastrum (or raster) is a five-pointed writing implement used in music manuscripts to draw parallel staff lines when drawn horizontally across a blank piece of sheet music. The word “raster” is derived from the Latin for “rake”. Rastra were used to draw lines on paper that had not been pre-ruled, and were widely used in Europe until printed staff paper became cheap and common in the nineteenth century. Some rastra are able to draw more than one staff at a time. Rastrology, the study of the use of the rastrum, is a branch of music manuscript studies that uses information (more…)

Pilot (pen company)

Pilot (pen company) is a Japanese pen manufacturer based in Tokyo, Japan. It produces writing instruments, stationery and jewelery, but is best known for its pens. It is the largest pen manufacturer in Japan, and has a large number of subsidiaries throughout the world, including in the Philippines, United Kingdom, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Brazil, South Africa, Germany and France. Most Pilot pens are made in Japan, France and the USA. Namiki, Pilot’s fountain pens with maki-e lacquering designs, are made in the Hiratsuka factory.

In 1915, Ryōsuke Namiki (並木良輔), a professor from Tokyo Nautical College in Japan, left his job to found (more…)

Perry & Co.

Perry & Co., Ltd was a dip pens manufacturer of England. The company was the largest in its country of origin, producing a huge range of models. Perry & Co. also manufactured bicycle chains and accessories.

James Perry, still a schoolmaster and being dissatisfied with the quality of existing pens, began making steel pens by hand. The firm was founded in Manchester as James Perry and Co. in 1824, but later moved to London, where they made and sold pens and pen-holders, pencils, elastic bands and ink, and dealt in stationers’ supplies. From 1829 all of Perry’s pens were made by Josiah (more…)

Permanent marker

A permanent marker or indelible marker is a type of marker pen that is used to create permanent or semi-permanent writing on an object. In general, the ink comprises a main carrier solvent, a glyceride, a pyrrolidone, a resin and a colorant, making it water resistant. It is capable of writing on a variety of surfaces from paper to metal to stone. They come in a variety of tip sizes (ultra fine to wide), shapes (chisel point, bullet tip, and wide bristle), and colors (metallic, or ultraviolet reactive). Like spray paint, these markers contain volatile organic compounds which evaporate to dry (more…)


Pentel is a privately held Japanese company which produces stationery products. The name is a combination of the English words pen and tell (as in, telling a story). Pentel is also the inventor of non-permanent marker technology. Most Pentel products are manufactured in Japan, Taiwan and France. Yukio Horie, who was the President of the company until his death in 2010, invented the fibre-tipped (felt-tip) pen in the 1960s.

Pentel produces a wide range of products, mainly writing instruments such as pens and markers.

Pentel has recently launched the “Pentel Pocket Brush”, a “brush pen” that is refillable, using replaceable ink cartridges like (more…)


PenAgain is an ergonomic writing device developed by Pacific Writing Instruments, Inc. It was designed to reduce stress and reduce the risk of repetitive strain injuries when writing. Writing with PenAgain differs from writing with a traditional cylindrical pen. The writer’s index is in the Y-shaped device, so the weight of the writer’s hand directs the pressure on the tip of the pen. This eliminates the need to grab the pen and push the tip into the paper. The index guides the tip of the pen.

The bifurcated form of a writing device was first proposed and patented by John WyttenBach in (more…)

Pen Museum

Pen Museum is a museum located in Birmingham, England, UK and dedicated to educating visitors about the history of the trade of steel pens in Birmingham. The Pen Museum, the only museum in the United Kingdom dedicated to the history of the pen industry, explains how Birmingham has become the center of global pen trade. The museum is managed by the Birmingham Pen Trade Heritage Association, which was established in 1996 as a registered charity and became a charity incorporated in 2018. The museum is located in Birmingham’s Jewelery District, in the Center. Money. The Silver Center itself housed a pen (more…)


A pen is a common writing instrument used to apply ink to a surface, usually paper, for writing or drawing. Historically, reed pens, quill pens, and dip pens were used, with a nib dipped in ink. Ruling pens allow precise adjustment of line width, and still find a few specialized uses, but technical pens such as the Rapidograph are more commonly used. Modern types include ballpoint, rollerball, fountain and felt or ceramic tip pens.

The main modern types of pens can be categorized by the kind of writing tip or point on the pen: * A ballpoint pen dispenses an oil-based ink (more…)

Paint marker

A paint marker is a type of marker used to create permanent writing on a variety of surfaces such as paper, metal, stone, rubber, plastic and glass.

