Von World Pens Hall

Von World Pens Hall is a museum in Nicosia, Cyprus, dedicated to the history of pens and other writing instruments. Major companies are represented in the collection, which includes items dating as far back as the 15th and 16th centuries, as well as many Victorian artifacts. The collection includes many different kinds of pen and pencil as well as typewriters, stamps, seals and inkpots.

UV marker

An Ultraviolet (UV) marker is a pen whose marks are fluorescent but transparent: the marks can be seen only under an ultraviolet light. They are commonly used in security situations to identify belongings or to protect from the copying of banknotes. UV pens can now be bought at some stationery shops to securely mark items of high value in case of theft.

The body of a UV marker is made by plastic similar to a normal marker. The ink used in UV markers has been made from various things in the past such as lemon juice, vinegar, diluted blood or even urine. (more…)


Uni-ball and Uni are brands of pens and pencils, made by the of Japan. Mitsubishi Pencil Company distributes products in over 100 countries through subsidiaries, such as Mitsubishi Pencil Company UK. Sanford (a division of Newell Brands) distributes uni-ball in the United States and Canada, Faber-Castell does so for Germany, and Linc Pen and Plastics Limited (LPPL) in India. Despite its naming and the near identical logomarks, Mitsubishi Pencil Company is unrelated to the Mitsubishi Group, and has never been a part of their zaibatsu.

Founded in 1887 by Niroku Masaki, the company then known as Masaki Pencil Manufacturing Company began creating (more…)

Technical pen

A technical pen is a specialized instrument used by an engineer, architect, or drafter to make lines of constant width for architectural, engineering, or technical drawings. “Rapidograph” is a trademarked name for one type of technical pen. Technical pens use either a refillable ink reservoir (Isograph version) or a replaceable ink cartridge.

Early technical pens (ruling pens) consisted of a small pair of calipers, having one flat and one bowed leg holding ink between them. By adjusting the gap between the legs the width of the line drawn by the pen could be adjusted. Such pens, kept at a constant angle to (more…)


Staedtler Mars GmbH & Co. KG is a German fine-writing instrument company and a manufacturer and supplier of writing, artist and engineering instruments. The company was founded by J.S. Staedtler in 1835 and produces a wide variety of writing instruments, including drawing pencils, pencils, professional pens and standard wooden pencils. It also produces erasers, rulers, compasses and other drawing / writing accessories. Staedtler claims to be the largest manufacturer in Europe of wood-case pencils, overhead projector pens, mechanical lead mines, erasers and modeling clays. Staedtler has more than 20 global subsidiaries and seven manufacturing plants. More than 85% of the production (more…)

Speedball (art products)

Speedball is an American company that manufactures art materials and other stationery items. The company, first successful with its dip pens, expanded its product line to other art areas such as painting, sculpture and printing press.

In 1899, C. Howard Hunt formed his own company and established it in Camden, New Jersey. The “Speedball” pen was developed and patented by sign letterer Ross F. George of Seattle. This pen had a square-tipped pen could make broad and thin lines. The original pen’s “A-style nib” developed by Ross had a square-tipped head that made broad lines, which worked well for some of Ross’ (more…)

Skin pens

Skin pens are a specific type of pen applied to the skin to create a permanent image. These kinds of pens are normally used by either surgeons before proceeding with surgery for either medical purposes or cosmetic surgery. Also, they are often used in tattoo parlours before applying the actual permanent ink. While long-lasting, this ink is temporary, as it has a specific substance that removes it within 3-4 days.

Sheaffer Prelude

Sheaffer Prelude’s fountain pens, rollerball pens and ballpoint pens are a range of writing instruments manufactured by Sheaffer Pen Company.

The pen is made of brass rods in stock, and the section is made of molded acrylic and has ridges for easy grip. The jewel on the clip is mother-of-pearl, and the sheet-shaped band and clip are made of stainless steel. The pen is also made of stainless steel. The clip and cap strip are gold or chrome plated depending on the finish of the pen, while the pen is semi-plated in gold or unplated steel depending on the finish, but Sheaffer (more…)

Sharpie (marker)

Sharpie is a brand of writing instruments (mainly permanent marker pens) manufactured by Newell Brands, a public company, headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia. Originally designating a single permanent marker, the Sharpie brand has been widely expanded and can now be found on a variety of previously unrelated permanent and non-permanent pens and markers formerly marketed under other brands. Sharpie markers are made with a number of tips. The most common and popular is the Fine tip. Other tips include Ultra Fine Point, Extra Fine Point, Brush tip, Chisel tip, and Retractable tip.

“Sharpie” was originally a name designating a permanent marker launched in (more…)

Shanghai Hero Pen Company

The Shanghai Hero Pen Company (上海英雄(集团)有限公司; Shànghǎi yīngxióng (jítuán) yǒuxiàn gōngsī), popular for its Hero (Chinese: 英雄; yīngxióng) fountain pens, is a Chinese company founded in 1931 as the Wolff Pen Manufacturing Company (Chinese: 上海华孚金笔厂; Shànghǎi huáfú jīnbǐ chǎng). It was renamed in 1966 to the current name. It is commonly referred to as “Huáfú” which is the Hanyu Pinyin transliteration of the firm’s abbreviated original Chinese name.

Some of its brands of fountain pens include Hero, Wing Sung, Lucky, Huafu, Xinming, Guanleming, Xinhua, and Gentleman. The design of some of its Hero pens, such as Hero 616, resembles that of the (more…)

Sanford L.P.

Sanford L.P. is a Newell Brands company based in Oak Brook, Illinois, United States. It is the largest writing products manufacturer in the world. It is primarily known for manufacturing Sharpie, Paper Mate, and Prismacolor products.

It was founded in 1857 by Frederick W. Redington and William H. Sanford, Jr. in Massachusetts as the Sanford Manufacturing Company. The company moved to Chicago in 1866, five years before the Great Chicago Fire destroyed Sanford’s Chicago location. New facilities were soon built after the devastation of the fire, and operations resumed. In 1947, following World War II, the Sanford Ink Company was forced to (more…)

Ruling pen

A decision pen is a drawing instrument for drawing with ink or other drawing fluids. A decision pen contains ink in a slot between two flexible metal jaws, which are tapered at one point. It allows precise rendering of very fine lines. The width of the line can be adjusted by a set screw connecting the jaws. The adjustment screw may possibly have a digital dial.

Originally used for technical drawings in engineering and mapping with straight rules and French curves, it is now used for specific uses, such as framing or calligraphy. In the Soviet Union, dominant pens were widely used (more…)

Rollerball pen

Roller ball pens or rollerball pens are pens which use ball point writing mechanisms with water-based liquid or gelled ink, as opposed to the oil-based viscous inks found in ballpoint pens. These less viscous inks, which tend to saturate more deeply and more widely into paper than other types of ink, give roller ball pens their distinctive writing qualities. The writing point is a tiny ball, usually 0.5 or 0.7 mm in diameter, that transfers the ink from the reservoir onto the paper as the pen moves.

Rollerball pens were introduced in 1963 by the Japanese company Ohto. There are two main (more…)

Retractable pen

Retractable pens are a type of ink pen which have a spring-loaded ink cartridge which retracts and extends outside a protective housing. By clicking downward on the top of the pen, the tip is extended and locks in place at the bottom of the housing for use.

The Frawley Pen Company, founded in 1949 by Patrick J. Frawley, claims to have made the “first pen with a retractable ballpoint tip” in 1950.

A click pen has several parts to it: the frame, a thruster, two cams, a guide pin, a spring, an ink cartridge with ink, a ballpoint at the end of the (more…)


Retipping refers to the repair and application of iridium tipping material to fountain pen nibs. Iridium is one of the five platinum group metals. When platinum is mined, it is usually found with one or more of its five sister metals, called the platinum group metals: palladium, osmium, rhodium, ruthenium, and iridium. John Holland tipped fountain pens with iridium in 1880.

Reed pen

A Reed pen ( ‘; singular ‘) is a writing implement made by cutting and shaping a single reed straw or length of bamboo. Reed pens with regular features such as a split nib have been found in Ancient Egyptian sites dating from the 4th century BC. Reed pens were used for writing on papyrus, and were the most common writing implement in antiquity.

Reed pens are stiffer than quill pens cut from feathers and do not retain a sharp point for as long. This led to their being replaced by quills. Nevertheless a reed pen can make bold strokes, and it (more…)


A rastrum (or raster) is a five-pointed writing implement used in music manuscripts to draw parallel staff lines when drawn horizontally across a blank piece of sheet music. The word “raster” is derived from the Latin for “rake”. Rastra were used to draw lines on paper that had not been pre-ruled, and were widely used in Europe until printed staff paper became cheap and common in the nineteenth century. Some rastra are able to draw more than one staff at a time. Rastrology, the study of the use of the rastrum, is a branch of music manuscript studies that uses information (more…)

Pilot (pen company)

Pilot (pen company) is a Japanese pen manufacturer based in Tokyo, Japan. It produces writing instruments, stationery and jewelery, but is best known for its pens. It is the largest pen manufacturer in Japan, and has a large number of subsidiaries throughout the world, including in the Philippines, United Kingdom, Indonesia, Malaysia, India, Brazil, South Africa, Germany and France. Most Pilot pens are made in Japan, France and the USA. Namiki, Pilot’s fountain pens with maki-e lacquering designs, are made in the Hiratsuka factory.

In 1915, Ryōsuke Namiki (並木良輔), a professor from Tokyo Nautical College in Japan, left his job to found (more…)

Perry & Co.

Perry & Co., Ltd was a dip pens manufacturer of England. The company was the largest in its country of origin, producing a huge range of models. Perry & Co. also manufactured bicycle chains and accessories.

James Perry, still a schoolmaster and being dissatisfied with the quality of existing pens, began making steel pens by hand. The firm was founded in Manchester as James Perry and Co. in 1824, but later moved to London, where they made and sold pens and pen-holders, pencils, elastic bands and ink, and dealt in stationers’ supplies. From 1829 all of Perry’s pens were made by Josiah (more…)

Permanent marker

A permanent marker or indelible marker is a type of marker pen that is used to create permanent or semi-permanent writing on an object. In general, the ink comprises a main carrier solvent, a glyceride, a pyrrolidone, a resin and a colorant, making it water resistant. It is capable of writing on a variety of surfaces from paper to metal to stone. They come in a variety of tip sizes (ultra fine to wide), shapes (chisel point, bullet tip, and wide bristle), and colors (metallic, or ultraviolet reactive). Like spray paint, these markers contain volatile organic compounds which evaporate to dry (more…)


Pentel is a privately held Japanese company which produces stationery products. The name is a combination of the English words pen and tell (as in, telling a story). Pentel is also the inventor of non-permanent marker technology. Most Pentel products are manufactured in Japan, Taiwan and France. Yukio Horie, who was the President of the company until his death in 2010, invented the fibre-tipped (felt-tip) pen in the 1960s.

Pentel produces a wide range of products, mainly writing instruments such as pens and markers.

Pentel has recently launched the “Pentel Pocket Brush”, a “brush pen” that is refillable, using replaceable ink cartridges like (more…)


PenAgain is an ergonomic writing device developed by Pacific Writing Instruments, Inc. It was designed to reduce stress and reduce the risk of repetitive strain injuries when writing. Writing with PenAgain differs from writing with a traditional cylindrical pen. The writer’s index is in the Y-shaped device, so the weight of the writer’s hand directs the pressure on the tip of the pen. This eliminates the need to grab the pen and push the tip into the paper. The index guides the tip of the pen.

The bifurcated form of a writing device was first proposed and patented by John WyttenBach in (more…)

Pen Museum

Pen Museum is a museum located in Birmingham, England, UK and dedicated to educating visitors about the history of the trade of steel pens in Birmingham. The Pen Museum, the only museum in the United Kingdom dedicated to the history of the pen industry, explains how Birmingham has become the center of global pen trade. The museum is managed by the Birmingham Pen Trade Heritage Association, which was established in 1996 as a registered charity and became a charity incorporated in 2018. The museum is located in Birmingham’s Jewelery District, in the Center. Money. The Silver Center itself housed a pen (more…)


A pen is a common writing instrument used to apply ink to a surface, usually paper, for writing or drawing. Historically, reed pens, quill pens, and dip pens were used, with a nib dipped in ink. Ruling pens allow precise adjustment of line width, and still find a few specialized uses, but technical pens such as the Rapidograph are more commonly used. Modern types include ballpoint, rollerball, fountain and felt or ceramic tip pens.

The main modern types of pens can be categorized by the kind of writing tip or point on the pen: * A ballpoint pen dispenses an oil-based ink (more…)

Paint marker

A paint marker is a type of marker used to create permanent writing on a variety of surfaces such as paper, metal, stone, rubber, plastic and glass.

Unlike most permanent markers, the ink is an oil-based paint and generally requires agitation before use, similar to an aerosol can. In addition, the line is very opaque and, unlike alcohol-based inks or other permanent inks, it does not fade with exposure to UV rays and covers all other underlying colors. Painting these types of markers is not really permanent, as it can be removed using high pressure cleaners or paint thinners such as acetone.