Unlike most permanent markers, the ink is an oil-based paint and generally requires agitation before use, similar to an aerosol can. In addition, the line is very opaque and, unlike alcohol-based inks or other permanent inks, it does not fade with exposure to UV rays and covers all other underlying colors. Painting these types of markers is not really permanent, as it can be removed using high pressure cleaners or paint thinners such as acetone.

Paint (more…)

Nib (pen)

A nib is the part of a quill, dip pen, fountain pen, or stylus which comes into contact with the writing surface in order to deposit ink. Different types of nibs vary in their purpose, shape and size, as well as the material from which they are made.

The quill replaced the reed pen across Europe by the Early Middle Ages and remained the main writing tool of the West for nearly a thousand years until the 17th century. Quills are fashioned by cutting a nib into the end of a feather obtained from a fairly large bird, such as a goose, (more…)

Mr. Sketch

”’Mr. Sketch”’ is a brand of scented marker pens made by the Sanford office and stationery products division of Newell Rubbermaid. They are sold in packages of 4, 6, 8, 12 and 18 markers. Mr. Sketch markers come in both chisel and fine point.

The markers have large strokes and can be used for posters and group work. Mr. Sketch markers were introduced by Sanford in 1965 and have been popular with children.


Monami Co., Ltd () is a Korean maker of stationery, printer supplies, office supplies, and pens and other writing instruments. Founded in 1960, it continues to hold considerable market share in its home market, South Korea.

A symbol of daily post-war life in Korea, Monami’s basic pen has continuously been on sale since its inception in 1963 and is recognizable by nearly every Korean. In 2009 this pen was noted by the government-run Korea Design Foundation as a design that has significantly influenced daily life in Korea. 3.3 billion have been sold, and the figures are still rising. The pen’s designation can (more…)

Luxor (pen company)

”’Luxor Writing Instruments Pvt. Ltd.”’, is a major stationery company based in Noida, India. Luxor manufactures and markets pens and writing instruments under the Luxor, Parker (including fountain pens) and Pilot brands. It also sold Paper Mate and Waterman pens in India. Luxor was founded in 1963 in India by Mr. D.K. Jain. Luxor became a global brand in 1980 when it started it exports through its group company “Luxor International” which has a significant presence in the international market since last 20 years.

Luxor International is exporting Luxor products to more than 85 countries across the globe including USA, Europe, Australia, (more…)

D. Leonardt & Co.

Leonardt Ltd. (formerly ”’D. Leonardt & Co.”’) is an English company that specializes in finishing of metal components, manufacturing products such as such as corners for stationery such as leathergoods, photograph albums, menu covers, pattern and carpet books, binders and portfolios. The company also produced writing instruments, that included dip and fountain nibs, ballpoint pens, holders and mechanical pencils, which set Leonardt as one of the oldest manufacturers of dip pens, having produced them since its establishment in 1856.

The company was founded in 1856 by Diedrich Leonardt to manufacture dip pens. After two large expansions led by Leonardt in 1863 and (more…)


An inkwell is a small jar or container, often made of glass, porcelain, silver, brass, or pewter, used for holding ink in a place convenient for the person who is writing. The artist or writer dips the brush, quill, or dip pen into the inkwell as needed or uses the inkwell as the source for filling the reservoir of a fountain pen. An inkwell usually has a lid to prevent contamination, evaporation, accidental spillage, and excessive exposure to air. A type known as the travelling inkwell was fitted with a secure, screw lid so a traveller could carry a supply of (more…)

Joseph Gillott’s (pens)

”’Joseph Gillott’s”’ is a company based in Birmingham, England, which has been manufacturing high-quality dip pens since 1827. The company is currently part of William Mitchell Ltd.

Joseph Gillott was a working cutler in his home town Sheffield, but in 1821 he moved to Birmingham, where he found employment in the steel toy trade, the technical name for the manufacture of steel buckles, chains and light ornamental steel-work generally. About 1830 he turned his attention to the manufacture of steel pens by machinery, and in 1831 patented a process for placing elongated points on the nibs of pens. Subsequently Gillott adapted the (more…)

Gel pen

A gel pen uses ink in which the pigment is suspended in a water-based gel. Because the ink is thick and opaque, it appears more clearly on dark or smooth surfaces than typical inks used in ballpoint pens or felts. Gel pens can be used for many types of writing and illustration. The general design of a gel pen is similar to that of an ordinary ink pen, with a barrel containing the writing mechanism and a cap, and a reservoir filled with ink. Barrels can be created in many different sizes and designs; some have rubber or plastic plugs. The (more…)

Fountain pen

A fountain pen is a nib pen that, unlike its predecessor, the dip pen, contains an internal reservoir of liquid ink. The pen draws ink from the reservoir through a feed to the nib and deposits it on paper via a combination of gravity and capillary action. Filling the reservoir with ink may be achieved manually, via the use of a Pasteur pipette (eyedropper) or syringe, or via an internal filling mechanism which creates suction (for example, through a piston mechanism) or a vacuum to transfer ink directly through the nib into the reservoir. Some pens employ removable reservoirs in the (more…)


Flo-Master was a brand of inks and markers in the second half of the 20th century, which was particularly remembered for the colorful opacity of inks. These markers were designed for glass markings, and became the weapons of choice among New York City writers of the original New York Writin ‘school in the 1970s and early 1980s.

In 1951, Cushman & Denison introduced the Flo-Master “rechargeable markers”, which targeted store owners and advertisers with limited success. In 1953, Esterbrook America took over the business in the United States and Esterbrook Pens and Cushman & Denison merged in 1960 in the United Kingdom. (more…)

Flex nib

A Flex nib (or flexible nib) is a type of fountain pen nib that can create different line widths. Due to its non-rigid structure, a flex nib allows a writer to control line width by adjusting the pressure of the pen on paper. Increased pressure will cause the two tines of the nib to separate slightly, allowing more ink to flow onto the page. A lighter grip will allow the tines to remain close together and produce a thinner line. Range of line widths from a fountain pen is limited; however, the most flexible nibs can produce a width about six (more…)


Esterbrook (trademark name: ”’Esterbrook, est. 1858”’ ) is a brand of fountain and ballpoint pens, produced by Harpen Brand Holdings, LLC, which acquired the rights to manufacture pens under the “Esterbrook” brand name. Originally, Richard Esterbrook was the largest pen manufacturer in the United States, having reached a record of producing 216,000,000 pens a year. The company produced dip pens, then concentrating on fountain pens until it was acquired by Venus Pencils in 1967, ceasing activities in 1971.

Richard Esterbrook (1812-1895 ) was a Cornish Quaker from England who saw an opportunity in the United States to manufacture steel pens. In 1856 (more…)


Erasermate (known as the Replay in Europe and Brazil) is a pen product introduced by the Papermate division of the Gillette Company in 1979. The word Erasermate in and of itself has become known as the erasable pen of the Papermate product line. The original Erasermate pen was a refillable ballpoint pen fitted with a replaceable eraser. A disposable version called Erasermate 2 was subsequently introduced, with an appearance similar to the non-erasable Write Bros. stick pen, except for a slightly larger girth, and of course the black eraser, affixed to the pen’s cap. The eraser, not unlike that of a (more…)

Dip pen

A dip pen or nib pen usually consists of a metal nib with capillary channels like those of fountain-pen nibs, mounted in a handle or holder, often made of wood. Other materials can be used for the holder, including bone, metal, and plastic; some pens are made entirely of glass. Generally, dip pens have no ink reservoir, so the user must recharge the ink from an ink bowl or bottle to continue drawing or writing. There are simple, tiny tubular reservoirs that illustrators sometimes clip onto dip pens, which allow drawing for several minutes without recharging the nib. Recharging can be (more…)

Digital pen

A smartpen or smartpen is an input device that captures a user’s handwriting or brushstrokes and converts handwritten analog information created in “pen and paper” into digital data, enabling the use of data in various applications. This type of pencil is usually used with a digital laptop, although the data can also be used for different applications or simply as a graph. A digital pen is usually larger and has more features than an active pen. Digital pens typically contain internal electronic components and have features such as touch sensitivity, input buttons, memory for storing handwritten data, and transmission capabilities.

The input (more…)

Demonstrator pen

Demonstrator pens are pens which are partially or mostly transparent. Demonstrator pens were originally furnished by manufacturers to dealers, so that the features of their products could be shown to potential buyers. The first demonstrators had openings cut in their barrels, and usually, their caps. These would typically allow direct viewing of the filling mechanism and the section-inner cap junction, respectively. Cutaway demonstrators were usually not fully functional pens, and many were furnished without nibs or with nonfunctional dummy nibs. The first transparent demonstrator pens were probably Parker’s Bakelite-barreled eyedropper-fillers, which were soon made a regular production model. Most transparent demonstrators, (more…)

Curtis Australia

Curtis Australia is an Australian-based jewelery and pen manufacturer that manufactures hand-made writing instruments and diamond jewelery.