Paint (more…)

Nib (pen)

A nib is the part of a quill, dip pen, fountain pen, or stylus which comes into contact with the writing surface in order to deposit ink. Different types of nibs vary in their purpose, shape and size, as well as the material from which they are made.

The quill replaced the reed pen across Europe by the Early Middle Ages and remained the main writing tool of the West for nearly a thousand years until the 17th century. Quills are fashioned by cutting a nib into the end of a feather obtained from a fairly large bird, such as a goose, (more…)

Mr. Sketch

”’Mr. Sketch”’ is a brand of scented marker pens made by the Sanford office and stationery products division of Newell Rubbermaid. They are sold in packages of 4, 6, 8, 12 and 18 markers. Mr. Sketch markers come in both chisel and fine point.

The markers have large strokes and can be used for posters and group work. Mr. Sketch markers were introduced by Sanford in 1965 and have been popular with children.


Monami Co., Ltd () is a Korean maker of stationery, printer supplies, office supplies, and pens and other writing instruments. Founded in 1960, it continues to hold considerable market share in its home market, South Korea.

A symbol of daily post-war life in Korea, Monami’s basic pen has continuously been on sale since its inception in 1963 and is recognizable by nearly every Korean. In 2009 this pen was noted by the government-run Korea Design Foundation as a design that has significantly influenced daily life in Korea. 3.3 billion have been sold, and the figures are still rising. The pen’s designation can (more…)

Luxor (pen company)

”’Luxor Writing Instruments Pvt. Ltd.”’, is a major stationery company based in Noida, India. Luxor manufactures and markets pens and writing instruments under the Luxor, Parker (including fountain pens) and Pilot brands. It also sold Paper Mate and Waterman pens in India. Luxor was founded in 1963 in India by Mr. D.K. Jain. Luxor became a global brand in 1980 when it started it exports through its group company “Luxor International” which has a significant presence in the international market since last 20 years.

Luxor International is exporting Luxor products to more than 85 countries across the globe including USA, Europe, Australia, (more…)

D. Leonardt & Co.

Leonardt Ltd. (formerly ”’D. Leonardt & Co.”’) is an English company that specializes in finishing of metal components, manufacturing products such as such as corners for stationery such as leathergoods, photograph albums, menu covers, pattern and carpet books, binders and portfolios. The company also produced writing instruments, that included dip and fountain nibs, ballpoint pens, holders and mechanical pencils, which set Leonardt as one of the oldest manufacturers of dip pens, having produced them since its establishment in 1856.

The company was founded in 1856 by Diedrich Leonardt to manufacture dip pens. After two large expansions led by Leonardt in 1863 and (more…)


An inkwell is a small jar or container, often made of glass, porcelain, silver, brass, or pewter, used for holding ink in a place convenient for the person who is writing. The artist or writer dips the brush, quill, or dip pen into the inkwell as needed or uses the inkwell as the source for filling the reservoir of a fountain pen. An inkwell usually has a lid to prevent contamination, evaporation, accidental spillage, and excessive exposure to air. A type known as the travelling inkwell was fitted with a secure, screw lid so a traveller could carry a supply of (more…)

Joseph Gillott’s (pens)

”’Joseph Gillott’s”’ is a company based in Birmingham, England, which has been manufacturing high-quality dip pens since 1827. The company is currently part of William Mitchell Ltd.

Joseph Gillott was a working cutler in his home town Sheffield, but in 1821 he moved to Birmingham, where he found employment in the steel toy trade, the technical name for the manufacture of steel buckles, chains and light ornamental steel-work generally. About 1830 he turned his attention to the manufacture of steel pens by machinery, and in 1831 patented a process for placing elongated points on the nibs of pens. Subsequently Gillott adapted the (more…)

Gel pen

A gel pen uses ink in which the pigment is suspended in a water-based gel. Because the ink is thick and opaque, it appears more clearly on dark or smooth surfaces than typical inks used in ballpoint pens or felts. Gel pens can be used for many types of writing and illustration. The general design of a gel pen is similar to that of an ordinary ink pen, with a barrel containing the writing mechanism and a cap, and a reservoir filled with ink. Barrels can be created in many different sizes and designs; some have rubber or plastic plugs. The (more…)

Fountain pen

A fountain pen is a nib pen that, unlike its predecessor, the dip pen, contains an internal reservoir of liquid ink. The pen draws ink from the reservoir through a feed to the nib and deposits it on paper via a combination of gravity and capillary action. Filling the reservoir with ink may be achieved manually, via the use of a Pasteur pipette (eyedropper) or syringe, or via an internal filling mechanism which creates suction (for example, through a piston mechanism) or a vacuum to transfer ink directly through the nib into the reservoir. Some pens employ removable reservoirs in the (more…)


Flo-Master was a brand of inks and markers in the second half of the 20th century, which was particularly remembered for the colorful opacity of inks. These markers were designed for glass markings, and became the weapons of choice among New York City writers of the original New York Writin ‘school in the 1970s and early 1980s.

In 1951, Cushman & Denison introduced the Flo-Master “rechargeable markers”, which targeted store owners and advertisers with limited success. In 1953, Esterbrook America took over the business in the United States and Esterbrook Pens and Cushman & Denison merged in 1960 in the United Kingdom. (more…)

Flex nib

A Flex nib (or flexible nib) is a type of fountain pen nib that can create different line widths. Due to its non-rigid structure, a flex nib allows a writer to control line width by adjusting the pressure of the pen on paper. Increased pressure will cause the two tines of the nib to separate slightly, allowing more ink to flow onto the page. A lighter grip will allow the tines to remain close together and produce a thinner line. Range of line widths from a fountain pen is limited; however, the most flexible nibs can produce a width about six (more…)


Esterbrook (trademark name: ”’Esterbrook, est. 1858”’ ) is a brand of fountain and ballpoint pens, produced by Harpen Brand Holdings, LLC, which acquired the rights to manufacture pens under the “Esterbrook” brand name. Originally, Richard Esterbrook was the largest pen manufacturer in the United States, having reached a record of producing 216,000,000 pens a year. The company produced dip pens, then concentrating on fountain pens until it was acquired by Venus Pencils in 1967, ceasing activities in 1971.

Richard Esterbrook (1812-1895 ) was a Cornish Quaker from England who saw an opportunity in the United States to manufacture steel pens. In 1856 (more…)


Erasermate (known as the Replay in Europe and Brazil) is a pen product introduced by the Papermate division of the Gillette Company in 1979. The word Erasermate in and of itself has become known as the erasable pen of the Papermate product line. The original Erasermate pen was a refillable ballpoint pen fitted with a replaceable eraser. A disposable version called Erasermate 2 was subsequently introduced, with an appearance similar to the non-erasable Write Bros. stick pen, except for a slightly larger girth, and of course the black eraser, affixed to the pen’s cap. The eraser, not unlike that of a (more…)

Dip pen

A dip pen or nib pen usually consists of a metal nib with capillary channels like those of fountain-pen nibs, mounted in a handle or holder, often made of wood. Other materials can be used for the holder, including bone, metal, and plastic; some pens are made entirely of glass. Generally, dip pens have no ink reservoir, so the user must recharge the ink from an ink bowl or bottle to continue drawing or writing. There are simple, tiny tubular reservoirs that illustrators sometimes clip onto dip pens, which allow drawing for several minutes without recharging the nib. Recharging can be (more…)

Digital pen

A smartpen or smartpen is an input device that captures a user’s handwriting or brushstrokes and converts handwritten analog information created in “pen and paper” into digital data, enabling the use of data in various applications. This type of pencil is usually used with a digital laptop, although the data can also be used for different applications or simply as a graph. A digital pen is usually larger and has more features than an active pen. Digital pens typically contain internal electronic components and have features such as touch sensitivity, input buttons, memory for storing handwritten data, and transmission capabilities.

The input (more…)

Demonstrator pen

Demonstrator pens are pens which are partially or mostly transparent. Demonstrator pens were originally furnished by manufacturers to dealers, so that the features of their products could be shown to potential buyers. The first demonstrators had openings cut in their barrels, and usually, their caps. These would typically allow direct viewing of the filling mechanism and the section-inner cap junction, respectively. Cutaway demonstrators were usually not fully functional pens, and many were furnished without nibs or with nonfunctional dummy nibs. The first transparent demonstrator pens were probably Parker’s Bakelite-barreled eyedropper-fillers, which were soon made a regular production model. Most transparent demonstrators, (more…)

Curtis Australia

Curtis Australia is an Australian-based jewelery and pen manufacturer that manufactures hand-made writing instruments and diamond jewelery.

The history of Curtis Australia dates back to the 1890s. Almost 100 years ago, jewelery / jewelery became the target of leather items made by the first settlers in the family. Continuing now, Curtis Australia still uses traditional techniques such as lost wax casting and gemstone setting. The company now produces a wider range of items, including jewelry / fine jewelry and luxury writing instruments. The writing instruments produced by the mark usually contain precious metal or precious stones to reflect Curtis’ origins as jewelers. (more…)

Counter pen

A counter pen is a pen designed to be affixed to the counter or table of an institution, such as, typically, a bank or post office by some means, typically a chain, ball chain or plastic cord, complicating the accidental or purposeful removal of the pen from the counter.

A 1938 issue of The Bankers Monthly describes the concept: “The pen also gives a better write than the ordinary counter pen. The ink stand cannot be stolen, for it is fastened to the counter or desk. Besides, a chain between pen and stand prevents anyone from wandering away with the pen.”

Classmate Stationery

Classmate is an Indian brand of student stationery products. ITC Limited (formerly Indian Tobacco Company) launched its Classmate brand in 2003 with the notebooks category.Subsequently, Classmate added pens, pencils, mechanical pencils and geometry boxes tp its portfolio.

Classmate products include notebooks, pens, pencils, mechanical pencils, diaries, mathematical drawing instruments, scholastics, erasers, sharpeners and scales and art stationery products.

Classmate notebooks consist of many variants including notebooks, long books, practical books, drawing books and reminder pads, with a theme on the cover and related information inside. ITC Classmate notebooks use Ozone-treated, Elemental Chlorine Free Paper which uses an Ozone treatment of paper, leading to (more…)

Circuit Scribe

Circuit Scribe is a ball-point pen containing silver conductive ink one can use to draw circuits instantly on flexible substrates like paper. Circuit Scribe made its way onto Kickstarter (an online site where people can fund projects) on November 19, 2013 with its goal of raising $85,000 for the manufacturing of the first batch of pens. By December 31, 2013, Circuit Scribe was able to raise a total of $674,425 with 12,277 ‘backers’ or donors. Similar to drawing a picture, users can use a Circuit Scribe pen to draw lines on a simple piece of paper. They can then attach special (more…)

Kokuyo Camlin

Kokuyo Camlin Ltd., formerly known as Camlin Ltd., is an Indian paper company based in Mumbai, India. Japan’s Kokuyo holds about 51% of Kokuyo Camlin’s capital. Camlin manufactures art materials, markers, fountain pens, inks, pencils and other stationery.

Camlin began operations as “Dandekar & Co.” with “Horse Brand” ink powders and pellets in 1931, and soon began producing “camel ink” for fountain pens. It was incorporated as a private company in 1946 and was converted into a public limited company in 1988. In May 2011, Japan’s leading paper manufacturer, Kokuyo S & T, acquired a 50.74% stake in Camlin.

C. Howard Hunt

C. Howard Hunt was an American company that manufactured tempered pens, now marketed under the Speedball brand.

In 1899, C. Howard Hunt established a company in Camden, New Jersey. The company C. Howard Hunt Pen invented the smooth round pen, which required about 15 operations in the manufacturing. Expert cutters have used cutting presses to produce nearly 45,000 pens per day from rolled steel sheets. Workers printed, crushed and shipped 25 pens per minute.

The Speedball Pen was developed and patented by Ross F. George of Seattle. His square-tip pen could make fine, broad lines. George took the patent from the C. Howard (more…)

Birmingham pen trade

The Birmingham pen trade evolved in the Birmingham Jewellery Quarter and its surrounding area in the 19th century; for many years, the city was the centre of the world’s pen trade.

In Newhall Street, John Mitchell manufactured pens; he pioneered mass production of steel pens (prior to this, the quill pen was the most common form of writing instrument). Mitchells are credited as being the first manufacturers to use machines to cut pen nibs, greatly speeding up the process. John’s brother William later set up his own pen-making business in St Paul’s square. Baker and Finnemore operated in James Street, near St (more…)

Bic Cristal

The Bic Cristal (stylized BIC Cristal and also known as the Bic pen) is an inexpensive disposable ballpoint pen produced in series and sold by the Bic Company of Clichy, Hauts-de-Seine, France. It was published in December 1950 and is the best-selling pen in the world – the 100 billionth was sold in September 2006. Recently, it has become the archetypal ballpoint pen and is now considered ubiquitous, as the Museum Modern Art has made it a permanent part of his collection. Its hexagonal shape and design mimic a classic lead pencil and are sold in 6 types of tips and (more…)

Ballpoint pen knife

A ball knife is a multi-tool pocket knife made of a hidden blade inside an ordinary-looking ballpoint pen. The blade, generally of length, is generally hidden. They first appeared as custom-made pens from various custom knife manufacturers before being mass-produced by production companies.