The history of Curtis Australia dates back to the 1890s. Almost 100 years ago, jewelery / jewelery became the target of leather items made by the first settlers in the family. Continuing now, Curtis Australia still uses traditional techniques such as lost wax casting and gemstone setting. The company now produces a wider range of items, including jewelry / fine jewelry and luxury writing instruments. The writing instruments produced by the mark usually contain precious metal or precious stones to reflect Curtis’ origins as jewelers. (more…)

Counter pen

A counter pen is a pen designed to be affixed to the counter or table of an institution, such as, typically, a bank or post office by some means, typically a chain, ball chain or plastic cord, complicating the accidental or purposeful removal of the pen from the counter.

A 1938 issue of The Bankers Monthly describes the concept: “The pen also gives a better write than the ordinary counter pen. The ink stand cannot be stolen, for it is fastened to the counter or desk. Besides, a chain between pen and stand prevents anyone from wandering away with the pen.”

Classmate Stationery

Classmate is an Indian brand of student stationery products. ITC Limited (formerly Indian Tobacco Company) launched its Classmate brand in 2003 with the notebooks category.Subsequently, Classmate added pens, pencils, mechanical pencils and geometry boxes tp its portfolio.

Classmate products include notebooks, pens, pencils, mechanical pencils, diaries, mathematical drawing instruments, scholastics, erasers, sharpeners and scales and art stationery products.

Classmate notebooks consist of many variants including notebooks, long books, practical books, drawing books and reminder pads, with a theme on the cover and related information inside. ITC Classmate notebooks use Ozone-treated, Elemental Chlorine Free Paper which uses an Ozone treatment of paper, leading to (more…)

Circuit Scribe

Circuit Scribe is a ball-point pen containing silver conductive ink one can use to draw circuits instantly on flexible substrates like paper. Circuit Scribe made its way onto Kickstarter (an online site where people can fund projects) on November 19, 2013 with its goal of raising $85,000 for the manufacturing of the first batch of pens. By December 31, 2013, Circuit Scribe was able to raise a total of $674,425 with 12,277 ‘backers’ or donors. Similar to drawing a picture, users can use a Circuit Scribe pen to draw lines on a simple piece of paper. They can then attach special (more…)

Kokuyo Camlin

Kokuyo Camlin Ltd., formerly known as Camlin Ltd., is an Indian paper company based in Mumbai, India. Japan’s Kokuyo holds about 51% of Kokuyo Camlin’s capital. Camlin manufactures art materials, markers, fountain pens, inks, pencils and other stationery.

Camlin began operations as “Dandekar & Co.” with “Horse Brand” ink powders and pellets in 1931, and soon began producing “camel ink” for fountain pens. It was incorporated as a private company in 1946 and was converted into a public limited company in 1988. In May 2011, Japan’s leading paper manufacturer, Kokuyo S & T, acquired a 50.74% stake in Camlin.

C. Howard Hunt

C. Howard Hunt was an American company that manufactured tempered pens, now marketed under the Speedball brand.

In 1899, C. Howard Hunt established a company in Camden, New Jersey. The company C. Howard Hunt Pen invented the smooth round pen, which required about 15 operations in the manufacturing. Expert cutters have used cutting presses to produce nearly 45,000 pens per day from rolled steel sheets. Workers printed, crushed and shipped 25 pens per minute.

The Speedball Pen was developed and patented by Ross F. George of Seattle. His square-tip pen could make fine, broad lines. George took the patent from the C. Howard (more…)

Birmingham pen trade

The Birmingham pen trade evolved in the Birmingham Jewellery Quarter and its surrounding area in the 19th century; for many years, the city was the centre of the world’s pen trade.

In Newhall Street, John Mitchell manufactured pens; he pioneered mass production of steel pens (prior to this, the quill pen was the most common form of writing instrument). Mitchells are credited as being the first manufacturers to use machines to cut pen nibs, greatly speeding up the process. John’s brother William later set up his own pen-making business in St Paul’s square. Baker and Finnemore operated in James Street, near St (more…)