Feathered knives such as these are designed for self-defense because of their ease of concealment. Their small size makes them impractical as weapons in elaborate combat, but their slender profile allows them to cause a lot of trouble in close combat with an element of surprise. A knife of this type can also be used as a standard letter (more…)

Reynolds International Pen Company

In June 1945, a Chicago businessman, Milton Reynolds, was in Buenos Aires, Argentina, when he encountered the first commercially available ballpoint pen, the Biro pen. In October 1945, Milton Reynolds was able to debone the Biro pen and was the first to manufacture and sell ballpoint pens in the US market. The “Reynolds Rocket” pen was introduced at the Gimbel department store in New York, selling pens worth $ 100,000 on the first day. In 1945, the demand was 30,000 pens per day, making it the number one American ballpoint pen. However, in three years, the price of the pen has (more…)

Ballpoint pen

A ballpoint pen, also known as a biro or ball pen, is a pen that dispenses ink (usually in paste form) over a metal ball at its point, i.e. over a “ball point”. The metal commonly used is steel, brass, or tungsten carbide. It was conceived and developed as a cleaner and more reliable alternative to dip pens and fountain pens, and it is now the world’s most-used writing instrument: millions are manufactured and sold daily. As a result, it has influenced art and graphic design and spawned an artwork genre. Pen manufacturers produce designer ballpoint pens for the high-end and (more…)

SanDisk Sansa

The SanDisk Sansa is a line of 2- to 32-gigabyte flash memory-based portable media players produced by SanDisk.

The Clip Jam was released in 2015, and is similar to the Clip Sport with a smaller screen.

The Clip Sport was announced on February 10, 2014, with capacities of 4GB, 8GB. It is similar to previous Clip models, with a larger screen and longer battery life, but with no voice recorder. Later firmware uses the menu button for locking. A microSDHC card slot is provided to increase the storage capacity, but it does not support slotRadio. This is the first SanDisk mp3 player to (more…)

Creative MuVo

The Creative MuVo (in some markets, formerly Creative NOMAD MuVo) is a line of digital audio players produced by Creative Technology Limited, launched in 2002. Most models in the MuVo range use flash memory to store data; the only exceptions being the MuVo² and MuVo² FM models that use microdrives. The distinctive feature of the lineup, starting with the original MuVo and focused on newer models, is that the players are divided into two unequal parts. The smaller part works like the audio player, with all the controls, inputs and outputs, the internal microphone and a USB-A male jack. Most have (more…)


XPlay is a drag and drop application created by Mediafour. This third party program allows for easier access of digital music on an iPod and is not supported by Apple. It is notable for allowing Windows computers to use Mac formatted iPods. A preview version was released in December 2001, with the first official release on June 24, 2002. As of May 2008, the current version is XPlay 3; the cost is $29.95.

This version integrates an iPod with the Windows operating system, allowing for the iPod to be managed using Windows Media Player, Windows Media Center, iTunes, or XPlay. It also (more…)


Winamp is a media player for Windows, macOS and Android, originally developed by Justin Frankel and Dmitry Boldyrev by their company Nullsoft, which they later sold to AOL in 1999 for $80 million. It was then acquired by Radionomy in 2014. Since version 2 it has been sold as freemium and supports extensibility with plug-ins and skins, and features music visualization, playlist and a media library, supported by a large online community. Version 1 of Winamp was released in 1997, and grew quickly popular with over 3 million downloads, paralleling the developing trend of MP3 (music) file sharing. Winamp 2.0 was (more…)


Typeeto is a software tool that enables using a Macintosh Bluetooth compatible keyboard with iOS and Android devices, Apple TV and game consoles.

Typeeto’s has been compatibility-tested for Android phones and tablets, Apple TV, Windows PCs, the iPad, the iPhone, the iPod Touch, and MacBooks. Typeeto can connect a keyboard to several devices at a time; switching between them requires either a mouse click or pressing a hotkey. Typeeto was featured on Product Hunt and got more than 200 upvotes.

Trove (app)

Trove was a social news aggregation website and a mobile app, with apps available on iOS, Android and Fire Phone. Trove is also the name of the company behind the application. Trove was closed in December 2015.

Trove was a free platform for discovering and sharing social news where users connected with others through shared interests. Users can organize news feeds tailored to their interests, called troves. Users then choose the best stories to share with their followers on Trove and other social media sites. Users could follow a trove to see these choices on their homepage. Smartpick In January 2015, Trove (more…)

Style Jukebox

Jukebox Style was a high-resolution audio and video cloud streaming and storage player for Windows, iOS, Android and Windows Phone platforms. A web reader is also available for Mac, Windows and Linux. Style Jukebox allows users to download their personal music collection from their computer to Jukebox Style servers and listen to them from another compatible device (Android, iOS, Windows, Mac and Windows Phone) by streaming or downloading songs for playback offline. Basic accounts have 10 GB of storage. Pro accounts can have up to 2 TB of music. As of July 2016, Style Jukebox had more than 250,000 registered users. (more…)

Songbird (software)

Songbird uses Mozilla XULRunner and GStreamer media framework cross-platform frameworks. Songbird currently runs on Windows and macOS. In 2012, an Android version and an iOS version were released. Songbird at one point also supported Solaris and Linux, but this support was dropped. As a result, users forked Songbird and created a Windows, Mac, and Linux compatible derivative as Nightingale. Songbird announced on June 14, 2013 that it will stop all operations and close its doors on June 28. The company was unable to fund other activities and, as a result, all related operations and services were discontinued.

Users can add features and (more…)


Senuti (iTunes spelled back) is a Mac OS X computer application written by Whitney Young. It was released on April 19, 2006 for copying songs from an iPod to a Macintosh computer running Mac OS X 10.5 or later. According to FadingRed, the company that sells and distributes Senuti, it has been downloaded more than 2 million times.

Senuti is an application for transferring files, such as songs and videos, from an iPod or iPhone to a Macintosh computer. It is an exclusive application of Mac OS X; no version of Senuti has been released for Microsoft Windows. It can be downloaded (more…)


Rockbox is a free and open-source software replacement for the OEM firmware in various forms of digital audio players (DAPs) with an original kernel. It offers an alternative to the player’s operating system, in many cases without removing the original firmware, which provides a plug-in architecture for adding various enhancements and functions. Enhancements include personal digital assistant (PDA) functions, applications, utilities, and games. Rockbox can also retrofit video playback functions on players first released in mid-2000. Rockbox includes a voice-driven user-interface suitable for operation by visually impaired users. Rockbox runs on a wide variety of devices with very different hardware abilities: (more…)


PortalPlayer, founded in 1999, was a fabless semiconductor company that supplied system-on-a-chip semiconductors, firmware and software for personal media players. The company handled semiconductor design and firmware development, while subcontracting the actual semiconductor manufacturing to merchant foundries. It gained recognition as the company with which Apple contracted for development of the original iPod. The company went public with an IPO in November 2004 and traded on the NASDAQ under ticker symbol PLAY. Sales to Apple grew to 90% of the company’s gross revenue, which ultimately hurt the company when Apple switched media processor chip vendors in its iPod lines. On January (more…)


Pixo was a company that developed an infrastructure for portable devices. It was founded in 1994 when Paul Mercer, a software developer at Apple, left to form his own company. The company has developed a C ++ software toolkit for use on cell phones and other hand-held devices. They were acquired by Sun Microsystems in 2003.

In 2001, Pixo was reengaged by Apple to adapt its system software to the iPod. The use of the Pixo OS in the iPod has never been officially announced, although the iPod’s “first generation” iPod includes a Pixo mention, and a Connectix biography of their vice (more…)

Nightingale (software)

Nightingale is a free audio player and web browser, based on the source code of the Songbird media player. As such, Nightingale’s engine is based on the Mozilla XULRunner with libraries such as the GStreamer and libtag multimedia framework providing support for markup and multimedia playback, among others. As the official Linux support was dropped by Songbird in April 2010, members of the Songbird community using Linux diverged and created the project. Unlike Songbird, which is primarily licensed under GPLv2 but includes artwork that is not freely distributable, Nightingale is free software, licensed under GPLv2, with portions under MPL and BSD (more…)


News360 is a custom news aggregator app for smartphones, tablets and the web. It tries to learn the interests of a user by analyzing its behavior and activity on social media and using semantic analysis and natural language processing to create a graph of interest and build a single stream of relevant content for each user. The app has an audience of over 4 million users and is located in San Francisco, CA, with offices in Vancouver, British Columbia and Moscow, Russia. Initially launched for the iPhone in late 2010, News360 is now available for all major mobile platforms, with versions (more…)

My Brute

My Brute is a combat simulation video game with role-playing elements, released in March 2009. Although it is an English game, it was developed by Motion-Twin, a games provider. online french. My Brute was born as a Flash game based on a free browser. It was later ported to the iPhone and iPod Touch, with enhanced graphics and additional features, by the video game developer Bulkypix.

The player starts by creating an avatar called Brute. Players can create as many Brutes as they want. The Brutes of new users are, by default, public and can be used by anyone to fight. However, (more…)


MusicBee is a free media player for reading and organizing audio files on Microsoft Windows, built using the audio library BASS (audio library).


  • Audio playback: MP3, AAC, M4A, MPC, OGG, FLAC, APE, Opus, TAK (ru), WavPack, WMA, WAV, MIDI, MOD, UMX, XM.
    CDDA support: CD-Text playback and extraction of audio CDs. Tracks can be extracted (in fast or secure mode), as individual files or as a single album with an integrated cuesheet.
  • Synchronization: ability to synchronize local library content with external devices (including iOS 3.0 and earlier) and import libraries from iTunes and Windows Media Player.
  • File Converter: Single / batch file (more…)


MediaMonkey for Windows (sometimes referred to as MMW) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Ventis Media Inc. for organizing and playing audio on Microsoft Windows operating systems. By using plugins, it can be expanded to manage video formats and other media. MediaMonkey uses the freemium license model; the basic program is available as freeware, but a Gold Premium license unlocks additional features such as the ability to have multiple media collections, the ability to automatically organize files, and others. Both editions can be significantly enriched with skins, third-party plugins, and user-generated extension scripts. It uses SQLite (more…)


Mactracker is a freeware application containing a complete database of all hardware models and Apple software versions, created and actively developed by Ian Page. The database includes (by no means exhaustive) the Lisa (under his name later Macintosh XL), Classic Macintosh (1984-1996), printers, scanners, digital cameras QuickTake, iSight, iPod, iPhone, iPad, AirPort , as well as all versions of Classic Mac OS, macOS and iOS. For each desktop and laptop model, audio clips from the corresponding chime or death chime are also included. The sources of the story and text used in Mactracker are attributed to Lukas Foljanty, Glen. D Sanford, (more…)


iSync is a software program originally released by Apple Inc. on January 2, 2003. Apple has licensed the core fusionOne technology. It only ran on Mac OS X and was used to synchronize contact and calendar data from the address book and iCal with many mobile phones that are not compatible with Apple SyncML over a Bluetooth or USB connection. Support for many devices (pre-October 2007) was built-in, with new devices supported through third-party manufacturer and iSync plug-ins. Support for Palm OS organizers and compatible smartphones was removed with the release of iSync 3.1 and Mac OS X 10.6 Snow Leopard. (more…)


iRip (formerly named iPodRip, renamed because of the iPod brand) is a commercial iPod recovery tool for Mac OS X, Windows XP and Windows Vista. It has an iTunes style interface, iPod multimedia transfer and integration with iTunes. It was originally released in August 2003 and has since more than 5 million downloads. iRip supports all iPods (including iPod touch) and all iPhones. It was developed for the Hack Show during MacHack 2003. However, the developer never demonstrated that he thought the hack was “too simple” compared to Unstoppable Progress and Interface UnBuilder, both of which impressed the audience.

In November 2009, (more…)


gtkpod provides a graphical user interface that enables users of Linux and other Unix operating systems to transfer audio files onto their iPod Classic, iPod Nano, iPod Shuffle, iPod Photo, or iPod Mini music players. Although it does not support some of the more advanced features of iTunes, gtkpod still performs the role of an iPod manager for Linux. Album art and videos are now supported, and preliminary support for jailbroken iPhones and iPod Touches is available. Most digital audio players permit the user to browse and access their content via an interface closely related to the underlying file system. iPods, (more…)


Exaile is a free, multiplatform audio player, tag editor, and library organizer. It was originally designed to be similar in style and functions to KDE’s Amarok 1.4, but uses the GTK + widget toolbox rather than Qt. It is written in Python and uses the GStreamer media framework. Exaile incorporates many features of Amarok (and other multimedia players) such as automatic folder retrieval, large library management, lyrics retrieval, Last.fm support, advanced tag editing, and video capture. Optional iPod and MSC charging. Compared to typical music players, Exaile is able to handle large music libraries without the need to massively import all (more…)


ephPod (pronounced eef-Pod) was a freeware program for Microsoft Windows that managed the interaction between Apple Computer’s iPod digital audio player and the computer. It is no longer actively developed. The EphPod Web site does not recommend EphPod software for iPhone, iPod and iPad models released after 2006.

The download page is kept up-to-date and has iPad, iPod Touch and iPhone tools to transfer iPhone music to iTunes and to copy music from PC to iPhone, even for the latest iTunes and iOS versions.

JRiver Media Center

JRiver Media Center is a multimedia application that allows the user to read and organize different types of media on a computer running Windows, Mac OS X or Linux. JRiver Media Center is a jukebox-type media player, like iTunes, that typically uses most of the screen to display a potentially very large file library. Regular versions (usually beta) are published on the Media Center Interact forum implementing the requested features and correcting reported bugs. The forum has an active user community, with over 25,000 users in 2011. Also available for JRiver Media Center are an Audioscrobbler plugin, and G-Force, a popular (more…)

iTunes Ping

iTunes Ping, or simply Ping, was a software-based, music-oriented social networking and recommender system service developed and operated by Apple Inc. It was announced and launched on September 1, 2010, as part of the tenth major release of iTunes. The service launched with 1 million members in 23 countries. The service allowed users to follow artists and see short, timely postings by both friends and artists. Ping was also accessible via iTunes for the iPhone and iPod Touch. Apple officially closed the service on September 30, 2012, and replaced it with Facebook and Twitter integration in iTunes.

After Ping’s official announcement on (more…)


iPodLinux is a µClinux-based Linux distribution designed specifically to run on Apple Inc.’s iPod. When the iPodLinux kernel is booted it takes the place of Apple’s iPod operating system and automatically loads Podzilla, an alternative GUI and launcher for a number of additional included programs such as a video player, an image viewer, a command line shell, games, emulators for video game consoles, programming demos, and other experimental or occasionally unfinished software. As of 2009, the project has been inactive and its website is no longer maintained. Further development of free and open source software for iPods have continued with the (more…)


iTunes is a multimedia player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001. It is used to read, download and organize digital media files, including music and video, on personal computers running macOS and Windows operating systems. The content must be purchased through the iTunes Store, while iTunes is the software that allows users to manage their purchases. The original and primary goal of iTunes is music, with a library offering the organization, collection and storage of users’ music collections. It can be used to extract songs from (more…)

Vertigo (U2 song)

“Vertigo” is a song by Irish rock band U2. It is the opening track on their eleventh studio album, How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb (2004). The song was released to radio as the album’s lead single on 24 September 2004, and upon release, it received extensive airplay. It was an international hit, bolstered by its usage in a television advertisement featuring the band for Apple’s iPod digital music player. The song lent its name to the band’s 2005–2006 Vertigo Tour. The song peaked at number 31 on the Billboard Hot 100 in the United States and number one on the (more…)

iPod Touch (5th generation)

Like the iPhone 5, the fifth-generation iPod Touch is a slimmer, lighter model that introduces a higher-resolution, 4-inch screen to the series with 16:9 widescreen aspect ratio. Other improvements include support for recording 1080p video and panoramic still photos via the rear camera, an LED flash, Apple’s A5 chip (the same chip used in the iPad Mini (1st generation), iPad 2, and iPhone 4S) and support for Apple’s Siri. Additionally, unlike its predecessors, the iPod Touch was made available in space grey, silver, pink, gold, blue, and Product Red. The device was initially only sold in 32 GB and 64 GB (more…)

iPod Touch

IPod Touch models are sold based on storage space and color, with all models of the same generation typically offering identical features, processors, and performance, in addition to available operating system upgrades . an exception was the fifth generation, as the low-end model (16 GB) was initially sold without a rear camera. The current iPod touch is the sixth generation model, released on July 15, 2015. Since September 2017, the iPod Touch is currently the only product in the Apple iPod line of products, after the abandonment of the iPod Nano and the iPod Shuffle on July 27th. , 2017. Following (more…)

iPod Shuffle

The iPod Shuffle (stylized and marketed as iPod shuffle) is a digital audio player designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It was the smallest model in Apple’s iPod family, and was the first iPod to use flash memory. The first model was announced at the Macworld Conference & Expo on January 11, 2005; the fourth- and final-generation models were introduced on September 1, 2010. The iPod Shuffle was discontinued by Apple on July 27, 2017.

Released on January 11, 2005 during the Macworld expo, the first-generation iPod Shuffle weighed, and was designed to be easily loaded with a selection of songs and (more…)

The Perfect Thing

The Perfect Thing: How the iPod Shuffles Trade, Culture, and Coolness is a book written by Steven Levy, an American journalist. It covers the growth of the idea of ​​Apple’s own iPod, from its origins before its introduction in 2001 to its development to the iPod Nano and the fifth generation iPod video.

In an author’s note, Levy writes,

The book includes quotes, interviews and anecdotes with individuals such as Apple’s co-founder and CEO, Steve Jobs; Microsoft President Bill Gates; cultural anthropologist at the University of Utrecht and noted “Professor of Cool”, Dr. Carl Rohde; founder of MP3.com, Michael Robertson; and many more.

Publishers (more…)

Neistat Brothers

The Neistat brothers, Casey Neistat (born March 25, 1981 in New London, Connecticut) and Van Neistat (born Van Paul Moody, March 27, 1975 in Augusta), are filmmakers based in New York. Their eponymous TV show, The Neistat Brothers, debuted on HBO in 2010. The pair has created more than two hundred movies, including “iPod’s Dirty Secret,” which focuses on Apple’s policy on replacing iPod batteries, and Bike Thief, chronic the ease with which they steal their own bike. Their films have been featured in film festivals, art museums and various institutions around the world.

In July 2008, HBO bought a television series (more…)

iPod Nano

The iPod Nano (stylized and marketed as iPod nano) is a portable media player designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first generation model was introduced on September 7, 2005, replacing the iPod Mini, using flash memory for storage. The iPod Nano has gone through several different models, or generations, since its introduction. Apple has discontinued the iPod Nano on July 27, 2017.

Development work on the design of the iPod Nano began only nine months before its launch date. The Nano was launched in two colors (black and white) with two sizes available: 2GB (about 500 songs) and 4GB (1000 songs). (more…)

iPod Mini

The iPod Mini (stylized and marketed as the iPod mini) is a digital audio player that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. While sold, it was the mid-range model in the iPod line of products Apple. It was announced on January 6, 2004 and published on February 20 of the same year. A second-generation version was announced on February 23, 2005 and released immediately. While in production, it was one of the most popular electronic products on the market, with consumers often unable to find a retailer with the product in stock. The iPod Mini was abandoned on September 7, (more…)


The Apple iPod + HP is an Apple iPod 4G with an HP logo on the back, distributed by HP. On January 8, 2004, Carly Fiorina announced the Apple iPod + HP agreement at the Consumer Electronics Show. The Apple iPod + HP originally had to be “HP Blue”. Initially, HP only offered the 4th generation iPods of 20 and 40 GB. Later, HP added the iPod mini, the iPod photo and the iPod shuffle to the lineup. As these were officially HP products rather than Apple products, Apple Store Genius tablets were not allowed to repair Apple iPod + HP (more…)

iPod Touch (6th generation)

The sixth-generation iPod touch includes iOS, Apple’s mobile operating system. The iOS user interface is based on the concept of direct manipulation, using multi-touch gestures. The interface control elements consist of sliders, switches, and buttons. The interaction with the operating system includes gestures such as swipe, tap, pinch, and reverse pinch, all of which have specific definitions in the context of the iOS operating system and its Multi-Touch interface. Internal accelerometers are used by some applications to respond to the agitation of the device (a common result is the undo command) or to rotate it vertically (a common result is switching (more…)

Dock connector

A Dock connector is a connector used to attach a mobile electronic device simultaneously to multiple external resources. The Dock connector will typically carry a variety of signals and power, through a single connector, to simplify the docking process of the mobile device. A dock connector may be integrated into a mechanical device used to support or align the mobile device or may be at the end of a cable. The dock connector was originally associated with laptops, but other mobile devices use the concept.

Anchor connectors for laptops are typically integrated into a mechanical device that supports and aligns the laptop (more…)


DADVSI (usually called dadsi) is the abbreviation of the Copyright and Neighboring Rights Act in the Information Society. . This is a bill reforming French copyright law, mainly to implement the European Copyright Directive 2001 (known as the EUCD), which implements a 1996 WIPO treaty. The law, although initially dismissed as highly technical and of no interest to the average person, provoked considerable controversy when it was considered by the French Parliament between December 2005 and June 30, 2006, when it was finally voted by both rooms. The bulk of the bill focused on the exchange of copyright-protected works on peer-to-peer (more…)

iPod click wheel

The click wheel of the iPod is the navigation component of several iPod models. It uses a combination of touch technology and traditional buttons, involving capacitive sensing technology, which detects the ability of the user’s fingers. The wheel allows a user to find music, videos, photos and play games on the device. The wheel is flush with the face of the iPod and is under the screen. The design was first released with the iPod Mini, and was last used with the iPod Classic.

The click wheel detects user input via its touch ring. Due to four mechanical buttons below, the ring (more…)

iPod Classic

The iPod Classic (styled and marketed as iPod classic and formerly iPod) was a portable media player created and previously marketed by Apple Inc. There were seven generations of iPod Classic, as well as a spin-off (the iPod Photo ) which was then reinstated in the main line of the iPod. All generations used a hard drive for storage. The “classic” suffix was formally introduced with the deployment of the sixth-generation iPod on September 5, 2007. Prior to that, all iPod Classic models were simply called iPods. It was available in silver or black replacing the “white signature iPod”. On September (more…)

Apple Lossless

Apple Lossless, also known as the Apple Lossless Audio Codec (ALAC), or Apple Lossless Encoder (ALE), is an audio coding format, and its implementation of audio codec reference, developed by Apple Inc. for data lossless compression of data. digital music. After initially retaining ownership since its inception in 2004, Apple made the codec available at the end of 2011 and royalty-free. Traditionally, Apple has called the Apple Lossless codec, although more recently it has started using the abbreviated term ALAC with reference to the codec.

Apple Lossless supports up to 8 16, 20, 24 and 32 bit audio channels with a maximum (more…)

iPod advertising

Apple has used a variety of advertising campaigns to promote its iPod portable digital media player. Campaigns include television commercials, print ads, posters in public places and advertising campaigns. These advertising techniques are unified by a distinctive and consistent style that differs from other Apple ads.

The very first advertisement for the first iPod (only compatible with Macs) featured a man in his room who was heading to his digital music collection on his Apple iBook. He drags his music on his iPod, closes his laptop and plugs in the headphones. He hits the game and the music increases its volume. He (more…)


The iPod is a line of portable media players and multifunction handhelds designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first version was released on October 23, 2001, just months after the release of the Macintosh version of iTunes. As of July 27, 2017, only the iPod Touch remains in production. Like other digital music players, iPods can serve as external data storage devices. Apple’s iTunes software (and other software) can be used to transfer music, photos, videos, games, contact information, e-mail settings, web bookmarks, and calendars. and Microsoft Windows operating systems. Prior to the release of iOS 5, the iPod brand (more…)


ZVUE is a brand of portable media player, now inactive, designed and marketed by HandHeld Entertainment. The ZVUE device combined a digital mp3 audio player with a personal video player and a JPEG viewer into a consumer electronics device on the size of a deck of playing cards. Widely distributed by Walmart, the Zvue beat the Apple iPod video in mass distribution by more than a year [quote] The ZVUE is similar to the iPod video and runs on the standard MPEG-4 or H.264 video for video, the MP3 standard for audio (in addition to OGG Vorbis) and the JPEG standard (more…)


Zune is an abandoned brand of digital media products and services marketed by Microsoft. Zune included a range of portable media players, digital media player software for Windows PCs, a music subscription service called “Zune Music Pass”, streaming music and video services for the Xbox 360 console via Zune software . movie sales and desktop sync software for Windows Phone. Zune also streamed music for United Airlines after a partnership in 2010. Zune hardware drives were shut down in October 2011. In June 2012, Microsoft announced its intention to end all “Zune” services; Instead, Microsoft would distribute its digital media content (more…)

Waterproof audio player

Waterproof audio players are devices that can store and play audio media while in contact with water. One intended use of waterproof audio players is to listen to audio where ordinary portable audio players can not be used so as not to risk wetting them. As advances in technology make them smaller and lighter, they are becoming more and more popular in pools.

While watertight cassette players and CD players were developed and manufactured, their size, coupled with the fact that both had to include an opening mechanism, prevented customers from using them while swimming. Generally, they were intended for use in (more…)

TrekStor Vibez

The TrekStor Vibez is a microdrive digital audio player released on November 15, 2006. It is available in 8GB and 12GB capacities. Flash versions of the Vibez player with a capacity of 4GB and 8GB were announced in 2007, but only have not materialized for a while. A 16 GB Vibez with flash memory has been reviewed by the German computer magazine ” c’t ” in early July 2008. The cancellation of flash-based units has been confirmed by Trekstor in electronic messages addressed to customers.

The Vibez chipset, the SigmaTel 3600 SoC, natively supports almost all the features originally included in the (more…)